Hitler's Men


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A brief overview of Hitler's men during the rise and domination of the Nazi Party.

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Hitler's Men

  1. 1. The Nazis’ Leading Men (after Hitler) Germany: 1919-1939
  2. 2. Main men of the Nazi Party <ul><li>Herman G öring </li></ul><ul><li>Joseph Goebbels </li></ul><ul><li>Rudolf Hess </li></ul><ul><li>Heinrich Himmler </li></ul><ul><li>Ernst Röhm </li></ul><ul><li>Martin Bormann </li></ul>
  3. 3. Herman G öring <ul><li>Decorated flyer in WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Joined the Nazi Party in 1922 </li></ul><ul><li>Wounded in Munich Beerhall Putsch </li></ul><ul><li>Held a number of key positions when Nazis came to power: one being Commander in Chief of the German Air Force </li></ul><ul><li>Was sentenced to death in the Nuremburg War Crimes Trial, but committed suicide just hours before he was due to be hanged </li></ul>http://www.uncp.edu/home/rwb/goring2.jpg
  4. 4. Dr Joseph Goebbels <ul><li>Intelligent, ruthless, and a gift for oratory and organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Joined Nazi Party after unsuccessful in journalism </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most devoted followers of Hitler </li></ul><ul><li>Put in charge of the party’s propaganda – genius move! </li></ul><ul><li>Minister of Propaganda and Public Enlightenment – after Nazis came to power </li></ul><ul><li>Leader with genuine intelligence – one of few in the party </li></ul><ul><li>FANATICAL!! – arranged for his children to be killed shortly before he and his wife committed suicide at the end of the war!!! </li></ul>http://library.thinkquest.org/C0111500/ww2/media/images/people/goebbels2.jpg
  5. 5. Rudolf Hess <ul><li>Took part in the Munich Beerhall putsch </li></ul><ul><li>Went to prison as well </li></ul><ul><li>Helped Hitler with Mein Kampf </li></ul><ul><li>1933: appointed Deputy F ührer </li></ul><ul><li>1941: flew to Britain on a ‘peace mission’ </li></ul><ul><li>Spent the rest of the war in prison </li></ul><ul><li>1946: sentenced to life imprisonment; committed suicide in 1987, aged 93 at Spandau Prison, Berlin </li></ul>http://www.nazi-lauck-nsdapao.com/griechenland/hess.jpg
  6. 6. Heinrich Himmler <ul><li>August 1923: joins Nazi Party </li></ul><ul><li>Took part in the Munich Beerhall Putsch </li></ul><ul><li>1929: appointed leader of the SS – Hitler’s personal bodyguard </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most powerful and feared men: was in charge of Gestapo and SS – the Nazi Police State </li></ul><ul><li>The SS systematically exterminated the Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Himmler was captured by the British at the end of the war, but committed suicide </li></ul>http://www.orange-papers.org/orange-Himmler3.png
  7. 7. Ernst R öhm <ul><li>Former army captain and responsible for getting ex- Freikorps into the SA </li></ul><ul><li>1931: became Chief of Staff of the SA </li></ul><ul><li>SA became major threat to Hitler after the Nazis came to power </li></ul><ul><li>30 June, 1934: R öhm and other leaders of the SA are assassinated in ‘Night of the Long Knives’, on Hitler’s orders!! (Don’t threaten Hitler’s leadership, or you die…!) </li></ul>http://dutron.files.wordpress.com/2008/11/enrst-rohm.jpg
  8. 8. Martin Bormann <ul><li>Joined Nazi Party in 1924 (was 24 yrs old) </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient administrator – rose quickly in ranks </li></ul><ul><li>Became head of the Party Chancellery and Hitler’s principal secretary after Hess left </li></ul><ul><li>Came to control the Gauleiters (district leaders of Germany) and party appointments </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled access to Hitler and Nazi policy on many issues, including Jewish question </li></ul><ul><li>Stayed with the F ührer until Hitler committed suicide (April, 1945), then died attempting to break out of Berlin in the last days of the war. </li></ul>http://blogimages.bloggen.be/eef/70-6bcc8990bc6f1b5a4d966988e1ca62e8.jpg
  9. 9. Bibliography <ul><li>Mason, K., (Fielden, P.), 2007, Republic to Reich: A History of Germany 1918-1939 , 3 rd ed., McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd, North Ryde </li></ul>