Language of the flower

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in Victorian times people couldn't be outright and in your face about their affections so they developed a symbolic representative language using flowers seeds and herbs and this is a guide to what the language was :)

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Language of the flower

  1. 1. ^Mfo- : A. ,Lang uage or rioiversKATE c;ra&ENAAV
  2. 2. 1UU TO 8f S <NY PUBLIC LIBRARY THE BRANCH LIBRARIES 3 3333 191O6 1 O49
  3. 3. J
  4. 4. V /
  5. 5. st
  6. 6. Language of Flowers ILLUSTRATED BY KATE GREENAWAY PRINTED IN COLOURS BY EDMUND EVANSondon : George Routledge and Sons
  7. 7. x^ I 1 ^ -A . * -. yx tf fv < i x I
  8. 8. Abecedary Volubility.Abatina . Fickleness.Acacia Friendship.Acacia, Rose or White . Elegance.Acacia, Yellow Secret love.Acanthus The fine arts. A rtifice.Acalia Temperance.Achillea Millefolia War.Aconite (Wolfsbane) Misau th ropy.Aconite, Crowfoot . Lustre.Adonis, Flos . Painful recollections.African Marigold . Vulgar minds.Agnus Castus Coldness. Indifference.Agrimony Thankfulness. Gratitude.Almond (Common). Stupidity. Indiscretion .
  9. 9. Almond (Flowering) Hope.Almond, Laurel PerfidyAllspice . Compassion.Aloe Grief. Religious superstition.Althaea trutex (Syrian Mallow) . Persuasion.Alyssum (Sweet) . Worth beyond beauty.Amaranth (Globe) . 1 mmortatity. Unfading lore.Amaranth (Cockscomb) . ]oppery. Affectation.Amaryllis Pride. Timidity. Splendid beauty.Ambrosia Love returned.American Cowslip . Divine beauty.American Elm Patriotism.American Linden . llatrimony.American Staruort Welcome to a stranger. Cheerfulness in old a^ e.Amethysi Admiration.Anemone (Zephyr Flower) , Sickness. Expectation.Anemone (Garden). Forsaken.AngelicaAngrecApple .... . Inspiration. Royalty. Temptation.Apple (Blossom) Preference. Fame sj caks him great and good.Apple, 1 horn Dcceitjul charms.Apocynum (Dogs Vane; Deceit.Arbor Vitas Unchanging Friendsh ip. Live Jor me.Arum (Wake Robin) A rdour.Ash-leavud Trumpet Flower Separation.Ash Tree . Crandeur.Aspen Tree Lamentation.Aster (China) . Variety. Afterthought.Asphodel My regrets follow you to the grave.Auricula . Painting.Auricula, Scarlet . Avarice.Austurtium Splendour.Azalea Temperance.
  10. 10. Bachelors Buttons . Celibacy.Balm Sympathy.Balm, Gentle . Pleasantry.Balm of Gilead Cure. Relief.Balsam, Red . , Touch me not. Impatient resolves.Balsam, Yellow Impatience.Barberry Sourness of temper.Barberry Tree Sharpness.Basil Hatred.Bay Leaf I change lut in death.Bay (Rose) Rhododendron Danger. Bcijare.Bay Tree Glory.Bay Wreath . Reward of merit.1 .carded Crepis Protection.Beech Tree Prosperity.Bee Orchis Industry.Bee Ophrys . Error.Belladonna SilenceBell Flower, Pyramidal . Constancy.Bell Flower (small white) Gratitude.
  11. 11. Belvedere / declare against you.Betony . Surprise.Bilberry . Treachery.Bindweed, Great . Insinuation.Bindweed, Small . Humility.Birch Meekness.Birdsfoot Trefoil . Revenge.Bittersweet ; Nightshade Truth.Black Poplar . Courage.Blackthorn Difficulty.Bladder Nut Tree . Frivolity. Amusement.Bluebottle (Centaury) . Delicacy.Bluebell . Constancy.Blue- flowered Greek Valerian Rupture.Borus Henncus Goodness.BorageBox Tree ... Bluntness. Stoicism.Bramble . Lowliness. Envy. RemorseBranch of Currants You please all.Branch of Thorns . Severity, Rigour.Bridal Rose . Happy love. Broom . . Humility. Neatness. Buckbean Calm re-pose. Bud of White Rose Heart ignorant of love. Falsehood. Bugloss Bulrush Indiscretion. Docility. Bundle of Reeds, with their Panicles . Music. Burdock . . . Importunity. Touch me not. Ingratitude. Childishness. Buttercup Kingcup) ( Butterfly Orchis Gaiety. Butterfly Weed Let me go. 10
  12. 12. Cabbage .... .... Profit.CacaliaCactus ....Calla vEthiopica Adulation. Warmth. Magnificent Beauty.Calycanthus . Benevolence.Camellia Japonica, Red Unpretending excellence.Camellia Japonica, White Perfected loveliness.Camomile Energy in adversity.Canary Grass . Perseverance.Candytuft Indifference.Canterbury Bell Acknowledgement.Cape Jasmine Im too happy. vCardamine . . Paternal error.Carnation, Deep Red A las ! for my poor heart.Carnation, Striped . Refusal.Carnation, Yellow . Disdain. ii
  13. 13. Cardinal Flower . Distinction.Catchfly . Snare.Catchfly, Red Yoiitliful love.Catchfly, White . Betrayed.Cedar Strength.Cedar of Lebanon . Incorruptible.Cedar Leaf J live for thce.Celandine (Lesser) . Joys to come.Cereus (Creeping) . Jlodest genius.Centaury Delicacy.Champignon . Suspicion.Chequered Fritillary Persecution.Cherry Tree . Good education.Cherry Tree, "White Deception.Chesnut Tree . Do me justice. L uxury.Chickweed Rendezvous.Chicory . Frugality.China Aster . } ariety.China Aster, Double 1 partake your sentiments.China Aster, Single 1 will think of it.China or Indian Pink Aversion.China Rose Beauty always new.Chinese Chrysanthemum Cheerfulness under adversity.Christmas Rose Relieve my anxiety.Chrysanthemum, Red . J love.Chrysanthemum, White Truth.Chrysanthemum, Yellow Slighted love.CinquefoilCircaeaCistus, or .... Rock Rose . IIaternal affection. Spell. Popu la r favo n r. GumCistus,CitronClematis .... .... . I shall die to-morrow. Ill-natured beauty. Alental beauty.ClotburCloves ....Clematis, Evergreen .... Poverty. R udeness. Dignity. Pertinacity.Clover, Four-leaved Be mine.Clover, Red . Industry.Clover, White Think of me.Cobaea , Gossip.Cockscomb Amaranth J-oppery. Affectation. Singularity. 12
  14. 14. Colchicum, or Meadow Saffron My best days arc fast.Coltsfoot . . Justice shall l>e done.Columbine Folly.Columbine, Pnrple Resolved to win.Columbine, Red Anxious and trembling.Convolvulus . Bonds.Convolvulus, Blue (Minor) Repoxe. ight.Convolvulus, Major Extinguished /ia/>cs.Convolvulus, Pink . IVortk sustained by judicious and tender affect for..Corchorus Impatient of absence.Coreopsis Always cheerful.Coreopsis Arkansa . Lore at first sight. Hidden -wertli.CorianderCornCorn, Broken ..... Riches. Quarrel.Corn Straw Agreement.Corn Bottle Delicacy.Corn Cockle . Gentility.Cornel Tree Duration.Coronella Success < rouni your wishes.Cowslip . Pensiveiicss. Winning grace.Cowslip, American Divine beauty- You are my ^Ti S divinity.Cranberry Cure for heartache.CressCrocus ....Creeping Cereus .... Horror. Stability. Power. Abuse not. o. riCrocus, Spring J o u tlifu I gladness.Crocus, Saffron Mirth.Crown Imperial Majesty. Power. 7/ /W^^*^.H.^^^>4>KtiVw .>.-.<- -
  15. 15. Crowsbill En-.y.Crowfoot Jngratititdt.Crowfoot (Aconite-leaved) L iistrc.Cuckoo Plant . A rdour.CurrantCuscuta ....Cudweed, American . Unseating re)>icilancc. Thy froivn will kill me. Meanness.Cyclamen Diffidence.Cypress . Death. Mourning.
  16. 16. DaffodilDahliaDaisy .... . Regard. Instability. Innocence.Daisy, Garden I share your sentimentsDaisy, Michaelmas Farewell.Daisy, Party-coloured . Beauty.Daisy, Wild . I -will think of It.Damask Rose Brilliant complexion.Dandelion Rustic oracle.Daphne Odora Painting the lily.Darnel (Ray grass). ViceDead Leaves . Sadness.Dew Plant A Serenade.Dittany of Crete . Birth.Dittany of Crete, White Passion.Dock . Patience.Dodder of Thyme . Baseness.Dogsbane Deceit. Falsehood.Dogwood Durability.Dragon Plant Snare. Dragonwort . Horror. Dried Flax Utility.
  17. 17. v_ Ebony Tree . Blackness. Poetry. I wound to Iteal. Eglantine (Sweetbrurr) Elder . Zealonsness. Elm Dignity. Enchanters Nightshade Witchcraft. Sorcery. Endive . Frugality. Eupatorium . Delay. Evernowering Candytuft Indifference. Evergreen Clematis Poverty. Evergreen Thorn Solace in adversity. Everlasting Never-ceasing remembrance. Everlasting Pea Lasting pleasure. 16
  18. 18. Fennel . Worthy all praise. Stra:: *i,Fern . Fascination. Ficoides, Ice Plant } our looks freeze me. Argument.Fig Marigold . Idleness.Fi^ Tree Prolific.FilbertFir .....Fir Tree.... . . . . Reconciliation Time. Elevation.Flax Domestic Industry. Fate. I feel your kindness.Flax-leaved Goldy-locks Tardiness.Fleur-de-Lis . I-lanie. I burn.Fleur-de-Luce Fire.Flnwering Fern Reverie.1 lowering Reed Confidence inFlover-of-an-Hour Delicate beauty.Fly Orchis Error.
  19. 19. Flytrap . Deceit.Fools Parsley Silliness.Forget Me Not True love. Forget we not.Foxglove Insincerity.Foxtail Grass . Sporting.French Honeysuckle R us tic beatify.French Marigold . Jealousy.French Willow Bravery and humanity.Frog Ophrys . Disgust.Fullers Teasel Misan th ropy .Fumitory Spleen.Fuchsia, Scarlet Taste. 18
  20. 20. Garden Anemone . Forsaken.Garden Chervil Sincerity,Garden Daisy I partake your sentiments.Garden Marigold . Uneasiness.Garden Ranunculus You arc rick in attractions.Garden Sage . Esteem.Garland of Roses . Reivard of virtue.Germander Speedwell . Facility.Geranium, Dark Melancholy.Geranium, Ivy Bridal favour.Geranium, Lemon . Unexpected meeting.Geranium, Nutmeg Expected meeting.Geranium, Oak-leaved . True friendship.Geranium, Pencilled Ingenuity.Geranium, Rose-scented Preference.Geranium, Scarlet . Comforting. Stupidity.Geranium, Silver-leaved Recall.Geranium, Wild Steadfast piety.
  21. 21. Gillyflower . Ho iitis of affection.Glory Flower . Glorious beauty.GoatsRue . Reason.Golden Rod . Precaution.Gooseberry . Anticipation.Gourd . Extent, Bulk.Grape, Wild . Charity.Grass . Submission. Utility.Guelder Ro.-c . Winter. Age,
  22. 22. Hand Flower Tree Warning.HarebellHawk weedHawthorn .... . .... . . .Submission. Quicksightedness. Grief.HazelHeath .... Hope. Reconciliation. Solitude.HeleniumHeliotropeHellebore .... Tears. Devotion. Scandal. 1- a itkfu Iness. . Calumny.Helmet Flover (Monkhood).HemlockHemp .... ..... I~ J night-errantry. ~ou mill be nty dcaili.Henbane .... rate. Imperfection,HepaticaHibiscusHolly . .... Confidence. Delicate beauty. Foresight.Holly Herb . Enchantment.HollyhockHonesty ..... Ambition. Ifonesly. Fecundity. Fascination. . i
  23. 23. Honey Flower Love sweet and secret.Honeysuckle . Generous and derated affection.Honeysuckle Coral The colour of my fate.Honeysuckle (French) Rustic beauty.Hop Injustice.Hornbeam Ornament.Horse Chesntit Luxury.Hortensia You are cold.Houseleek Vivacity. Domestic industryHoustonia Content.Hoya Sculpture.Humble Plant Despondency.Hundred-leaved Rose Dignity of mind.Hyacinth Sport. Game. Play.Hyacinth, White . Unobtrusive loveliness.Hydrangea A boaster. Pleartlessncss.Hyssop . Cleanliness.
  24. 24. Iceland Moss . Health.Ice Plant Your looks freeze meImperial Montague Poiver,Indian Cress . Warlike trophy.Indian Jasmine (Ipomcea) Attachment,Indian Pink (Double) Always lovely.Indian Plum Privation.Iris . Message.Iris, German - Flame.Ivy . Fidelity. Marriage.Ivy, Sprig of, with tendrils Assiduous to please. -
  25. 25. Jacobs Ladder Come doivn.Japan Rose Beauty is your only attraction.Jasmine . A miabiliiy.Jasmine, Cape Transport of joy.Jasmine, Carolina . Separation.Jasmine, Indian 1 attach myself to you.Jasmine, Spanish . Sensuality.Jasmine, Yellow Grace and elegance.Jonquil . I desire a return of affection.Judas Tree Unbelief. Betrayal.Juniper . Succour. Protection.Justicia . The perfection of female loveliness.
  26. 26. Kennedia . Mental Beauty.King-cups . Desire q/ R
  27. 27. Laburnum Forsaken. Pensive Beauty.Ladys Slipper Capricious Beauty. Win me and ivear me.LantanaLarcli ....Lagerstrsemia, Indian .... . Eloquence. Rigour. A iidacify. Boldness.Larkspur Lightness. Levity.Larkspur, Pink Fickleness.Laurel, ....Larkspur, PurpleLaurel Common, . in flower Haughtiness. Glory. Perfidy.Laurel, Ground Perseverance.Laurel, Mountain . An bit ion. iLaurel-leaved Magnolia. Dignity.Laurestina A token. I die if neglected.Lavender Distrust.Leaves (dead) Melancholy.Lemon . Zest.Lemon Blossoms . Fidelity in love.LettuceLichen .... . Cold-It eat -tedness. Dejection. Solitude. 26
  28. 28. Lilac, Field . Humility*Lilac, Purple . First emotions of love.Lilac, White . Youthful Innocence.Lily, Day Coquetry. -.Lily, Imperial Majesty.Lily, White . ritrity. Sweetness.Lily, Yellow . Falsehood. Gaiety.Lily of the Valley . Return of happiness.Linden or Lime Trees Conjugal love.Lint I feel my obligations.Live Oak L iberty.Liverwort Confidence.Licorice, Wild I declare against yon.Lobelia . Malevolence.Locust Tree . Elegance.Locust Tree (green Affection beyond the grave.London Pride Frivolity.Lote Tree Concord.Lotus Eloquence.Lotus Flower . Estranged love.Lotus Leaf Recantation.Love in a Mist Perplexity.Love lies Bleeding . Hopeless^ not heartless.Lucern . . Life.Lupine . Voraciousness. Ita ina tion.
  29. 29. Bladder . Calumny.Magnolia Love of MMagnolia, Swamp . Perseverance.Mallow . Mildness..Mallow, Marsh Beneficence.Mallow, Syrian Consumed by Itrve.Mallow, Venetian . Indicate beauty.Manchineal Tree . Falsehood.Mandrake Horror.Maple Reset-je.Marigold. Grief.Marigold, African . I nlgar minds.Marigold, French . Jealousy.Marigold, Prophetic Prediction.Marigold and Cypress Despair.Marjoram Blushes.Marvel of Peru Timidity. 28
  30. 30. Meadow LychnN . Wit.Meadow Saffron My Itst nays arr pa.sf.MeadowsweetMercury ....Mesembryanthemum Usclessness. Goodness. Idleness.Mezereon . . . , Desire to please.Michaelmas Daisy . . {ftertlwught.Mignionette . Your qualities surpass n>ur cliarms.Milfoil . War.Milkvetch Your presence softens my painsMilkwort . . . . Hermitage.Mimosa (Sensitive Plant) Sensitiveness.Mint Virtue.Mistletoe . / surmount difficulties.Mock Orange . Counterfeit.Monkshood (Helmet Flower). Ch iva Iry. Kn iglit-ei -ra n try.Moon wort . Forgetfulness.Morning Glory Affectation.MoschatelMossMosses .... Weakness. .Maternal lore. Ennui.Mossy Saxifrage Affection.Mother wort . Concealed love.Mountain Ash Prudence.Mourning Bride Lnfortunate attachment. / have lost all.Mouse-eared Chick weed Ingenuous simplicity.Mouse-eared Scorpion Gra?> . Forget me not.Moving Plant . Agitation.Mud wort . Tranquillity.Mugwort Happiness.Mulberry Tree (Black) . I shall not survive you.Mulberry Tree f White/ . Wisdom.Mushroom . . . . Suspicion .Musk Plant . Weakness.Mustard Seed Indfference.Myrobalan Privation.Myrrh . Gladness.Mvrtle . Love. 29
  31. 31. Narcissus Egotism.Nasturtium Patriotism.Nettle, Burning Slander.Nettle Tree . Concert.Night-blooming Cereu. Transient beauty.Night Convolvulus Night.Nightshade . Truth.
  32. 32. Oak Leaves . . Bravery.Oak Tree . Hospitality.Oak (White) . Independent.Oats . The witching soul of music-Oleander . Beware.Olive . Peace.Orange Blossoms . Your purity equals your loveliness.Orange Flowers . Chastity. Bridal Jcsti-riiies.Orange Tree . . Generosity.Orchis . A Belle.Osier . Frankness.Osmunda . Dreams.Ox Eye . Patience.
  33. 33. Palm / "ictory.Pansy Thoughts.Parsley . Festivity.Pasque Flower You have no claims.Passion Flower Religions superstition.Patience Dock Patience.Pea, Everlasting An appointed mceti>;. Lasting I leas lire.Pea, Sweet Departure.Peach . Your qualities, like your charms, are unequalled.Peach Blossom I am your captive.Pear Affection.Pear Tree Comfort.Pennyroyal Flee away.Peony Shame. Bashfillness. Uarnith of feeling.PeppermintPeriwinkle, Blue Early friendship.Periwinkle, White Pleasures of memory.Persicaria Restoration. 32
  34. 34. Persimon Bury me amid Natures beauties. Peruvian Heliotrope Devotion. Pheasants Eye Remembrance. Phlox . Unanimity. Pigeon Berry . Indifference. Pimpernel Change. Assignation. Pine Pity. Pine-apple You are perfect. Pine, Pitch Philosophy. Pine, Spruce . Hope in adversity.Pink Boldness.Pink, Carnation Womans love.Pink, Indian, Double Always lovely.Pink, Indian, Single Aversion.Pink, Mountain Aspiring.Pink, Red, Double Pure and ardent love.Pink, Single . Pure love.Pink, Variegated . Refusal.Pink, White . Ingeniousness. Talent.Plane Tree Genius.Plum, Indian . Privation.Plum Tree Fidelity.Plum, Wild . Independence.Polyanthus Pride of riches.Polyanthus, Crimson The hearts mystery.Polyanthus, Lilac . Confidence.Pomegranate . Foolishness.Pomegranate, Flower Mature elegance.Poplar, Black Courage.Poplar, White Time.Poppy, Red . Consolation.Poppy, Scarlet Fantastic extravagance.Poppy, White Sleep. My bane. My antidote.Potato Benevolence. 33
  35. 35. Satire.Prickly Pear . .Pride of China . Dissension.Primrose . Early youth.Primrose, Evening , Inconstancy.Primrose, Red . Un/>atronizcd merit.Privet . Prohibition. Provident.Purple Clover . . Fairies fire.Pyrus Japonica 34
  36. 36. I Quaking-Grass Agitation. Quamoclit Busybody. Queens Rocket . You are the queen of coquettes. Fashion. Quince . Temptation. 35
  37. 37. Ragged Robin Wit.Ranunculus . Yon are radiant with charms.Ranunculus, Garden Yon arc rich in attractions.Ranunculus, Wild . Ingratitude.Raspberry Remorse. Iicc.Ray GrassRed Catchfly . Youthful love.Reed Complaisance. Music.Reed, Split . Indiscretion.Rhododendron (Rosebay) Danger. Beware.Rhubarb Advice.Rocket . Rivalry.Rose Love.Rose, Austrian Thoit art all that is lovely.Rose, Bridal . Happy love.Rose, Burgundy Unconscious beauty.Rose, Cabbage A mbassador of love.Rose, Campion Only deserve my love.Rose, Carolina Love is dangerous.Rose, China . Beauty always new.Rose, Christmas Tranquillize my anxiety.
  38. 38. Rose, Daily . Thy smile I aspire to.Rose, Damask Brilliant complexion.Rose, Deep Red Bashful shame.Rose, Dog Pleasure and pain.Rose, Guelder Winter. Age.Rose, Hundred-leaved . Pride.Rose, Japan . Beauty is your only attraction.Rose, Maiden Blush If you love me, you mill find it out.Rose, Multiflora . Grace.Rose, Mundi . Variety.Rose, Musk . Capricious beauty.Rose, Musk, Cluster Charming.Rose, Single . Simplicity.Rose, Thornless Early attachment.Rose, Unique Call me not beautiful.Rose, White . I am worthy of you.Rose, Yellow ....Rose, White (withered) . Transient impressions. Decrease of love. Jealously. War.Rose, York and LancasterRose, Full-blown, placed over two Buds Secrecy.Rose, White and Red together. . Unity.Roses, Crown of - Reward of virtue.Rosebud, Red Pure and lovely.Rosebud, White . Girlhood.Rosebud, Moss Confession of love.Rosebay (Rhododendron) Beware. Danger.Rosemary Remembrance.Rudbeckia Justice.Rue Disdain.Rush Docility.Rye Grass Changeable disposition 37
  39. 39. Saffron . . Beware of excess.Saffron Crocus . Mirth.Saffron, Meadow . . My happiest days arc past.Sage . Domestic virtue.Sage, Garden . . Esteem.Sainfoin . . Agitation.Saint Johns Wort . . Animosity. Superstition.Sardony . . Irony.Saxifrage, Mossy . . Affection.Scabious . . Unfortunate lore.Scabious, Sweet Widowhood.Scarlet Lychnis . Sunbeaming eyes.Schinus . . Religions enthusiasm.Scotch Fir . Elevation.Sensitive Plant . Sensibility. Delicate feelings.Senvy . Indifference.Shamrock . Light heariedness.Snakesfoot Horror.
  40. 40. Snapdragon I resumption.Snowball Bound.Snowdrop Hope.Sorrel Affection.Sorrel, Wild . Wit ill-timed.Sorrel, Wood . Joy-Southernwood Jest. Bantering.Spanish Jasmine Sensuality.Spearmint llarmth of sentiment.Speedwell Female fidelity.Speedwell, Germander Facility.Speedwell. Spiked . Semblance.Spider, Ophrvs Adroitness.Spiderwort Esteem not lore.Spiked Willow Herb Pretension.Spindle Tree . Your charms arc engraven on my heart.Star of Bethlehem . Purity.Starwort . Aftertho ugh t.Starwort, American Cheerfulness in old age.Stock Lasting beauty.Stock, Ten Week Promptness.Stonecrop Tranquillity.Straw, Broken Rupture of a contract.Straw, Whole . Union.Strawberry Tree Esteem and lore.Sumach, Venice Splendour. Intellectual excellence.Sunflower, Dwarf . Adoration.Sunflower, Tall Haughtiness.Swallow-wort . Cure for heartache.Sweet Basil . Good wishes.Sweetbrier, American Simplicity.Sweetbrier, European I ivound to heal.Sweetbrier, Yellow Decrease of love.Sweet Pea Delicate pleasures.Sweet Sultan . Felicity.Sweet William Gallantry.Sycamore Curiosity.Syringa . Memory.Syringa, Carolina . Disappointment. 39
  41. 41. Tamarisk . Crime. I declare war against youTansy (Wild).TeaselTendrils of .... . Misan th ropy. Climbing Plants Ties.Thistle, Common A usterity.Thistle, Fullers . Misan th ropy*Thistle, Scotch . Retaliation.Thorn Apple Deceitful charms.Thorn, Branch of Severity.Thrift Sympathy.Throat wort . Neglected beaiity.Thyme. Activity.Tiger Flower For once may pride befriend me.Travellers Joy . Safety.Tree of Life Old age.Trefoil . Revenge. 40
  42. 42. Tremella Nestoc Resistance.Trillium Pictum Modest beauty.Truffle . Surprise.Trumpet Flower . Fame.Tuberose Dangerous pleasures.Tulip Fame.Tulip, Red . Declaration of love.Tulip, Variegated . Beautiful eyes.Tulip, Yellow Homeless love.Turnip . Charity.Tussilage (Sweet-scented) Justice shall be done you.
  43. 43. Valerian . . An accommodating disposition.Valerian, Greek . R up t tire.Venice Sumach . Intellectual excellence Splendour.Venus Car . Fly unth me.Venus Looking-glass . Flattery.Venus Trap . Deceit.Vernal Grass . . Poor, but happy.Veronica . . Fidelity.Vervain . Enchantment.Vine . Intoxication.Violet, Blue . Faithfulness.Violet, Dame . Il ra tchfu In ess.Violet, Su-eet . . Modesty.Violet, Yellow . Rural happiness.Virginian Spiderwort . Momentary happiness. BowerVirgins . . Filial lore.Volkamenia . May yon be happy.
  44. 44. Walnut Intellect. Stratagem.Wall-flower . Fidelity in adversity.Water Lily Purity of heart.Water Melon . Bulkiness.Wax Plant Susceptibility.Wheat Stalk . Riches.Whin Anger.White Jasmine A miableness.White Lily Purity and Modesty.White Mullein . Good nature.White Oak Independence.White Pink Talent.White Poplar . Time.White Rose (dried) Death preferable to loss of innocence.Whortleberry . Treason.Willow, Creeping Love forsaken.Willow, Water Freedom. 43
  45. 45. Willow, Weeping . Mourning.Willow-Herb . . Pretension.Willow, French . Bravery and humanity.Winter Cherry . Deception.Witch Hazel . . A spell.Woodbine . Fraternal love.Wood Sorrel . Joy. Maternal tenderness.Wormwood A bsence. 44
  46. 46. Xanthium Ruaeness. Pertinacity.Xeranthemum Cheerfulness under adversity. 45
  47. 47. Yew . Sorrow
  48. 48. Zephyr Flower Expectation.Zinnia . Thoughts of absent friends 47
  49. 49. Absence Wormwood.Abuse not Croc-ns.Acknowledgment . Canterbury Bell.Activity Thyme.Admiration . Amethyst.Adoration Dwarf SunflowerAdroitness Spider Ophrys.Adulation Cacalia.Advice . Rhubarb.Affection Mossy Saxifrage.Affection Pear.Affection Sorrel.Affection beyond the grave Green Locust.Affection, maternal Cinquefoil.Affectation . Cockscomb An;aranth.Affectation . Morning Glory.Afterthought Michaelmas Daisy.Afterthought Starwort.Afterthought China Aster.Agreement Straw.Age . . . Guelder Rose.Agitation Moving Plant.Agitation Sainfoin.Alas ! for my poor heart Deep Red Carnation.Always cheerful . Coreopsis.Always lovely Indian Pink (double).Ambassador of love Cabbage Rose. 48
  50. 50. LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS. Amiability Anger ..... .... . Jasmine. Whin. Animosity Anticipation .... St. Johns Gooseberry. Wort.Anxious and tremblingArdourArgument ..... . . Red Columbine. Cuckoo Plant. Fig.Arts or artifice Acanthus.Assiduous to please Sprig of Ivy with tendrils.AssignationAttachment .... .... . Pimpernel. Indian Jasmine.AudacityAvariceAversion ..... .... Larch. Scarlet Auricula. China or Indian Pink.BanteringBaseness .... .... Sou thernwood. Dodder of Thyme.Bashfulness . Peony.Bashful shame Deep Red Rose.Beautiful eyesBeautyBeauty always new ..... Variegated Tulip. Party-coloured Daisy. China Rose.Beauty, capricious Ladys Slipper.Beauty, capricious Musk Rose.Beauty, delicate . Floiuer of an Hour.Beauty, delicate . Hibiscus.Beauty, divine A merican Cowslip.Beauty, glorious . Glory Flower.Beauty, lasting Stock.Beauty, magnificent Calla SEthiopica.Beauty, mental Clematis.Beauty, modest Trillium Pictum.Beauty, neglected Tliroatwort.Beauty, pensive . Laburnum.Beauty, rustic French Honeysuckle.Beauty, unconscious Burgundy Rose.Beauty is your only attraction Jaf>an Rose.BelleBe mine . .... . Orchis. Four-leaded Clover.BeneficenceBenevolence .... . JIarshmallow. Potato.BetrayedBeware .... ... White Catchfty. Oleander,BewareBlackness . .... Rosebay. Ebony Tree.BluntnessBlushes .... .... Borage. Marjoram.! i^terBoldnessBonds . .... Hydrangea. Pink. Convolvulus. 49
  51. 51. LANGUAGE .OF FLOWERS.Bonds of AffectionBraveryBravery and humanity .... Gillyflower. Oak Leaves. French II illon.*.Bridal favour Ivy Geranium.Brilliant complexion Damask AV.v< .Bulk llater J lelon. Count. .Busybody . . . . . Quamoclit.Bury me amid Natures beauties Persimon.Call me not beautiful . Rose Unig I H-.Calm repose . Buckbecui.Calumny Hellebore.Calumny . . Madder.Change . Pimpernel.Changeable disposition Rye Grass.Charity.CharmingCharms, ....... . deceitful . . Turnip. Cluster of Musk Roses. Thorn Apple.Cheerfulness in old age American Stanvort.Cheerfulness under adversity Ch inese Ch rysa n th eiiiitw.Chivalry Monkshood (Helmet Flower).Cleanliness . Hyssop.Coldheartedness . Lettuce.Coldness . . Agnus Castus.Colour of my life . . . . Coral Honeysuckle.Come down . . . Jacobs Ladder.ComfortComfortingCompassion . .... . Pear Tree. Scarlet Geranium. A llspice.Concealed love . . . Motherwort.Concert . Nettle Tree.Concord Lote Tree.Confession of love Moss Rosebud.Confidence . Hepatic a.ConfidenceConfidence ... .Confidence in Heaven . Lilac Polyanthus. Liverwort. Flowering Reed.Conjugal love Limf, or Linden Trif.Consolation . Red Poppy.Constancy . . Bluebell.Consumed by love . Syrian Mallow.Counterfeit . Mock Orange.CourageCrimeCure ...... . . Black Poplar. Tajitarisk. Balm of Gilead.Cure for heartache Swallow-wort.Curiosity Sycamore.Danger Rhododendron. Rosebay.Dangerous Pleasures .
  52. 52. LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.Death Cypress.Death preferable to loss of innocence White Rose (dried).Deceit Apocynnm.Deceit Flytrap.Deceit Dogsbane.Deceitful charms . Thorn Apple.Deception White Cherry Tree.Declaration of love Red Tulip.Decrease of loveDelayDelicacy . . . . ... . . Yellow Rose. Eupatorium. Bluebottle. Centauiy.Dejection L ichcn.Desire to please . Mezereon.Despair Cypress.DespondencyDevotionDifficulty ..... . .... Humble Plant. Pemvian Heliotrope. Blackthorn.Dignity Cloves.Dignity . . Laurel-leaved Magnolia..DisappointmentDisdainDisdain . .... . ... Carolina Syrinsa. Yellow Carnation. Rue.DisgustDissensionDistinction ... . Frog Ophrys. Pride of China. Cardinal Flowtf,DistrustDivine beautyDocility .... .... Lavender. American Cowslip. Rush.Domestic industry Flax.Domestic virtueDurabilityDuration ..... . . ... . . Sage. Dogwood. Cornel Tree.Early attachment . Thornless RosrEarly friendship . Blue Periwinkle.Early youthElegance ..... .Elegance and grace Primrose. Locust Tree. Yello~M Jasmine.Elevation . Scotch Fir.EloquenceEnchantmentEnchantment . .... Indian Lagerstr&mia,. Holly Herb. I et~ain.EnergyEnvy ..... in adversity ...... Camomile. Bramble.ErrorError ...... ... Bee Ophrys. Fly Orchis.EsteemEsteem not loveEsteem and love . .... Garden Sage. Spiderwort. Strawberry Tree.Estranged love Lotus Flower.
  53. 53. LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.ExcellenceExpectationExpectation ..... ... Camellia Japonica. A nemone. Zephyr Flower.Extent ......Expected meetingExtinguished hopes Nutmeg Geranium. Gourd. Major Convolvulus,Facility .....Fairies fire . . . Germander Speedwell. Pyrus Japonica.FaithfulnessFaithfulness..... ..... Blue Violet. Heliotrope.FalsehoodFalsehoodFalsehood ..... ..... Buglass. Yellow Lily. Manchineal Tree.Fame Tulip. Trumpet Flower.Fame speaks him great and good Apple Blossom.Farewell .....Fantastic extravagance ..... Scarlet Poppy. Michaelmas Daisy.FascinationFascination ..... ..... Fern. Honesty.FashionFecundityFelicity ... .... Queens Rocket. Hollyhock. Sweet Sultan.FemaleFestivity ..... fidelity ..... Speedwell. Parsley.FicklenessFickleness ..... ..... Abatina. Pink Larkspur.Filial loveFidelityFidelity .... .... Virgins bower. Veronica. Ivy. Plum Tree.Fidelity in adversityFidelity in loveFire . . .... . , . . Wall-flower. Lemon Blossoms. Fleur-de-L uce.Flame ......First emotions of love ..... . Purple Lilac. Fleur-de-lis. Iris.FlatteryFlee awayFly with me ..... . Venus Looking-glass. Pennyroyal. Venus Car.FollyFopperyFoolishness ..... ..... Columbine. Cockscomb Amaranth. Pomegranate.ForesightForgetfulnessForget me not .... Holly. Moonwort. Forget Me Not.Forsaken .....For once may pride befriend ..... me . Tiger Flower. Garden Anemone.ForsakenFranknessFraternal love ..... Laburnum. Osier. Woodbine.Freedom Water Willow.
  54. 54. LANGUAGE OF FLOWKRS.FreshnessFriendship .... .Friendship, early . . . Damask Acacia. Rose. Blue Periwinkle.Friendship, true . Oak-leaved Geranium.Friendship, unchanging Arbor Vita.FrivolityFrugality .... London Pride. Chicory. Endive.Gaiety ..... ..... Butterfly Orchis.GaietyGallantryGenerosity .... .... Yellow Lily. Sweet William. Orange Tree.Genius .....Generous and devoted affection .... French Honeysuckle. Plane Tree.GentilityGirlhood .... .... Corn Cockle. White Rosebud.GladnessGloryGlory ..... Myrrh. Bay Tree. Laurel.GoodnessGoodness ....Glorious beauty .... . Glory FloMer. Bonus Mercury. Henrietta. ....Good education ....Good wishes . Cherry Tree. Sweet Bazil.GossipGrace .....Goodnature ..... White Mullein. Cobcea. Multtflora Rose.GrandeurGratitude ....Grace and elegance Yellow Jasmine. Ask Tree. Small White Bell-flower.Grief Harebell.Grief Marigold. Happy love . . Bridal Rose.Hatred . . . . . Basil.Haughtiness . . . . Purple Larkspur.Haughtiness Tall Sunflower.HealthHermitage .... Iceland Moss. Milkwort.HonestyHope ....Hidden worth Coriander. Honesty. Flowering A Imond.HopeHopeHope ..... in adversity Hawthorn. Snowdrop. Spruce Pine.Hopeless love Yellow Tulip.HorrorHorror .....Hopeless, not heartless ..... Love Lies Bleeding. Mandrake. Dragonswort.Horror . Snakesfoot. 53
  55. 55. LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.Hospitality Oak Tree.Humility Broom.Humility Small Bindweed.Humility Field Lilac. am too happy . Cape yasinine. am your captive Peach Blossom. am worthy of you . . White Rose. change but in death . Bay Leaf. declare against you . Belvedere. declare against you . Liquorice.II die if neglected .... declare war against you desire a return of affection Wild Tansy. Laurestina. Jonquil.[ feel my obligations . Lint.I feelI your kindness have lost all ... .... Flax. Mourning Bride.III live for love ...... thee partake of your sentiments Cedar Leaf. Red Chrysanthemum. Double China Aster.I partake your sentiments . Garden Daisy.I shall die to-morrow . Gum Cistits.I shall not survive you Black Alulberry.I surmount difficulties . Mistletoe.I will think of it . Single China Aster.II will think of it . wound to heal .... Wild Daisy. Eglantine (Swecttrier).IdlenessIll-natured beauty .....If you love me, you will find it out Maiden Blush Rose. Mesembryanthemum. Citron.Imagination . . . L upine. AmaranthImmortalityImpatience .Impatient of absence ... . Yellow Balsam. Corchorus. (Globe).Impatient resolves Red Balsam.ImperfectionImportunityInconstancy ..... ..... Henbane. Burdock. Evening Primrose.IncorruptibleIndependence .... .... Cedar of Lebanon. Wild Plum Tree.IndependenceIndifferenceIndifference ..... . . . White Oak. Ever/lowering Candytuft. Mustard Seed.Indifference . Pigeon Berry.Indifference . . Senvy.Indiscretion . . . . Split Reed.Industry Red Clover.Industry, Domestic Flax.Ingeniousness White Pink.Ingenuity Pencilled Geranium. 54
  56. 56. LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.Ingenuous simplicity . Mouse-cared Ckickweed.Ingratitude . . . . Crowfoot.Innocence . Daisy.Insincerity . Foxglove.Insinuation . Great Bindweed.Inspiration . A ngelica.Instability Dahlia.Intellect . . . . Walnut.Intoxication . Vine.Irony . Sardony.Jealousy . French Marigold.Jealousy Yellow Rose.Jest Southernwood.Joy Wood Sorrel.Joys to come Lesser Celandine.Justice . . . . . Rudbeckia.Justice shall be done to you Coltsfoot.Justice shall be done t Sweet-scented Tussilage,Knight-errantry . Helmet Flower (Monkskood).Lamentation A sport Tree.Lasting beauty Stock.Lasting pleasures . Everlasting Pea.Let me go Butterfly Weed.Levity . Larkspur.Liberty Live Oak.Life Lucern.Lightheartedness . Shamrock.Lightness Larkspur."..ive for me . Arbor Vitce. ,ove Myrtle. Rose. ..ove, forsaken Creeping Willow..yove, returned A nibrosia. >ove is dangerous Carolina Rose.Lustre . Aconite-leaved Crowfoot, or air Maid of France.Luxury. Chesnut Tree.Magnificent beauty Calla &thiopica.Majesty Crown Imperial.Malevolence Lobelia.Marriage Ivy.Maternal affection Cinquefoil.Maternal love Moss.Maternal tendernc-^ Wood Sorrel.Matrimony . A merican L inden.May you he happy Volkamtnia. 55
  57. 57. LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.Meanness Cuscuta.Meekness Birch.Melancholy . Dark Geranium.Melancholy . Dead Leaves.Mental beauty Clematis.Mental beauty Kennedia.Message . . . Iris.Mildness Mallow.Mirth . Saffron Crocus.Misanthropy. A conite (H olfsbatit j.Misanthropy. fullers J easel.Modest beauty Trillium Pic turn.Modest genius Creeping Cerens.Modesty Violet.Modesty and purity White Lily.^Momentary happiness . Virginian Spidertsjort.MourningMusic .... . . . Weeping Willow. Bundles of Reed with their panicles.My best days are past . Colch icwn,orMea doiv SaffronMy regrets follow you to the grave Asphodel.Neatness .....Neglected beauty Broom. Throatwort.Never-ceasing remembrance Everlasting.Old ageOnly deserve ..... my love . Tree of L ife. Campion Rose. A donis. ...Painful recollectionsPainting Flos A uric-ula.Passion ......Painting the lily .... . Daphne Odora. White Dittany.Patience ......Paternal errorPatriotism Cardamine. Dock. Ox American Elm. Eye.Patriotism Nasturtium.Peace . Olive.Perfected loveliness Camellia Japonica. White.Perfidy .... .....Pensive beauty Common Laurel, in flower. Laburnum.PerplexityPersecution ..... .... a Mist. Lcruc in Chequered Fritillary.PerseverancePersuasion ..... ..... Swamp Magnolia. Althea Frutex.PersuasionPertinacityPity ..... Syrian Mallow. Clotbur. Pine.Pleasure and pain Dog Rose.Pleasure, lasting . . . . Everlasting Pea.
  58. 58. LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS. Pleasures of memory IVkite Periwinkle. Popular favour Cistas, or Rock Rose. Poverty- Evergreen Clematis. Power . Imperial Montague. Power . Cress.Precaution . Golden Rod.Prediction Prophetic Marigold.Pretension SpiKed Willow Herb.Pride . . . Amaryllis.Pride . Hundred-leaved Rose.Privation Indian Plum.Privation Myrobalan.Profit Cabbage.Prohibition . Privet.Prolific . Fig Tree.Promptness . Ten-week Stock.Prosperity Beech Tree.Protection Bearded Crepis.Prudence Mountain Ask.Pure love SingleRed Pink.Pure and ardent love Double Red Pink.Pure and lovely . Red Rosebud.Purity . Star of Bethlehem.Quarrel . Broken Corn-straw.Quicksightedness , Hawkweed.Reason . Goafs Rue.Recantation . Lotus Leaf.Recall . Silver-leaved Geranium.Reconciliation Filbert.Reconciliation Hazel.Refusal . Striked Carnation.Regard . Daffodil.Relief . . . Balm of Gilead.Relieve my anxiety Christmas Rose.Religious superstition Aloe.Religious superstition Passion Flower.Religious enthusiasm Schinus.Remembrance Rosemary.Remorse Bramble.Remorse Raspberry.Rendezvous . . . Chick-weed.Reserve Maple.Resistance . Trcmella Nestoc.Restoration . Persicaria.Retaliation . Scotch Thistle.Return of happiness Lily of the Valley.Revenge Birdsfoot Trefoil.Reveri- Flowering Fern. 57
  59. 59. LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.Reward of merit . Bay Wreath.Reward of virtue. Garland of Roses.Riches . Corn.Rigour . L antana.Rivalry. Rocket.Rudeness Clotbur.Rudeness Xanthium.Rural happiness . Yellow Violet.Rustic beauty French Honeysuckle.Rustic oracle Dandelion.Sadness Dead Leaves.Safety . Traveller s Joy.Satire . Prickly Pear.Sculpture Hoya.Secret Love . Yellow Acacia.Semblance . Spiked Speedwell.Sensitiveness Mimosa.Sensuality . Spanish Jasmine.Separation . Carolina Jasmine.SeverityShameSharpness .... Branch of Thorns. Peony. Barberry Tree.Sickness . Anemone (Zephyr Flower).Silliness Fools Parsley.Simplicity American Siveetbrier.Sincerity Garden Chervil.Slighted love Yellow Chrysanthemum.Snare . Catchjiy. Dragon Plant.Solitude Heath.Sorrow . Ye-w.Sourness of Temper Barberry.SpellSpleen .... .Splendid beauty . Circcea. Fumitory. Amaryllis.Splendour . A usturtinm.Sporting Fox-tail Grass.Stedfast Piety Wild Geranium.Stoicism Box Tree.Strength Cedar. Fennel.Submission . Grass.Submission . Harebell.Success crown your wishes , Coronella.Succour Juniper.Sunbeaming eyes Scarlet Lychnis.Surprise Truffle.Susceptibility U ax Plant.Suspicion Champignon.Sympathy . Balm.Sympathy . Thrift.
  60. 60. LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.TalentTardinessTaste ..... . ...... White Pink. Flax-leaved Goldy-lo^ks. Scarlet Fuchsia.Tears . . Helenium.TemperanceTemptationThankfulness .... .... Azalea. Apple. Agrimony.The colour of my fate . Coral Honeysuckle.The hearts mystery . Crimson Polyanthus.The perfection of female loveliness Justicia.The witching soul of music Oats.Thoughts . Pansy.Thoughts of absent friends Zinnia.Thy frown will kill me , Currant.ThyTiesTimidity ....... smile I aspire to . . . . . Daily Rose. Tendrils of Climbing Plants. Amaryllis.Timidity Marvel of Pent.Time . ....Tranquillity.Tranquillity. . White Poplar. Mudwort. Stonecrop.Tranquillize my anxiety Christmas Rose.Transient beauty. Night-blooming Cerent.Transient impressions . Withered White Rose.Transport of joy . Caf>e Jasmine.Treachery . . . Bilberry.True love . . Forget Me Not.TruthTruth ......True Friendship . . Oak-leaved Geranium. Bittersweet Nightshade. White Chrysanthemum.UnanimityUnbelief ..... . .... Phlox. Judas Tree.Unceasing remembrance A merican Cudweed.Unchanging friendship Arbor Vitie.Unconscious beauty . Burgundy Rose.Unexpected meeting . Lemon Geranium.Unfortunate attachment Mourning Bride.LTnionUnity ......Unfortunate love. . . Scabious. Whole Straw. White and Red Rose together.Utility. .....Unpatronized meritUselessness Red Primrose. . Meadowsweet. Grass.Variety China Aster.VarietyViceVictory .... Mundi Rose. Darnel (Ray Grass), Palm.Virtue . Mint. 59
  61. 61. LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.Virtue, Domestic.Volubility ... ... ...... Sage. Abecedary.VoraciousnessVulgar Minds ...... Lupine. African Marigold.War . York and Lancaster Rose.WarWarlike trophy .... ..... . Achillea Millefolia. Indian Cress.Warmth ...... of feeling .......Watchfulness Peppcrm in t. Dame Violet.WeaknessWeakness ....... .... Moschatel. Musk Plant.Widowhood. ......Welcome to a stranger ..... A merican Starwort. Sweet Scabious. .........Win me and wear me Ladys Slipper.Winning graceWinterWit .... Cowslip. Guelder Rose. Meadow Lychnis.Wit ill-timed Wild Sorrel.WitchcraftWorth beyond beauty ..... Enchanter s Nightshade. Sweet Alyssum.Worthy affection all . praise .....Worth sustained by judicious and tender ..... Pink Convolvulus, fennel.You are cold Hortensia.You are my divinity . American Cowslip.You are perfect . Pine Apple.You are radiant with charms Ranunculus.You are rich in attractions . Garden Ranunculus.You are the queen of coquettes . Queen s Rocket.You have no claimsYou please allYou will be my death ..... .... Pasque Flower. Branch of Currants. Hemlock.YourYourYour charms are engraven on looks freeze me .... my heart presence softens my pains . Spindle Tree. Ice Plant. Milkvetch.Your purity equals your loveliness Orange Blossoms.Your qualities, like your charms, are unequalled . Peach.Your qualities surpass .... .... your charms . Mi^nionette. ....Youthful innocence White Lilac.Youthful love Red Catchfiy.Zealousness Elder.Zest Lemon. 60

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