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Aesthetics

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Slides for a First Year introduction to aesthetics focusing on the problems of Donald Judd's dictum. The slides relate to my chapter entitled "Art Worlds" in Exploring Visual Culture: Definitions, ...

Slides for a First Year introduction to aesthetics focusing on the problems of Donald Judd's dictum. The slides relate to my chapter entitled "Art Worlds" in Exploring Visual Culture: Definitions, Concepts, Contexts, edited by Matthew Rampley. Published University of Edinburgh Press, 2005

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Aesthetics Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Aesthetics
  • 2. "If someone calls it art, it's art.” Donald Judd, “Art After Philosophy I”, Studio International , October 1969, p.134-7.
  • 3. Martin Elliot Tennis Girl (1970) Jeff Koons Policeman and Bear (1988)
  • 4. Renaissance 'Renaissance men’ Liberal arts
  • 5. Michelangelo Buonarroti, Sistine Chapel Vault , Vatican City, (1508-12).
  • 6. 1) C.P. Snow's 1959 Rede Lecture "The Two Cultures" - split between art and science at the end of the 18th Century.
  • 7. Joseph Wright of Derby An Experiment on a Bird in an Air-Pump ( 1768)
  • 8. 2) Rise of Aesthetic Modernism Primarily visual rather than intellectual? Irrational and sublime? Not science? Taste = value?
  • 9. James Abbott McNeill Whistler, 'Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket', (1875).
  • 10. 3) With the rise of mercantile capitalism, the artist gains a sense of autonomy from the world. Artists split from their patrons with the introduction of art dealers and the art market. This increases the sense that fine art is a separate realm from the rest of culture - the illusion of 'aesthetic autonomy' (artistic self-sufficiency). This created the view of art we know as formalism or FUNCTIONALISM . Idea associated with Immanuel Kant , Clive Bell , Clement Greenberg among others and aestheticism : The idea that something is art because it performs particular functions, for example creating a feeling of elation.
  • 11. Morris Louis Floral , (1959)
  • 12. Some benefits of functionalism: · Easy to understand; suggests that art is sensory, to see it is to believe it. · Might have a democratising effect since it requires no knowledge of art history or theory. · Confirms our basic responses to art (e.g. hairs standing on your neck when listening to music).
  • 13. Some problems with functionalism: · Aesthetic effects can be produced by non-man made phenomena (e.g. noise, rust) and therefore are not specific to art. As such the presence of an aesthetic effect is not enough to justify something's arthood.
  • 14. Some problems with functionalism: · It is narrow: leaves out history, ideas, meaning, representation, etc. · It is idealist and mystifying, sees art and artists as ‘special’. Clearly what we currently call ‘art’ (at least in Europe) is the product of the historical events described in points 1-3. It is not how art has always been viewed and therefore is not a universal definition of art.
  • 15. Piero Manzoni , The Artist's Shit , (1961).
  • 16. Andy Warhol Brillo Boxes (1964) Another view of art is known as PROCEEDURALISM (more commonly known as the institutional theory of art ). Idea associated with Arthur Danto , George Dickie , and Pierre Bourdieu .
  • 17. Marcel Duchamp Fountain (1917)
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20. Martin Creed
  • 21. the whole world + the work = the whole world Martin Creed, Work No. 232 (2000)