Session 3 concentration

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Session 3 concentration

  1. 1. Sport Psychology Session 3 - Concentration
  2. 2. Session Objectives <ul><li>Identify 3 components of concentration </li></ul><ul><li>Describe why certain sports require different levels of concentration </li></ul>
  3. 3. Re-cap (Session 2) <ul><li>How can the use of sport psychology improve sporting performance? </li></ul><ul><li>Who uses sport psychology? </li></ul><ul><li>Give 5 examples of when sport psychology has been used in a sporting situation </li></ul>
  4. 4. Concentration <ul><li>Concentration is the ability to maintain focus on relevant environmental cues. </li></ul><ul><li>Being able to focus on a task in hand </li></ul><ul><li>If the athlete lacks concentration then their athletic abilities will not be effectively or efficiently applied to the task </li></ul>
  5. 5. Activity 1 <ul><li>Do you think concentration is essential in sport?, if so why? Give examples </li></ul>
  6. 6. Concentration <ul><li>Concentration could be the difference between </li></ul><ul><li>winning: </li></ul><ul><li>& losing </li></ul>
  7. 7. Concentration <ul><li>Concentration is seen to have 3 parts : </li></ul><ul><li>Focusing on relevant environmental cues </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining attentional Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Situation Awareness </li></ul>
  8. 8. Environmental Cues <ul><li>AKA – Selective Attention </li></ul><ul><li>Irrelevant cues are disregarded </li></ul><ul><li>What relevant/irrelevant cues are their during a free throw in Basketball? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Maintaining Attentional Focus <ul><li>It is ok to have that concentration, however it is another thing to sustain it over time </li></ul><ul><li>Some athletes have moments of greatness but few can sustain it for an entire competition </li></ul>
  10. 10. Situation Awareness <ul><li>The most important factor of concentration </li></ul><ul><li>This ability will allow players to size up game situations, opponents and competition to make appropriate decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>In what sports should players have good situation awareness? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Activity 2 <ul><li>The demand for concentration varies with the sport: Complete the table </li></ul>Intense Concentration Short busts of Concentration Sustained Concentration
  12. 12. Answers Bobsleigh Golf Tennis Sprinting Cricket Marathon Running Intense Concentration Short busts of Concentration Sustained Concentration
  13. 13. Types of attentional focus <ul><li>Different sports require different types of attentional focus (concentration) dependant upon that activity being played </li></ul><ul><li>Broad / Narrow continuum - the athlete focuses on a large or small number of stimuli </li></ul><ul><li>Internal / External continuum - the athlete focuses on internal stimuli (feelings) or external stimuli (ball) </li></ul>
  14. 14. BROAD NARROW EXTERNAL INTERNAL DIRECTION WIDTH
  15. 15. Session Objectives <ul><li>Identify 3 components of concentration </li></ul><ul><li>Describe why certain sports require different levels of concentration </li></ul>

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