Farming Model Answers


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Farming Model Answers

  1. 1. <ul><li>Farming - map question G2002 </li></ul><ul><li>What type of farm is Bollin farm 594217 likely to be? </li></ul><ul><li>Give reasons to support your answer </li></ul>Remember: as long as you can JUSTIFY (that is, give reasons) for your choice then there is no wrong answer. Just make sure you’ve got lots of evidence to back up your choice! For example: Arable: most of the land is below 60m (1). It is also on fairly gentle slopes which means machinery could easily be operated (2) Mixed: There is some quite steep land which could be used for grazing (1). The drier and more gentle slopes would have good soil for growing crops (1). Farm types: Arable - mostly flat land, near a market, good road links Mixed - some low and higher/steeper ground Hill sheep farming - steeper, more remote land
  2. 2. <ul><li>Farming - map question C2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest the type of farming found at Canwick Manor farm (993677). </li></ul><ul><li>Give reasons for your choice. </li></ul>This area is suited to arable farming. The land is gently sloping so is good for machinery (2). The fields appear to be large which is also more efficient for machines to be used (2). It is also close to a market in Lincoln for selling products (1).
  3. 3. <ul><li>Farming - map question G2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Pitmain farm is in grid square 7400. What type of farm is this likely to be? </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock </li></ul><ul><li>mixed </li></ul><ul><li>arable </li></ul><ul><li>Give reasons for your answer. </li></ul>The farm is most likely a livestock farm. This is because the land is steep and unsuitable for growing crops (1) or using machinery (1). The steep land also means the soil will be poor (1) so hill sheep could survive on it (1).
  4. 4. <ul><li>Farming C2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Study Reference Diagram Q5 </li></ul><ul><li>Keilor farm is a hill farm producing mainly beef cattle and sheep. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the links between land use and the physical and human factors affecting the farm. </li></ul>Much of the farm is on steep, mountainous land. This tends to be cold, wet and with poorer soils which tend to be better suited to hill sheep farming or growing trees (2). Crop growing doesn’t take place on the low flat land as it may flood and there may be drainage problems (2). The farmer grows crops such as barley and turnips to feed his animals through the winter (1). The trees are grown as he’s given grants by the EU to diversify to raise his income (2). He cannot diversify much more as he’s very remote and away from the main population (2). He’s given grants and subsidies to help keep him farming (1).
  5. 5. <ul><li>Farming - changing landscapes C2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Give reasons for the changes in land use on Clook farm between 1970 and the present day. </li></ul>Fields have been made much bigger to make it easier to use machines (1) and also to raise the yield from the field (1). The cottages have been sold off as machinery and technology have taken over from people so the farmer needs less labourers (2). The farmer can get extra income from renting out the cottages (1). The new crops are grown because of changing demands (1). The land has been set aside as we’re producing too much food today (1) so the EU gives the farmers grants to do this (1). The farmer has introduced leisure facilities to increase his income (1).
  6. 6. <ul><li>Farming - changes in the last 30 years C2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Look at Reference Diagrams Q5A and Q5B. </li></ul><ul><li>Give reasons for the differences between the two farms. </li></ul>Farm A has more animals (livestock) than B because the land is higher (1) and so will be colder and wetter than B which means it’s less suitable for growing crops (2). A has a much higher range in altitude which suggests it has steeper slopes than B so will be less suited to using machinery (1). B has more farm workers to help at harvest time (1) and because the size of the farm is smaller it must be farmed more intensively to make a living (1) so will have higher value crops grown (1).