Secret agreements between the Soviet Union and Germany on dividing the Eastern Europe into spheres of influence
The pact and protocol given as documents
Forced annexation (inclusion) of the Baltic States by the Soviet Union in 1940
Otechestvennaya istoriya XX – nachala XXI vekov . (Native history of the 20.-beginning of the 21. centuries). For 11. form. Edited by A. Chubarian. M.: Prosveshchenie, 2005. - P. 115 “ The protocol was a violation of legal and moral principles, deciding the fate of other countries and peoples behind their backs. In 1989 the Supreme Council of the USSR adopted special resolution, in which the Council condemned the Secret protocol and recognized that the protocol contradicts the norms of international law and moral. The protocol to the Soviet-German pact laid out the foundation for the actions of the Soviet Union in 1939-1941 to include in the composition of the Soviet Union the territories which entered its sphere of interests .”
A. Levandovskii, Yu. Shchetinov Istoria Rossii XX –nachala XXI veka. (History of Russia, 20.-beginnig of the 21. centuries). For 11. form. M.: Prosveshchenie, 2005. - P. 225. The Secret protocol in action “ In September-October 1939 the Stalin’s leadership forced “agreements about mutual assistance” to Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, under which they had to give their military bases to the Soviet Union. The following year, blaming these countries for violation of the agreements, Moscow demanded the establishment of “people’s governments”, controlled by Moscow’s political plenipotentiaries. Soon there were held “elections” to the Seims of Lithuania and Latvia and the State Council of Estonia. There took part the candidates supported by local communist parties and checked by Soviet secret services. The parliaments, elected in this way, addressed with a request to include their countries in the USSR. In the end of August 1940 this request was met and the Soviet Union was added with three new “socialist republics”.
L. Zharova, I. Mishina Istoriya Otechestva. (1900-1940). (History of Fatherland. 1900-1940) For 10. form. SPb: SMIO Press, 2003. - P. 386. “ There was a controversial attitude of population to the new power. There were cases of attacks on Soviet [military] units . There were facts of arbitrariness of Soviet commanders in provinces . It was all there: some adopted the Soviet regime, some did not. For some it was a hope, for some it was a tragedy. But then, in 1940 entering the Soviet Union many workers dreamed about socialism as the regime of social justice, democracy and broad rights of workers. However, imposing the Soviet order was done with brutality, in a hurry, with violation of national traditions and without taking into the consideration local features. As in the rest of the country, in the Baltic states there were repressions, terror and mass deportation ”.
A. Levandovskii, Yu. Shchetinov Istoria Rossii XX –nachala XXI veka. (History of Russia, 20.-beginnig of the 21. centuries). For 11. form. M.: Prosveshchenie, 2005. - P. 225. The Secret protocol in action … On newly acquired lands, where 23 million people lived [together with Western Ukraine, western Belorussia and Romania], there started “socialist transformations”, analogical to those which were held in the USSR at the turn of 1920s-1930s. They were accompanied with terror and deportation of large people’s masses to Siberia ”.
A. Danilov, L. Kosulina, A. Pyzhikov Istoria Rossii XX –nachala XXI veka. (History of Russia, 20.-beginnig of the 21. centuries). For 9. form. M.: Prosveshchenie, 2003. - P. 230. “ The presence of these troops was used for submission of these former parts of Russian empire”