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Latvia Europe Baltic region World Local Territorial  concept of  history teaching  199 5  - 2007
<ul><li>Middle Ages  </li></ul><ul><li>Development of the European states in Middle ages.  </li></ul><ul><li>Christian chu...
<ul><li>Modern history </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in society.  </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance.  </li></ul><ul><li>Reformatio...
<ul><li>Contemporary history </li></ul><ul><li>Development of the World.  </li></ul><ul><li>World  W ar  I .  </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>Why  are the neighbours  reflect ed  in textbooks  (curriculum)  of history in Latvia : </li></ul><ul><li>because ...
X Country, people or n ation   Influence d Latvian history   European , world heritage   Estonia  X   Lithuania  X   Polan...
Lithuania  <ul><li>Ancient balts and ethnic brothers.  </li></ul><ul><li>Great principality   of Lithuania as  a  state  a...
Lithuania
Estonia   <ul><li>Crusades . </li></ul><ul><li>Medieval  Livonia . </li></ul><ul><li>University  of  Tartu .  </li></ul><u...
Estonia
Russia   <ul><li>The  ancient Slavs  as neighbours .  </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion of medieval  Rus sia in Baltic. </li></u...
Russia
Byelorussia  <ul><li>Polotzk kingdom as neighbours .  </li></ul><ul><li>Slavs and Slavic language in  Great kingdom of Lit...
Byelorussia
Poland <ul><li>Battle at Grunvald in 1410.  </li></ul><ul><li>Poland after Lublin union .   </li></ul><ul><li>C ounter-ref...
Poland
Finland <ul><li>Status of Finland in Russian empire as  an  ideal  example  for Latvians.  </li></ul><ul><li>Winter war 19...
Finland
Sweden <ul><li>Vikings .  </li></ul><ul><li>The  Livonian war . </li></ul><ul><li>S wedish  rule  in Nordic Latvia  (Livla...
Sweden
Denmark <ul><li>Vikings . </li></ul><ul><li>The  Livonian war  and short period of Danish  rule  in Kurland . </li></ul><u...
Iceland <ul><li>Egil Scalagrimson in Western Latvia  (Kurland).  </li></ul><ul><li>Vikings in America . </li></ul><ul><li>...
What image of country,  people  or nation  is formed by textbooks  - positive or negative?
  X Country, folk or nation  Positive Negative  Estonia  X   Lithuania  X   Poland X X   Russia    X Byelorussia      Finl...
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Latvia / What do we teach about our neighbours?

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Transcript of "Latvia / What do we teach about our neighbours?"

  1. 1. Latvia Europe Baltic region World Local Territorial concept of history teaching 199 5 - 2007
  2. 2. <ul><li>Middle Ages </li></ul><ul><li>Development of the European states in Middle ages. </li></ul><ul><li>Christian church. Social estates. </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural, educational and scientific achievements. </li></ul><ul><li>Arabs and Islam. </li></ul><ul><li>Territory of Latvia before crusades. </li></ul><ul><li>Livonia. </li></ul>Example from National Standard
  3. 3. <ul><li>Modern history </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in society. </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance. </li></ul><ul><li>Reformation. </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic discoveries. </li></ul><ul><li>Development of European states in Modern times . Civilisations of discovered area (China, America etc.). Cultural, educational and scientific achievements. </li></ul><ul><li>Polish – Lithuanian and Swedish power in Latvia. </li></ul><ul><li>Dukedom of Curland . </li></ul><ul><li>Russian power in Latvia. </li></ul><ul><li>Latvian national awakening. </li></ul>Example from National Standard
  4. 4. <ul><li>Contemporary history </li></ul><ul><li>Development of the World. </li></ul><ul><li>World W ar I . </li></ul><ul><li>Development of the states between two world wars. The Second World war. </li></ul><ul><li>Two political and economical systems after W orld W ar II . </li></ul><ul><li>Achievements of 20 century and nowadays global problems. </li></ul><ul><li>European and world integration. Most important international organisations. </li></ul><ul><li>Development of the Latvia n state in the 20 ct. </li></ul><ul><li>Culture and education in Latvia in the 20 ct. </li></ul><ul><li>Most actual problems in current Latvia. </li></ul>Example from National Standard
  5. 5. <ul><li>Why are the neighbours reflect ed in textbooks (curriculum) of history in Latvia : </li></ul><ul><li>because they influenced the course of events in Latvian past ? </li></ul><ul><li>because they are a fundamental part of European and world heritage? </li></ul>
  6. 6. X Country, people or n ation Influence d Latvian history European , world heritage Estonia X   Lithuania X   Poland X X Russia X X Byelorussia     Finland X   Sweden X   Denmark X   Iceland X X
  7. 7. Lithuania <ul><li>Ancient balts and ethnic brothers. </li></ul><ul><li>Great principality of Lithuania as a state and continuation of freedom fights of Baltic folks against Teutonic order . </li></ul><ul><li>Polish-Lithuanian state. </li></ul><ul><li>Lithuanian-Latvian border problems . </li></ul><ul><li>A uthoritarian regime in 20-30 ties . </li></ul><ul><li>S oviet Lithuania as success story. </li></ul><ul><li>Common fight against totalitarian regime. National awakening . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Lithuania
  9. 9. Estonia <ul><li>Crusades . </li></ul><ul><li>Medieval Livonia . </li></ul><ul><li>University of Tartu . </li></ul><ul><li>Liberation war 1918-1920. </li></ul><ul><li>Latvian – Estonian border problems . </li></ul><ul><li>Au thoritarian regime in 30- ties . </li></ul><ul><li>Common fight against totalitarian regime. National awakening . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Estonia
  11. 11. Russia <ul><li>The ancient Slavs as neighbours . </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion of medieval Rus sia in Baltic. </li></ul><ul><li>I nfluence of Orthodox church in Baltic. </li></ul><ul><li>Rising of Great principality of Moscow. </li></ul><ul><li>Livonian war . </li></ul><ul><li>Peter the Great and incorporation of Baltic lands in Russia . </li></ul><ul><li>Baltic provinces in tsarist empire . </li></ul><ul><li>C ommunis tic regime in Soviet Union. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Russia
  13. 13. Byelorussia <ul><li>Polotzk kingdom as neighbours . </li></ul><ul><li>Slavs and Slavic language in Great kingdom of Lithuania . </li></ul><ul><li>Short period of independent Republic of Byelorussia 1 919. </li></ul><ul><li>W orld W ar II . </li></ul>
  14. 14. Byelorussia
  15. 15. Poland <ul><li>Battle at Grunvald in 1410. </li></ul><ul><li>Poland after Lublin union . </li></ul><ul><li>C ounter-reformation . </li></ul><ul><li>The d ivision of Polish-Lithuanian state . </li></ul><ul><li>R ebellion in 1830 and 1861 . </li></ul><ul><li>Liberation war 1919-1920 . </li></ul><ul><li>F oreign policy of Baltic states . </li></ul><ul><li>The beginning of W orld W ar II . </li></ul><ul><li>“ Solidarity” movement . </li></ul>
  16. 16. Poland
  17. 17. Finland <ul><li>Status of Finland in Russian empire as an ideal example for Latvians. </li></ul><ul><li>Winter war 1939-1940 . </li></ul>
  18. 18. Finland
  19. 19. Sweden <ul><li>Vikings . </li></ul><ul><li>The Livonian war . </li></ul><ul><li>S wedish rule in Nordic Latvia (Livland) in 17 ct . Riga under Swedish rule. “God Swedish times”. </li></ul><ul><li>Great Nordic war . </li></ul><ul><li>Swedish neutrality during 20 ct. </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedy of deserted Latvian legionaries in Sweden after World W ar II . </li></ul>
  20. 20. Sweden
  21. 21. Denmark <ul><li>Vikings . </li></ul><ul><li>The Livonian war and short period of Danish rule in Kurland . </li></ul><ul><li>Adventure of Prince Magnus in Livonia in 16 ct. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Iceland <ul><li>Egil Scalagrimson in Western Latvia (Kurland). </li></ul><ul><li>Vikings in America . </li></ul><ul><li>Iceland as the very first foreign country recognised the independence of Latvia in 1991. </li></ul>
  23. 23. What image of country, people or nation is formed by textbooks - positive or negative?
  24. 24.   X Country, folk or nation Positive Negative Estonia X   Lithuania X   Poland X X Russia   X Byelorussia     Finland X   Sweden X   Denmark     Iceland X  
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