Iceland / What do we teach about our neighbours?
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Iceland / What do we teach about our neighbours?



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Iceland / What do we teach about our neighbours? Iceland / What do we teach about our neighbours? Presentation Transcript

  • What do we teach about our neighbours? Brynja, Eiríkur, Guðbjörg and Jón
  • History in the Icelandic curriculum
    • History in Icelandic secondary schools is a combined Icelandic and world history.
    • Icelandic history begins in the late 9th century (when Iceland was discovered).
    • Ancient, medieval history and early modern history until 1750.
    • Modern history from 1750 to the day.
    • Cultural history.
    • History of the 20th Century.
  • The Nordic countries in Icelandic history teaching
    • The Nordic countries
    • The Scandinavian countries
  • Icelandic/Nordic history?
    • At secondary school level Icelandic history is (in compliance with the National curriculum) roughly 50% of the entire curriculum.
    • Since Icelandic history is closely connected to the history of Norway and Denmark, the teaching of „Nordic history“ is, to some extent, almost „automatic“.
  • Connection points:
    • Iceland was settled, at least partially, from Norway in the late 9th century; strong links to Norway from the beginning.
    • After a period of civil war in Iceland in the 13th century, Iceland became a part of the Norwegian state in 1262.
    • In the 14th century Iceland, together with Norway, passed under Danish rule.
    • Copenhagen becomes the capital of Iceland for the next 547 years: Icelandic history is, to a large extent, also Danish history.
    • 1550: Refomation in Iceland: almost wholly by dictate from Denmark.
    • Monopoly trade 1602.
    • Absolutism in 1662.
    • (Mostly Danish) Ideas of economic reform in the 18th century.
    Christian IV (1588 – 1648)
    • 1830 and onwards: Icelandic struggle for sovereignty.
    • 1918: Iceland becomes a sovereign state.
    • 1944: Iceland becomes independent during the German occupation of Denmark in WWII.
  • What we don't teach (but, perhaps, should...)
    • The history of the rivalry between the Danish-Norse state and Sweden in the early modern period.
    • The economic ascendancy of Sweden and especially Norway during the 19th century (a good comparison to the relative stagnancy in Iceland...).
  • What we don't... (cont.)
    • The different lot of the Nordic states during and after the Napoleonic wars (Norway passes to Sweden).
    • The Nordic countries during WWII.
    • The development of the Nordic Welfare State in the 20th century (especially 1945 to the present).
  • Russia in Icelandic history teaching
  • Connection points
    • The history of Russia and Iceland is intertwined in some very interesting and important ways:
      • Icelandic mercenaries in Constantinopel in the Viking era.
      • In the second World War the great convoys headed for the Soviet Union from Iceland with provisions.
      • In the sixties, seventies and eighties, Iceland and the Soviet Union had major trade agreements.
      • The summit of 1986 in Höfði.
  • Events taught
    • The beginning of Russia in the viking era.
    • Russia during the Muscovites (Ivan the terrible etc.).
    • The tsars of the 17th and 18th century.
    • Development in the 19th century Russia.
    • WWI and the Russian Revolution.
    • The era of Stalin.
    • WWII and the Cold war.
    • Gorbatschov era and the fall of the Soviet Union.
    • Development in Russia after the fall of the Soviet Union.
  • Poland in Icelandic history teaching
  • Connection points
    • Iceland and Poland got their sovereignty in 1918.
    • During the last 10 years a lot of Poles have immigrated to Iceland.
  • Events of polish history taught in Icelandic Schools
    • Famous persons:
      • Nikolaus Copernicus.
      • Marie Curie.
    • Partition of Poland.
    • Independence of Poland after WWI.
    • Poland during the WWII.
    • Poland during the revolutions in Eastern Europe 1989-1990:
      • Lech Walesa.
      • Solidarnosc.
  • The Baltic States in Icelandic history teaching
    • Connection points:
      • Sovereignty in 1918.
      • Small number of refugees emigrated to Iceland during and after WWII.
      • Iceland was among the first states to accept the independence of the Baltic States in 1991.
    • Events taught:
      • The Baltic States during and after WWI (independence etc.).
      • The annexation of the Baltic States by the Soviet Union.
      • The independence of the Baltic States in 1991.
      • The Baltic States as a part of the EU.