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Iceland / What do we teach about our neighbours?

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Project "What do we teach about our neighbours?" - http://neighbours.vsb.lv

Project "What do we teach about our neighbours?" - http://neighbours.vsb.lv

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  • Transcript

    • 1. What do we teach about our neighbours? Brynja, Eiríkur, Guðbjörg and Jón
    • 2. History in the Icelandic curriculum
      • History in Icelandic secondary schools is a combined Icelandic and world history.
      • Icelandic history begins in the late 9th century (when Iceland was discovered).
      • Ancient, medieval history and early modern history until 1750.
      • Modern history from 1750 to the day.
      • Cultural history.
      • History of the 20th Century.
    • 3. The Nordic countries in Icelandic history teaching
    • 4.
      • The Nordic countries
      • The Scandinavian countries
    • 5. Icelandic/Nordic history?
      • At secondary school level Icelandic history is (in compliance with the National curriculum) roughly 50% of the entire curriculum.
      • Since Icelandic history is closely connected to the history of Norway and Denmark, the teaching of „Nordic history“ is, to some extent, almost „automatic“.
    • 6.
    • 7. Connection points:
      • Iceland was settled, at least partially, from Norway in the late 9th century; strong links to Norway from the beginning.
      • After a period of civil war in Iceland in the 13th century, Iceland became a part of the Norwegian state in 1262.
      • In the 14th century Iceland, together with Norway, passed under Danish rule.
    • 8.
      • Copenhagen becomes the capital of Iceland for the next 547 years: Icelandic history is, to a large extent, also Danish history.
      • 1550: Refomation in Iceland: almost wholly by dictate from Denmark.
      • Monopoly trade 1602.
      • Absolutism in 1662.
      • (Mostly Danish) Ideas of economic reform in the 18th century.
      Christian IV (1588 – 1648)
    • 9.
      • 1830 and onwards: Icelandic struggle for sovereignty.
      • 1918: Iceland becomes a sovereign state.
      • 1944: Iceland becomes independent during the German occupation of Denmark in WWII.
    • 10. What we don't teach (but, perhaps, should...)
      • The history of the rivalry between the Danish-Norse state and Sweden in the early modern period.
      • The economic ascendancy of Sweden and especially Norway during the 19th century (a good comparison to the relative stagnancy in Iceland...).
    • 11. What we don't... (cont.)
      • The different lot of the Nordic states during and after the Napoleonic wars (Norway passes to Sweden).
      • The Nordic countries during WWII.
      • The development of the Nordic Welfare State in the 20th century (especially 1945 to the present).
    • 12. Russia in Icelandic history teaching
    • 13. Connection points
      • The history of Russia and Iceland is intertwined in some very interesting and important ways:
        • Icelandic mercenaries in Constantinopel in the Viking era.
        • In the second World War the great convoys headed for the Soviet Union from Iceland with provisions.
        • In the sixties, seventies and eighties, Iceland and the Soviet Union had major trade agreements.
        • The summit of 1986 in Höfði.
    • 14. Events taught
      • The beginning of Russia in the viking era.
      • Russia during the Muscovites (Ivan the terrible etc.).
      • The tsars of the 17th and 18th century.
      • Development in the 19th century Russia.
      • WWI and the Russian Revolution.
      • The era of Stalin.
      • WWII and the Cold war.
      • Gorbatschov era and the fall of the Soviet Union.
      • Development in Russia after the fall of the Soviet Union.
    • 15. Poland in Icelandic history teaching
    • 16. Connection points
      • Iceland and Poland got their sovereignty in 1918.
      • During the last 10 years a lot of Poles have immigrated to Iceland.
    • 17. Events of polish history taught in Icelandic Schools
      • Famous persons:
        • Nikolaus Copernicus.
        • Marie Curie.
      • Partition of Poland.
      • Independence of Poland after WWI.
      • Poland during the WWII.
      • Poland during the revolutions in Eastern Europe 1989-1990:
        • Lech Walesa.
        • Solidarnosc.
    • 18. The Baltic States in Icelandic history teaching
      • Connection points:
        • Sovereignty in 1918.
        • Small number of refugees emigrated to Iceland during and after WWII.
        • Iceland was among the first states to accept the independence of the Baltic States in 1991.
      • Events taught:
        • The Baltic States during and after WWI (independence etc.).
        • The annexation of the Baltic States by the Soviet Union.
        • The independence of the Baltic States in 1991.
        • The Baltic States as a part of the EU.