View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
For a long time Finns had close relations to Sweden especially in cultural sense
At the beginning of the independence of Finland there were a quarrel between Finland and Sweden concerning the possession of Åland Islands and then there were some language quarrels between Finnish- and Swedish-speaking people
When Finland became independent it had to create diplomatic relations to different countries; Sweden was the country where presidents visited to
Before the WWII there were some secret plans to join the armies of Finland and Sweden
Some 10 000 Swedish men came as volunteers to take part in Finland’s Winter War
At wartime many Finnish children were sent to Sweden so that they could avoid the difficult time in Finland
What do we teach about Russia / Soviet Union? 19th and 20th century
Russia: Society and political development
Russia in 19th century
Society: peasants and their situation
The role of the emperor
Expansion in the east
Nationalism in Russian empire
Russian revolutions 1917
Revolutions in February and October
Lenin and communism Soviet Union in the 20´s and 30´s - Civil war - The NEP - Stalin era: 5-years plans, collectivization, industrialization, Stalin’s terror, Stalin cult, dictatorship Soviet Union after war - The Brezhnev era - Gorbatšov: perestroika, glasnost - The collapse of Soviet Union 1991 Russia after 1991
2) Russia / Soviet Union and Finland Finland becomes part of Russia 1809 - The Treaty of Tilsit 1807 - The War between Russia and Sweden 1808-1809 - Aleksandr I in Finland 1809 Finland as a part of Russia 1809-1917 - Nikolai I and censorship - Reforms of Aleksandr II in Finland The period of russification 1899-1917 - The position of Finland in Russian empire - The administration of Finland: Finnish or Russian?
The civil war of Finland - Russian soldiers in Finland - Finnish emigrants to Soviet Russia Finnish – Soviet relationships in the 20’s and 30’s - The Peace treaty in Tartu 1920 - Distant relations Second World War - The Winter War - The Continuation War - The Peace Treaty: loss of territory, reparations… Finland and Soviet Union after war - Finland’s new policy: The Paasikivi Line - The Finno-Soviet Pact of Friendship, Co-operation and Mutual Assistance 1948 - YYA treaty - Kekkonen’s policy: good relationship with Soviet union or “finlandization”? - The collapse of Soviet Union and Finland’s new policy
3) Russia and the rest of the world USA in the 19th century - Russia sells Alaska to USA - Russian emigrants to USA Imperialism - Japan’s victory over Russia 1905 The First World War - Russia against Germany The Second World War - The Nazi-Soviet pact 1939 - The division of Poland - The operation Barbarossa - Stalingrad - The end of the war
The Cold War - The role of Soviet Union after 1945 - Eastern Europe after war - Arms race, competition of getting to the space - Warsaw Pact - Crisis in Cuba - Improvement in the climate of international relations in the 70’s - The war in Afghanistan Russia and the rest of the world after Soviet Union - The eras of Jeltsin and Putin - The challenges of Russia nowadays: economy, democracy, environment, social development
How do the textbooks see Russia / Soviet Union? - The textbooks are only a part of teaching. Teachers are very free to teach differently and use other material as well. - In the textbooks often the emphasis is on the relationships between Finland and Soviet Union. - There are two sides in those relationships: 1) Russia / Soviet Union as a threat and Finland’s struggle against Russia (especially during the wars) 2) Russia / Soviet Union as a good neighbor or a good ruler (especially during the era of the Grand Duchy of Finland (1809-1917) - There is much more political than cultural history. - The emperors and leaders are important in both Russian and Soviet era. - There are a lot of negative things: dictatorship, wars, oppression, economical and social problems. There are positive things, as well, in the new books.