Estonian presentation – neighbours in our history textbooks Mare Oja, Heli Aiaots, Ülle Kõiv, Hilje Saag, Ivo Maripuu, Aare Ristikivi, Indrek Riigor RIGA 2007
HISTORY TEACHING (National Curriculum 2002) 70 History of the 20th Century Gymnasium (18 – 19) 105 Human – Society – Culture Gymnasium (17 – 18) 70 History of Estonia Gymnasium (16 – 17) 70 Contemporary History Form 5 (1 5 – 1 6 ) 70 Modern History Form 5 (1 4 – 1 5 ) 70 Medieval History Form 5 (1 3 – 1 4 ) 70 Ancient History Form 5 (12 - 13 ) 35 Propedeutical course (Introductory course) Form 5 (11 – 12) HOURS PER YEAR TITLE OF THE COURSE FORM AND AGE
Chronological approach on the Basic School level (history of Estonia is integrated int o the World History course ) and thematic approach on the Gymnasium level (History of Estonia is a separate cour s e)
From closer to wider perspective (I, my home, Estonia, Europe, the World)
Accent from What? and When? to Why? and How?
Different interpretations and viewpoints
Freedom and responsibility of teachers
National Examination Test in history (since 1997)
Access on skills
New educational situation and approach: multicultural education, integration, NATO, European Union, importance of everyday life of people during centuries
In gymnasium (form 12) our pupils, study the depth course of 20th century.
In principle, the same curriculum is in our Russian-language schools. The curriculum gives to school and/or the teacher opportunity to teach 1/3 of the content of the history course what ever they want to.
Sweden promised to send reinforcements during the 1343–1345 uprising of Estonians against the foreign rule
North-Estonia voluntarily accepted the Swedish overlordship in 1561
Estonians were on the Swedish side in the Livonian war
Looting Narva during the Livonian war by permission of D e la Gardie
The Good Old Swedish Time ( 16th- 17 th c en )
During this period, majority of the peasantry lost their freedom and became serfs, but in the end their status changed, to the extent that one might speak of the abolition of serfdom on reduced holdings
Lutherian became as a state religion
The witchcraft trials, but also the establishment of village schools , gymnasiums and Tartu University
T he first industries were established
Great Famine, during which Sweden still exported the grain
E stablishment the country and C hristianisation
Beginning of the statehood of the Denmark, Christianisation
13 th century – Denmark as superpower/empire by the Baltic Sea (Valdemar II (1202-1241))
Norway: consolidation of Christianisation in the middle of 12 th century, beginning the statehood at the beginning of 13 th century
F oreign conquest and christianisation in E stonia in 13 th century
The role of Denmark of conquest and Christianisation of Estonia (1219 - Battle of Lyndanise, Valdemar II (the Conqueror), Dannebrog , the fighting against German and Swedish crusaders...)
The new Estonian administrative division in middle ages: North Estonia – possession of the Danish crown, Treaty of Stensby 1238 between Denmark and Livonian Order (the borders)
Danish taxation list Liber Census Daniae: an important geographic and historic document. The list contains about 500 Estonian place names and names of 114 local vassals.
Valdemar IV Atterdag sold his domains to the Teutonic Order in 1346 (after the St.George Night uprising (1343-1345)) The code of the Lübeck law what Tallinn got 1282 (in the first page Danish king Erik Klipping and his mother Margareta)