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What is IT ????? As defined by ITAA “IT” is the “study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer based information system particularly software’s applications & computer hardware.”
IT is the area of managing technology and spans wide variety of areas that include computer software, information software, computer hardware, programming languages. It provides businesses with four sets of core services to help execute the business strategy: business process automation, providing information, connecting with customers, and productivity tools.
Prior to 1960- The Indian Government acquired the computers from the Soviet Union, which were used in large companies and research laboratories. In 1968 - Tata Consultancy Services—established in SEEPZ, Mumbai by the Tata Group . In 1975-The National Informatics Centre was established in March 1975. The inception of The Computer Maintenance Company (CMC) followed in October 1976. During 1977-1980 -the countrys Information Technology companies Tata InfoTech, Patni Computer Systems and Wipro had become visible.
India is now one of the biggest IT capitals in the modern world. The share of IT (mainly software) in total exports increased from 1 percent in 1990 to 18 percent in 2001. IT-enabled services such as backoffice operations, remote maintenance, accounting, public call centers, medical transcription, insurance claims, and other bulk processing are rapidly expanding.
Economies of scale for the information technology industry are high. The marginal cost of each unit of additional software or hardware is insignificant compared to the value addition that results from it. Unlike other common industries, the IT industry is knowledge-based. Efficient utilization of skilled labor forces in the IT sector can help an economy achieve a rapid pace of economic growth. The IT industry helps many other sectors in the growth process of the economy including the services and manufacturing sectors.
Domain of the IT Industry A wide variety of services come under the domain of the information technology industry. Some of these services are as follows: Systems architecture Database design and development Networking Application development Testing Documentation Maintenance and hosting Operational support Security services
The size of Indias IT industry has grown significantly over the years. The size of this sunshine industry of India grew from 150 million US Dollars to 50 billion US Dollars between 1990-1991 and 2006-2007. The growth of the IT industry has been very high in the last few years. The size of the Information Technology industry of India was 5.7 billion US Dollars in 1999-2000. After the turn of the century the industry experienced exponential growth to reach the 50 billion mark by 2006-2007.
Key Players: The following are India’s Tier 1 companies in the IT sector: Tata Consultancy Services Ltd Wipro Technologies Ltd. Infosys Technologies Ltd. Satyam Computer Services Ltd.
Need to move up the value chain Maintain high growth levels Retaining talent Political challenges
Microsoft Google Accentures SAP AG HP(Hewlett packered) Yahoo CA Technologies Corporation Capgemini
• India being one of the world’s fastest-growing tech markets, thriving mainly on exports is also experiencing the tremors of the global economic crisis. These could see marginal decline as companies will tend to hold spends on new IT deployments. 43% of Western companies are cutting back their IT spend and nearly 30% are scrutinizing IT projects for better returns. The IT services and outsourcing market is currently undergoing a structural transformation that will have a profound effect on how IT service providers will have to conduct their business.
Customers have started to reduce project scope and or postpone new development. However, they are locations, which could increase IT budgets towards tangible cost saving measures
Tata Consultancy Services Founded in 1968, TCS is one of Indias largest corporate houses. It is also Indias largest IT employer with a staff strength of 111,000 employees. The company began as a division of the Tata Group, called the Tata Computer Centre. Its main business was to offer computer services to other group companies. Its annual sales worldwide stands at $5.7 billion for the fiscal year ending March 2010.
• Born-: In 1963• Education -* Coimbatore Institute of Technology * MCA from the Regional Engineering College Awards• NDTV Business Leader of the Year IT, 2011• Top 25 most influential consultants in the world, 2006• AIMA Business Leader award for 2011• Vice-Chairman of the Executive Council, NASSCOM,2011-12
Wipro (Western India Products Limited) What started off as a hydrogenated cooking fat company, Wipro is today is a $5 billion revenue generating IT, BPO and R&D services organization with presence in over 50 countries. The Chairman of the Indian software giant Wipro Technologies Limited is Azim Premji Wipro was the only Indian company to be ranked among the top 10 global outsourcing providers in IAOPs 2006 Global Outsourcing.
Born-: 24 July 1945 (age 66) Mumbai ,India Education-: * Drop out from Stanford university * In 2000, he was conferred an honorary doctorate by the Manipal Academy of Higher Education in India He is a member of the Prime Ministers Advisory Committee for Information Technology in India Business Man of the Year 2000 by Business India.
Infosys Infosys Technologies Ltd was started in 1981 by seven people with $250. Today, the company boasts of revenues of over $ 4 billion and 94,379 employees. Under the leadership of N R Narayana Murthy, the company has become a global brand. The company is now headed by Kris Gopalakrishnan. The International Association of Outsourcing Professionals (IAOP) ranked Infosys at No. 3 in its 2008 Global Outsourcing 100.
Born in Mysore ,Karnataka on 20 August 1946. Education -: * Graduated from University of Mysore in 1967 * Masters degree from IIT Kanpur in 1969 Career -: * Worked at IIM Ahmedabad as a chief systems programmer . * In 1976 started a company named Softronics and which failed. * founded Infosys in 1981.