Freedom fighters

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top 10 freedom fighters of India

top 10 freedom fighters of India

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  • 1.  The Indian War of Independence from the British Colonial Powers lasted for numerous decades and finally after a long struggle freedom was achieved. It was a war that abolished British supremacy in the world. Hundreds and thousands of men, women and children fought for it till their last breath and some like Shaheed Bhagat Singh even in their death. I might not be able to pay my respects to all of those great souls. But that doesn’t mean that their contribution wasn’t worthwhile. The free air that we breath, and every walk that we take is all because of those noble ones and this is  a tribute to them- This one is to them, to Freedom!
  • 2.  One of the most iconic menthat ever tookbirth and still continues to survive in the lessons of passive-resistance and non-violence that he selflesslygave to the world, hence making it a muchbetter place. He gave up everything, his law career; his house and wealthyfamilytofight for justice and for the betterment of his people whowere being treated as third class citizensbythe colonial British.Eveninthe harshest of conditions, he never gave up his morals and rules, no matter what the cost of it. Mahatma Gandhi has right fullybeengiventhe title of the father of the nationas India truly owes its independence as a republic and a democracy to thisShort, thin brownmanwho needed a stick while walking to support him but who was strong enoughto take the responsibilityof anentire countryand usher it to the world of sovereignty.
  • 3.  A stoic lawyer from Gujarat, Patel’s was a prominent leader of the Indian National Congress. He had actively participated in the Civil Disobedience movement and the Quit India Movement started my Mahatma Gandhi. But Patel’s true role came after the Independence. At that time India was separated into numerous princely states. He took the responsibility of making sure that all the monarchies were abolished and for the benefit of the nation, the entire country should be under one government body. India was divided into two independent states of India and Pakistan (to house the Muslim population). Now one such Moarch-the Nizam of Hyderabad (A state that is situated in the centre of present India) was allied to Pakistan. He refused to co- operate with the Indian Government even after numerous pleas as geographically it was impossible for Hyderabad to become a part of a different nation when it is right in centre of India. Hence Sardar Patel made sure that the Nizam was brought under control by hook or by crook and sent packing alone to Pakistan. Even the people of Hyderabad wanted to be a part of India.
  • 4.  A revolutionarywho was brought up inthe patriotic atmosphere, Shaheed Bhagat Singh, where Shaheed means ‘Martyr’, from a very young age all he ever dreamed was of seeing his countryfree.He met Rajguru and Sukhdev whoshared histhoughtsand together theyfought severalguerrilla wars fighting and revolting everyBritishlawthat was against the civiliansand also against the right of humanity.The Jallianwalla BaughMassacre is one such example of the colonial inhumanity. He evenblasted bombs inside the Assemblyhall shouting slogans of ‘Inqualab Zindabad’( Independence Prevails) to revolt against two laws-“Trade UnionDispute Bill” and “Public Safety Bill”.Allthree were arrested and hanged todeath. Their death, instead of silencing the people, actuallyacted ascatalyst that ignited the fire withinpeople as even while leaving all three kept uttering-“ Sar Kata Sakte Hai mar, Sar Zhuka Sakte Nahi” ( We canhave our heads chopped but not bowed).
  • 5.  ‘She fought a man’s war, she was Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi’ go the lyrics of a song written in her honor. Lakshmi bai was a queen of the Princely state of Jhansi. During the ongoing Revolt of 1857, The British government ordered that all princely states that do not have a male heir will be taken over by the government. Queen Lakshmi bai was widowed and had an adopted son. But she refused to give her reign. When the troops of the Colonial power arrived to the fort, they found it well defended by the army of Queen Jhansi. She led her troops and fought the battle. It has also been reported that she commanded the largest women’s army till date. When finally she saw that they were losing the battle, she tied her son to her back and started riding away to save her son with colonial army chasing her. Unfortunately her luck had passed and her horse fell and she with it fell over breaking her head. Her words ‘Mein Apni Jhansi nahi Dundi’ (I will not give my Jhansi) have gone down in history for the sheer bravery of this woman who fought a man’s war.
  • 6.  MangalPandeywas a soldier in the Britishtroops. In 1847, there were rumours spreading that the cartridges supplied bythe East India Company had pork and beef inthem and this was against the religionof both Hindus and Muslims. At that time, Pandeyconvinced his colleagues that the Companywouldn’t do anything of this sort. But later after a series of event he realised that the Company didn’t have the best interest of the Indian populationinits mind and was just them like slaves.The windsof anuprising had alreadystarted flowing and soon it turned into the first ‘Revolt of !857’ and Mangal Pandey, who was at the forefront of the struggle became the First Freedom Fighter of the IndianStruggle for Independence.
  • 7.  Born in a Dalit family, Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was a victim of the Indian caste System. Being of the lowest caste, he was accosted with negligible opportunities for his intelligence. But being a genius he saw the light and converted to Buddhism helped many others from the lower castes to convert and not oblige to the inhuman behaviour conducted towards them. His love for books and learning played a major role in his liberation. It was this hunger for knowledge that made him the chairman of the committee that founded the constitution of India. Dr. Ambedkar was the one who scripted the constitution of this democratic country.
  • 8.  Netaji as he was called was a very prominent figure in the Indian freedom struggle. His sole aim was the freedom of his country and he termed it as a necessity and didn’t agree with Gandhiji on the terms that it can be negotiated. He was well educated and believed that there should be complete intolerance for caste-differentiation, racism or religious separation. His was so active in the Indian National Congress that he was arrested several times by the British Government. Soon he realised that international backing was a must for India’s freedom and hence started meeting leaders from Japan, Italy, and Germany who were against the British forces in the World War 2. He even met Mussolini and Hitler at different times. He was completely against the racism that The dictators propagated but he appreciated the discipline and unity of their men. It was on Hitler’s Suggestion that he went to Japan and formed the Indian National Army and started the Campaign ‘Challo Dilli’ which though failed, wasn’t enough to break his spirit. The Slogan ‘Jai Hind’ was also given by him which still prevails.
  • 9.  The Nightingale of India, Sarojini Naidu was a poet and a social activist. She studied at the King’s College, London and Girton College, Cambridge. She was the first women to become the Governor of an India state as well as the Indian National Congress. She was one of the members who formed the Constitution of India. During the Partition of Bengal, she came in contact with prominent Independent leaders like Annie Besant, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Rabindranath Tagore, Gopal Krishna Gokhale and others. She started travelling from state to state and delivered speeches on social welfare and spread the message of independence through her poetry. An important woman leader, her birthday is now celebrated as ‘Womans’ Day’ all over India.
  • 10.  Annie Besant was a British Activist who believed in Indian Self-rule. During the First World War, she campaigned for the Freedom of India and helped in the formation of the ‘Home Rule League’. She was elected as the President of the Congress and got extremely involved in the Indian Politics. She was also a Woman’s Rights Activist. She kept campaigning and fighting against her own country for the establishment of democracy in India until her death in 1933.
  • 11.  The last Mughal Emperor of India, Bahadur Shahwas a poet and had little ambitionsof expanding his territory whichnow was merelythe Red fort. The Britishhas alreadytakenpower over the majorityof the country. When the Revolt of 1847 started, he and allhissons participated to free India.He led his army for the sepoy mutinyagainst the East India Company. The revolt didn’t succeed and Shahalong withhissonswas tried in court for rebelling. He wasexiled to Rangoon (Now Bangladesh).Evenafter the defeat, he said “Gh zio mé b rahegijab talakim n ki; Takht-e-ā ń ń ū ā London takchalegi tégh Hindustanki”(As long asthere remains the scent of faithinthe hearts of our Ghazis, solong shall the sword of Hindustanflash before the throne of London). It isbelieved that onthe dayof Nouroj (Persian New Years) which is one of the biggest festivals, he was presented withchopped heads of his sons by a BritishOfficer.Eventheninstead of showing remorse of showing his weakness infront of the colonialpowershe said “Praise be to Allah, that descendents of Timur alwayscome infront of their fathers in this way.”