Decentralized Sector TEXTILE INDUSTRY IN INDIA NATURAL  FIBRES / FABRICS MAN-MADE  FIBRES / FABRICS Organized Sector (Mill...
 
Share of Cloth Production  <ul><li>Organized Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Power Loom </li></ul><ul><li>Handloom </li></ul>
NATIONALIZATION (1967) <ul><li>   SETTING UP OF NATIONAL  TEXTILE CORPORATION (NTC)  </li></ul><ul><li>   MAIN OBJEC...
NATIONALIZATION (1967) <ul><li>   SETTING UP OF NATIONAL  TEXTILE CORPORATION (NTC)  </li></ul><ul><li>   MAIN OBJEC...
NEW TEXTILE POLICY (1980) <ul><li> OBJECTIVE: DEVELOP  HARMONIOUSLY </li></ul><ul><li>   MILL, POWERLOOM AND  HANDLOO...
WTO REGIME <ul><li>   MEMBER OF WTO </li></ul><ul><li>   SIGNATORY TO GATT( GENERAL  AGREEMENT  ON TRADE AND TARRIF)...
NEED OF THE HOUR <ul><li>   MODERNIZE TO COMPETE GLOBALLY </li></ul><ul><li>   WITHSTAND CHEAPER IMPORTS FROM  CHINA...
NEED FOR KHADI MODERNIZATION <ul><li>SPINNING </li></ul><ul><li>WEAVING </li></ul><ul><li>CHEMICAL PROCESSING (WEAKEST LIN...
MISSION PROJECTS IN DPR <ul><li>FINISHING OF KHADI GARMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>DYEING WITH NATURAL DYES </li></ul><ul><li>M...
WORKSHOP  AT IIT DELHI <ul><li>FEB. 26-28, 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>FINISHING TECHNOLOGIES DEMONSTRATED   </li></ul><ul><li>...
EQUIPMENTS USED <ul><li>DOMESTIC WASHING MACHINE (5Kg) </li></ul><ul><li>DOMESTIC HOT AIR DRYER (5Kg) </li></ul><ul><li>NO...
FINISHING OF KHADI GARMENTS TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>1.  April 25-26,2002  Central sliver plan...
WORKSHOP FEED BACK <ul><li>FAVOURABLE  </li></ul><ul><li>CONVINCING RESULTS </li></ul><ul><li>IMPROVEMENT IN KHADI QUALITY...
VISITS TO KHADI PROCESSING UNITS <ul><li>Kshetriya Gandhi Ashram, Barabanki </li></ul><ul><li>Tamilnadu KVI Board, Bhavani...
GANDHI ASHRAM, BARABANKI <ul><li>VERY GOOD FABRIC PROCESSING FACILITIES </li></ul><ul><li>GOOD TECHNICAL MAN POWER </li></...
TAMILNADU KVI BOARD <ul><li>ESSENTIAL MACHINES AVAILABLE </li></ul><ul><li>CAN BE USED AS COMMON FACILITY CENTRE </li></ul...
WAVILAL KHADI GR. PRATISTHAN, (AP) <ul><li>INADEQUATE MACHINES </li></ul><ul><li>GOOD TECHNICAL  MANPOWER </li></ul><ul><l...
Marathwada Khadi Gr. Samitee,  (Maharashtra)   <ul><li>INADEQUATE MACHINES </li></ul><ul><li>NEED TO STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL ...
Assam KVI Board, Guwahati <ul><li>NEW PROCESS HOUSE </li></ul><ul><li>EQUIPPED WITH ESSENTIAL MACHINES EXCEPT PADDING MANG...
TRANSFER OF FINISHING TECHNOLOGY <ul><li>NEED TO IMPROVE KHADI QUALITY </li></ul><ul><li>VALUE ADDITION THROUGH CHEMICAL P...
MECHANISM OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER <ul><li>NOT FEASIBLE TO START PROCESS HOUSE IN INDIVIDUAL KHADI UNITS DUE HIGH EQUIPMENT ...
MODEL PROCESSING UNIT <ul><li>IT IS SUGGESTED TO SET UP MODEL PROCESSING UNIT AT  GANDHI ASHRAM, BARABANKI </li></ul><ul><...
MODEL PROCESSING UNIT <ul><li>PHASE I </li></ul><ul><li>YARN AND   FABRIC PROCESSING UNIT </li></ul><ul><li>QUALITY CONTRO...
FUNDS REQUIRED <ul><li>GANDHI ASHRAM, BARABANKI </li></ul><ul><li>YARN AND FABRIC PROCESSING </li></ul><ul><li>ADDITIONAL ...
FUNDS REQUIRED <ul><li>GARMENT FINISHING UNIT (25 Kg PER BATCH) </li></ul><ul><li>Garment dyeing/finishing machine 1.50 </...
FUNDS REQUIRED <ul><li>GARMENT MANUFACTURING UNIT </li></ul><ul><li>Garment pattern and cutting table 0.5 </li></ul><ul><l...
FUNDS REQUIRED <ul><li>QUALITY CONTROL LABORATORY  5.0 </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL BUDGET </li></ul><ul><li>YARN AND FABRIC PR...
LONG TERM ACTION PLAN <ul><li>TECHNOLOGY MISSION FOR KHADI  </li></ul><ul><li>(3-5 YEARS) </li></ul><ul><li>OBJECTIVE </li...
LONG TERM ACTION PLAN <ul><li>COMPOSITION OF COMMITTEE </li></ul><ul><li>EXPERTS FROM KVIC </li></ul><ul><li>EXPERTS KHADI...
LONG TERM ACTION PLAN <ul><li>TERMS OF REFERENCE </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of technological inputs required from fi...
LONG TERM ACTION PLAN <ul><li>TERMS OF REFERENCE (Contd.) </li></ul><ul><li>Setting up quality assurance laboratories. </l...
LONG TERM ACTION PLAN <ul><li>TERMS OF REFERENCE (Contd.) </li></ul><ul><li>Product and design development   </li></ul><ul...
SUMMERY OF SUGGESTIONS <ul><li>IMMEDIATE </li></ul><ul><li>SETTING UP MODEL UNIT AT GANDHI ASHRAM, BARABANKI </li></ul><ul...
SUMMERY OF SUGGESTIONS <ul><li>STRENGTHENING OF KVI BOARD PROCESSING UNITS AT   </li></ul><ul><li>BHAVANISAGAR (TAMILNADU)...
SUMMERY OF SUGGESTIONS <ul><li>LONG TERM </li></ul><ul><li>CONSTITUTION OF NATIONAL EXPERT COMMITTEE  </li></ul><ul><li>WO...
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  1. 1. Decentralized Sector TEXTILE INDUSTRY IN INDIA NATURAL FIBRES / FABRICS MAN-MADE FIBRES / FABRICS Organized Sector (Mills) Spinning Composites Handloom Powerloom Khadi WOOL J UTE SILK COTTON RAYON Cellulose / viscose BLENDED (Synthetic + Natural) SYNTHETIC (Nylon, PET, PAN)
  2. 3. Share of Cloth Production <ul><li>Organized Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Power Loom </li></ul><ul><li>Handloom </li></ul>
  3. 4. NATIONALIZATION (1967) <ul><li>   SETTING UP OF NATIONAL TEXTILE CORPORATION (NTC) </li></ul><ul><li>   MAIN OBJECTIVE: EMPLOYMENT RELIEF TO THOUSANDS OF WORKERS </li></ul><ul><li>   PRODUCTION OF CONTROLLED CLOTH </li></ul><ul><li>   EXPERIMENT MISERABLY FAILED </li></ul><ul><li>  MANY NTC MILLS CLOSED DOWN </li></ul>
  4. 5. NATIONALIZATION (1967) <ul><li>   SETTING UP OF NATIONAL TEXTILE CORPORATION (NTC) </li></ul><ul><li>   MAIN OBJECTIVE: EMPLOYMENT RELIEF TO THOUSANDS OF WORKERS </li></ul><ul><li>   PRODUCTION OF CONTROLLED CLOTH </li></ul><ul><li>   EXPERIMENT MISERABLY FAILED </li></ul><ul><li>  MANY NTC MILLS CLOSED DOWN </li></ul>
  5. 6. NEW TEXTILE POLICY (1980) <ul><li> OBJECTIVE: DEVELOP HARMONIOUSLY </li></ul><ul><li>   MILL, POWERLOOM AND HANDLOOM SECTORS </li></ul><ul><li>   RECOGNITION OF LACK OF MODERNIZATION AS MAIN CAUSE OF SICKNESS </li></ul><ul><li>   750 CRORE AS TEXTLE MODERNIZATION FUNDS IN 1986  </li></ul>
  6. 7. WTO REGIME <ul><li>   MEMBER OF WTO </li></ul><ul><li>   SIGNATORY TO GATT( GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TRADE AND TARRIF) </li></ul><ul><li>   END OF ATC (AGREEMENT OF TEXTILES AND CLOTHING) BY DECEMBER 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>   END OF QUOTA ERA </li></ul><ul><li>   TO FACE THE GLOBAL COMPETITION </li></ul><ul><li> LIMITED TIME FOR </li></ul><ul><li>   INDUSTRY RESTRUCTURE </li></ul><ul><li>   IMPROVED QUALITY PRODUCTS AT COMPETITIVE PRICE </li></ul>
  7. 8. NEED OF THE HOUR <ul><li>   MODERNIZE TO COMPETE GLOBALLY </li></ul><ul><li>   WITHSTAND CHEAPER IMPORTS FROM CHINA, PAKISTAN AND OTHER SOUTH-EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES </li></ul><ul><li>TECHNOLOGY UPGRADATION FUND SCHEME (TUFS) </li></ul><ul><li>   Rs 25 000 CRORE FOR MODERNIZATION </li></ul><ul><li>   5% RE-IMBERSEMENT OF INTEREST CHARGED BY FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>   IN OPERATION FOR FIVE YEARS FROM APRIL 1999 – MARCH 2004 </li></ul>
  8. 9. NEED FOR KHADI MODERNIZATION <ul><li>SPINNING </li></ul><ul><li>WEAVING </li></ul><ul><li>CHEMICAL PROCESSING (WEAKEST LINK) </li></ul><ul><li>GARMENT DESIGNING </li></ul><ul><li>GARMENT MAKING </li></ul><ul><li>GARMENT FINISHING </li></ul><ul><li>BUDGET PROVISON </li></ul>
  9. 10. MISSION PROJECTS IN DPR <ul><li>FINISHING OF KHADI GARMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>DYEING WITH NATURAL DYES </li></ul><ul><li>MERCERIZATION OF KHADI YARN </li></ul><ul><li>INTRODUCTION OF WOOL/ACRYLIC BLEND </li></ul><ul><li>QUALITY ASSURANCE MANUAL </li></ul><ul><li>HRD PROGRAMMES </li></ul>
  10. 11. WORKSHOP AT IIT DELHI <ul><li>FEB. 26-28, 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>FINISHING TECHNOLOGIES DEMONSTRATED </li></ul><ul><li>SOFT FINISH </li></ul><ul><li>STIFF FINISH </li></ul><ul><li>ENZYME FINISH </li></ul><ul><li>STONELESS STONE WASH FINISH </li></ul><ul><li>WRINKLE FREE FINISH </li></ul><ul><li>FEED BACK </li></ul><ul><li>SOFT AND STIFF FINISH MOST SUITABLE </li></ul>
  11. 12. EQUIPMENTS USED <ul><li>DOMESTIC WASHING MACHINE (5Kg) </li></ul><ul><li>DOMESTIC HOT AIR DRYER (5Kg) </li></ul><ul><li>NOT SUITABLE FOR PRODUCTION </li></ul>
  12. 13. FINISHING OF KHADI GARMENTS TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>1. April 25-26,2002 Central sliver plant, Etah UP </li></ul><ul><li>2. June 29-30,2002 MGIRI, Wardha </li></ul><ul><li>3. July 11-12, 2002 Gandhi Ashram, Barabanki </li></ul><ul><ul><li> July 13-15,2002 Production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Aug. 10-11, 2002 Gramodyog Samittee, Dausa </li></ul><ul><li>5. Aug 31-Sept. 1,2002 Sarvodaya Sangh, Padyur </li></ul><ul><li>6. Sept 7-8, 2002 khadi Gr. Samitee, Nanded </li></ul><ul><li>7. Sept.21-22, 2002 Gandhi Ashram, Saharanpur </li></ul><ul><li>8. Sept 30,Oct1,2002 khadi Gr. Sansthan, Ranchi </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  13. 14. WORKSHOP FEED BACK <ul><li>FAVOURABLE </li></ul><ul><li>CONVINCING RESULTS </li></ul><ul><li>IMPROVEMENT IN KHADI QUALITY </li></ul><ul><li>WILL ENHANCE KHADI SALE </li></ul><ul><li>REDUCE KHADI STOCK </li></ul><ul><li>NON-FAVOURABLE </li></ul><ul><li>MACHINES NOT SUITABLE FOR PRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>FINISHING IN FABRIC FORM </li></ul><ul><li>INABILITY TO INVEST FOR MACHINES </li></ul>
  14. 15. VISITS TO KHADI PROCESSING UNITS <ul><li>Kshetriya Gandhi Ashram, Barabanki </li></ul><ul><li>Tamilnadu KVI Board, Bhavani sagar </li></ul><ul><li>Wavilal Khadi Gr. Pratisthan, Wavilal (AP) </li></ul><ul><li>Marathwada Khadi Gr. Samitee, Ausa (Maharashtra) </li></ul><ul><li>Assam KVI Board, Guwahati </li></ul>
  15. 16. GANDHI ASHRAM, BARABANKI <ul><li>VERY GOOD FABRIC PROCESSING FACILITIES </li></ul><ul><li>GOOD TECHNICAL MAN POWER </li></ul><ul><li>ONLY UNIT TO ADOPT AND COMMERCIALIZE FINISHING TECHNIQUES IN FABRIC FORM </li></ul><ul><li>CAN BE USED AS COMMON FACILITY CENTRE IN UP </li></ul>
  16. 17. TAMILNADU KVI BOARD <ul><li>ESSENTIAL MACHINES AVAILABLE </li></ul><ul><li>CAN BE USED AS COMMON FACILITY CENTRE </li></ul><ul><li>NEED TO STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL MAN POWER </li></ul>
  17. 18. WAVILAL KHADI GR. PRATISTHAN, (AP) <ul><li>INADEQUATE MACHINES </li></ul><ul><li>GOOD TECHNICAL MANPOWER </li></ul><ul><li>NEED TO PROVIDE ADDITIONAL MACHINES </li></ul><ul><li>NOT SUITABLE FOR COMMON FACILITY CENTRE IN PRESENT STATE </li></ul>
  18. 19. Marathwada Khadi Gr. Samitee, (Maharashtra) <ul><li>INADEQUATE MACHINES </li></ul><ul><li>NEED TO STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL MANPOWER </li></ul><ul><li>NEED TO PROVIDE ADDITIONAL MACHINES </li></ul><ul><li>NOT SUITABLE FOR COMMON FACILITY CENTRE IN PRESENT STATE </li></ul>
  19. 20. Assam KVI Board, Guwahati <ul><li>NEW PROCESS HOUSE </li></ul><ul><li>EQUIPPED WITH ESSENTIAL MACHINES EXCEPT PADDING MANGLE </li></ul><ul><li>NEED TO PROVIDE PADDING MANGLE </li></ul><ul><li>NEED TO STRENGTHEN TECHNICAL MANPOWER </li></ul><ul><li>CAN BE USED AS COMMON FACILITY CENTRE </li></ul>
  20. 21. TRANSFER OF FINISHING TECHNOLOGY <ul><li>NEED TO IMPROVE KHADI QUALITY </li></ul><ul><li>VALUE ADDITION THROUGH CHEMICAL PROCESSING </li></ul><ul><li>NEED TO IMPROVE CHEMICALL PROCESSING FACILITIES ON ALL INDIA BASIS </li></ul><ul><li>TRANSFER OF FINISHING TECHNOLOGY AND OTHER TECHNOLOGIES TO BE DEVELOPED AT IIT DELHI KHADI GROUP </li></ul>
  21. 22. MECHANISM OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER <ul><li>NOT FEASIBLE TO START PROCESS HOUSE IN INDIVIDUAL KHADI UNITS DUE HIGH EQUIPMENT COST AND POSSIBILITY OF UNDER UTILIZATION </li></ul><ul><li>TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER THROUGH COMMON FACILITY CENTRE </li></ul><ul><li>OUT OF FIVE PROCESSING UNITS VISITED, TWO MAY BE USED AS CFC </li></ul><ul><li>IDENTIFY MORE PROCESSING UNITS AND STRENGTHEN THEM </li></ul>
  22. 23. MODEL PROCESSING UNIT <ul><li>IT IS SUGGESTED TO SET UP MODEL PROCESSING UNIT AT GANDHI ASHRAM, BARABANKI </li></ul><ul><li>JUSTIFICATION </li></ul><ul><li>EXISTANCE OF BASIC MACHINES </li></ul><ul><li>COMPETENT TECHNICAL MANPOWER </li></ul><ul><li>GOOD MANAGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>SCOPE FOR PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT THROUGH KHADI VIDYALAYA </li></ul>
  23. 24. MODEL PROCESSING UNIT <ul><li>PHASE I </li></ul><ul><li>YARN AND FABRIC PROCESSING UNIT </li></ul><ul><li>QUALITY CONTROL LABORATORY </li></ul><ul><li>GARMENT FINISHING UNIT </li></ul><ul><li>GARMENT MAKING UNIT </li></ul><ul><li>PHASE II </li></ul><ul><li>WEAVING </li></ul><ul><li>PHASE III </li></ul><ul><li>SPINNING </li></ul>
  24. 25. FUNDS REQUIRED <ul><li>GANDHI ASHRAM, BARABANKI </li></ul><ul><li>YARN AND FABRIC PROCESSING </li></ul><ul><li>ADDITIONAL MACHINES REQUIRED </li></ul><ul><li>Rs. Lakh </li></ul><ul><li>HANK MERCERIZATION MACHINE 4.0 </li></ul><ul><li>HANK DYEING MACHINE 2 No. 1.0 </li></ul><ul><li>SEMI-AUTOMATIC JIGGER 2 No. 3.0 </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL 8.0 </li></ul><ul><li>OTHER ESSENTIAL MACHINES ALREADY EXIST </li></ul>
  25. 26. FUNDS REQUIRED <ul><li>GARMENT FINISHING UNIT (25 Kg PER BATCH) </li></ul><ul><li>Garment dyeing/finishing machine 1.50 </li></ul><ul><li>Hydroextractor 0.75 </li></ul><ul><li>Tumble dryer (Optional) 1.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Steam boiler 100 kg/hr 2.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Vacuum ironing table 1.50 </li></ul><ul><li>Steam iron with attached boiler 0.50 </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure and installation 2.00 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Total 7.75 </li></ul>
  26. 27. FUNDS REQUIRED <ul><li>GARMENT MANUFACTURING UNIT </li></ul><ul><li>Garment pattern and cutting table 0.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Band knife cutting machine 1.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Stitching machine (5 nos) 1.50 </li></ul><ul><li>Accessories 1.50 </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure and installation 1.50 </li></ul><ul><li>Fusing machine 1.00 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Total 7.00 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  27. 28. FUNDS REQUIRED <ul><li>QUALITY CONTROL LABORATORY 5.0 </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL BUDGET </li></ul><ul><li>YARN AND FABRIC PROCESSING 8.00 </li></ul><ul><li>GARMENT FINISHING UNIT 7.75 </li></ul><ul><li>GARMENT MANUFACTURING UNIT 7.00 </li></ul><ul><li>QUALITY CONTROL LAB. 5.00 </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL 27.75 lakh </li></ul>
  28. 29. LONG TERM ACTION PLAN <ul><li>TECHNOLOGY MISSION FOR KHADI </li></ul><ul><li>(3-5 YEARS) </li></ul><ul><li>OBJECTIVE </li></ul><ul><li>TECHNOLOGY INPUTS TO MAKE KHADI SECTOR COMPETITIVE </li></ul><ul><li>CONSTITUTION OF COMMITTEE TO DRAW LONG TERM TECHNOLOGY ORIENTED ACTION PLAN </li></ul>
  29. 30. LONG TERM ACTION PLAN <ul><li>COMPOSITION OF COMMITTEE </li></ul><ul><li>EXPERTS FROM KVIC </li></ul><ul><li>EXPERTS KHADI INSTITUTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>EXPERTS FROM IIT DELHI </li></ul>
  30. 31. LONG TERM ACTION PLAN <ul><li>TERMS OF REFERENCE </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of technological inputs required from fibre to finished product state </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of persons in khadi sector and various other institutions who can provide the desired technical inputs through R & D. </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of khadi institutions for Setting up model units </li></ul><ul><li>Setting up technology group for technology dissemination and technology implementation follow up. </li></ul>
  31. 32. LONG TERM ACTION PLAN <ul><li>TERMS OF REFERENCE (Contd.) </li></ul><ul><li>Setting up quality assurance laboratories. </li></ul><ul><li>Technical training </li></ul><ul><li>Technical publication for innovative technological ideas and their implementation in khadi sector. </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening of khadi vidyalayas for technical man-power generation. Such a vidyalaya may be associated with each model unit. </li></ul>
  32. 33. LONG TERM ACTION PLAN <ul><li>TERMS OF REFERENCE (Contd.) </li></ul><ul><li>Product and design development </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement in living conditions of spinners, weavers and other workers </li></ul><ul><li>Any other relevant </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking on above lines will go a long way in making khadi a product of national pride. </li></ul>
  33. 34. SUMMERY OF SUGGESTIONS <ul><li>IMMEDIATE </li></ul><ul><li>SETTING UP MODEL UNIT AT GANDHI ASHRAM, BARABANKI </li></ul><ul><li>FABRIC PROCESSING </li></ul><ul><li>GARMENT FINISHING </li></ul><ul><li>GARMENT STITCHING </li></ul><ul><li>QUALITY LABORATORY </li></ul>
  34. 35. SUMMERY OF SUGGESTIONS <ul><li>STRENGTHENING OF KVI BOARD PROCESSING UNITS AT </li></ul><ul><li>BHAVANISAGAR (TAMILNADU) </li></ul><ul><li>GUWAHATI (ASSAM) </li></ul><ul><li>INDIVIDUAL PROCESSING UNITS BY PROVIDING FUNDS FOR NECESSARY MACHINES </li></ul>
  35. 36. SUMMERY OF SUGGESTIONS <ul><li>LONG TERM </li></ul><ul><li>CONSTITUTION OF NATIONAL EXPERT COMMITTEE </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING FOR NATIONAL INTEREST WITH COLLECTIVE WISDOM AND SENSE OF HONESTY TOWARDS THE CAUSE. </li></ul>

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