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Khadi as cluster activity
Khadi as cluster activity
Khadi as cluster activity
Khadi as cluster activity
Khadi as cluster activity
Khadi as cluster activity
Khadi as cluster activity
Khadi as cluster activity
Khadi as cluster activity
Khadi as cluster activity
Khadi as cluster activity
Khadi as cluster activity
Khadi as cluster activity
Khadi as cluster activity
Khadi as cluster activity
Khadi as cluster activity
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Khadi as cluster activity

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  • 1. TECHNOLOGY INPUTS FOR KHADI CLUSTER ACTIVITY Prof. R.B.Chavan Former Professor, IIT Delhi Consultant Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Rural industrialization Wardha (Maharashtra)
  • 2. <ul><li>AIMS OF CLUSTER DEVELOPMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>1. TO START SUITABLE MANUFACTURING ACTIVITY </li></ul><ul><li>EMPLOYEMNT GENERATION </li></ul><ul><li>ENHANCING THE EANGRNING OF INDIVIDUALS </li></ul><ul><li>USE OF LOCAL RAW MATERIALS </li></ul><ul><li>VALUE ADDITION OF LOCAL RAW MATERIALS </li></ul><ul><li>PREVENTING THE MIGRATION OF LOCAL POPULATION TO CITIES </li></ul><ul><li>DEVELOPMENT OF REGION OF CLUSTER ACTIVITY </li></ul>
  • 3. VALUE ADDITION CONVERSION OF RAW MATERIAL TO VALUE ADDED SALEABLE PRODUCT EXAMPLE ORANGE OR ANY FRUIT ITSELF IS SALABLE PRODUCT VALUE ADDITION OF ORANGE OR ANY FRUIT EXTRACTION OF FRUIT JUICE FRUIT JUICE WILL FETCH MORE PRICE THIS IS WHAT IS KNOWN AS VALUE ADDITION EXTRACTION OF JUICE FROM FRUIT WILL ALSO CREATE EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
  • 4. WHAT IS NEEDED SUITABLE EQUIPMENT FOR EXTRACTION OF JUICE FROM FRUIT SKILL FOR THE OPERATION OF MACHINE KNOWLEDGE FOR THE REPAIR OF MACHINE SALE THE FRUIT LOCALLY AS SOON AS IT IS EXTRACTED OR PACK THE JUICE AND SALE IT LOCALLY OR OTHER PLACES THE PROCESS OF EXTRACTION OF JUICE FROM FRUIT IS KNOWN AS MANUFACTRING OF JUICE
  • 5. MASS PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTION BY MASSES <ul><li>MASS PRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>MANUFACTRING OF PRODUCT ON LARGE SCALE BY USING SOPHISTICATED MACHINE AND BY USING MINIMUM MANPOWER </li></ul><ul><li>LARGE PRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>MINIMUM EMPLOYMENT GENERATION </li></ul><ul><li>LARGE CAPITAL INVESTMENT </li></ul><ul><li>LARGE SPACE </li></ul><ul><li>EASY TO MAINTAIN QUALITY OF PRODUCT </li></ul>
  • 6. PRODUCTION BY MASSES MANUFACTURING ON SMALL SCALE IS IT POSSIBLE TO DO LARGE SCALE PRODUCTION BY USING THE PRINCIPLE OF PRODUCTION BY MASSES YES SMALL SCALE PRODUCTION OF SAME PRODUCT AT DIFFERENT PLACES BY THE GROUP OF PEOPLE THIS MODEL IS KNOWN AS CLUSTER ACTIVITY MANUFACTURE OF KHADI IS TYPICAL EXAMPLE OF CLUSTER ACTIVITY
  • 7. STEPS INVOLVED IN KHADI MANUFACTURE <ul><li>DEFINITION </li></ul><ul><li>CLOTH PRODUCED BY HAND SPINNING AND HAND WEAVING </li></ul><ul><li>FIBRES USED </li></ul><ul><li>COTTON </li></ul><ul><li>SILK </li></ul><ul><li>WOOL </li></ul>
  • 8. STEPS INVOLVED IN COTTON KHADI PRODUCTION RAW MATERIAL COTTON FROM FIELD GINNING: REMOVAL OF COTTON SEEDS CONVERSION OF FIBRE INTO ROVING CONVERSION OF ROVING INTO YARN (SPINNING) CONVERSION OF YARN INTO FABRIC (WEAVING) DYEING PRINTING FINISHING GARMENT MANUFACTURE LARGE NUMBER OF STEPS GOOD PRODUCT FOR CLUSTER ACTIVITY
  • 9. VALUE ADDITION AT EACH STEP GINNING : REMOVAL OF COTTON SEEDS GINNED COTTON IS EXPENSIVE THAN COTTON WITH SEEDS FIBRE TO ROVING VALUE ADDITION ROVING TO YARN VALUE ADDITION YARN TO FABRIC VALUE ADDITION FABRIC DYEING, PRINTING, FINISHING VALUE ADDITION FABRIC TO GARMENT VALUE ADDITION
  • 10. SCOPE FOR CLUSTER ACTIVITY GINNING MACHINE REQUIRED ONE (GINNING MACHINE) EMPLOYMENT GENERATION UPTO 5 PERSONS FIBRE TO ROVING MACHINES REQUIRED FIVE EMPLOYMENT GENERATION MORE THAN 10 PERSONS ROVING TO YARN (SPINNIG) MACHINE REQUIRED ONE (AMBER CHARKHA) EMPLOYMENT GENERATION ONE PERSON PER CHARKHA EACH OF FOLLOWING ACTIVITIES CAN BE CARRIED OUT IN CLUSTER
  • 11. YARN TO FABRIC (WEAVING) MACHINE USED HANDLOOM EMPLOYMENT GENERATION 1-2 PERSONS PER LOOM + WHOLE FAMILY FOR OTHER WEAVING RELATED WORK FABRIC DYEING, PRINTING, FINISHING MACHINES USED 3-5 EMPLOYMENT GENERATION 3-5 PERSONS FOR EACH ACTIVITY GARMENT STICHING MACHINES GARMENT STITCHING MACHINE EMPLOYMENT GENERATION 1 PERSON PER STITCHING MACHINE + PERSONS FOR CLOTH CUTING AND GARMENT PRESSING
  • 12. TECHNICAL INPUTS REQUIRED <ul><li>KNOWLEDGE OF PROCESS PARAMETERS </li></ul><ul><li>MACHINE REPAIR AND MAINTENANCE </li></ul><ul><li>QUALITY ASSURANCE </li></ul><ul><li>PRODUCT DEVELOPMNT </li></ul><ul><li>MARKETING </li></ul>
  • 13. TECHNICAL INPUTS AVAILABLE FROM MAHATMA GANDHI INSTITUTE OF RURAL INDUSTRIALIZATION
  • 14. QUALITY ASSURANCE MANUAL ESSENTIAL TO SET UP QUALITY ASSURANCE LABORATORIES IN DIFFERENT ZONES
  • 15. BOOKLET ON FINISHING OF KHADI GARMENTS
  • 16. TECHNOLOGY OF DYEING OF KHADI WITH NATURAL DYES TECHNOLOGY OF MERCERIZATION OF KHADI YARN TECHNOLOGY READY FOR TRANSFER TECHNOLOGY READY FOR TRANSFER

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