Early Societies and the Role of the Emperor (1)<br />Oldest pottery in China from the Yangshao period ( 5000 to 3000BC).<br />Evidence of agriculture, animal domestication, firing of pottery and growing of silk woms for textiles.<br />Oracle bones from the Shang Dynasty (600-1050BC). <br />
Early Societies and the Role of the Emperor (2)<br />Dynastic tradition: relationship between heaven and earth. <br />Emperor: ‘Son of Heaven’<br />Ruling on earth was a ‘Mandate of Heaven’<br />Natural disasters etc. viewed as evidence of decline of he dynasty and proof of evil actions by the emperor. <br />
Early Societies and the Role of the Emperor (3)<br />Dynastic rule was cyclical<br />Earliest recordings of dynastic rule begin with the Shang and Zhou dynasties. <br />Much of what we know about the early emperors is based around legends. <br />
Qin Dynasty (221-206BC)<br />A unified Imperial Chin begins with Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi. <br />Established the dynastic cycle of emperors.<br />Standardized money, measurements, legal rights, writing and even began what would later become the Great Wall. <br />
Han Dynasties (206BC-22AD)<br />Golden age of Chinese history. <br />Emperor Gaodi founded the Han Dynasty.<br />Han Wudi took control in 141BC and made efforts to expand the Chinese empire.<br />Time when paper paper was invented and first Chinese dictionary produced. <br />
Tang dynasty (618-907)<br />Borders of Chinese empire expanded from Tibet into Siberia and from eastern Korea down to preset day Vietnam. <br />A time famed four its poetry.<br />Further trade routes across the Silk Road into India, South East Asia, and the Middle East. <br />
Song dynasties (960-1279)<br />Economic development paved the way for the emergence of a middle class. <br />Increasing interest in the writings of Confucius. <br />Early 13th century the Mongols invaded northern China and in 1279 overtook the Song dynasty. <br />
Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368)<br />First non-Han Chinese Dynasty. <br />Yuan dynasty established due to efforts of Genghis Khan, his grandson Kublai Lhan was sent to conquer China. <br />Trade increased between Mongolia, China and Europe. <br />Marco Polo spends some time in China. <br />
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)<br />Regarded as a period of stability, unity and peace. <br />Time when some of the greatest tales and texts to come out of china were written. <br />Yong Le moved the capital from Nanjing to Beijing where Forbidden Palace was established. <br />Portuguese landed in Macao<br />
Qing dynasty (1644-1911)<br />During Qing dynasty population doubled in 50 years. <br />Emperor Kangxi was responsible for compiling dictionary of 40,000 characters and the most comprehensive encyclopedia of China. <br />Emperor Qianlong expanded China to its largest extent: more than 4 million square miles. <br />A lot of changes at the end of the 19th century. Sun Yat-Sen was inaugurated on January 1, 1912 as the first president of the Chinese Republic. <br />
Early Days of the Republic <br />Two political parties emerged: the Nationalist party (Kuomintang) and the Communist Party.<br />1926, Nationalists pushed Communists out of the joint part they formed. <br />Communists fled rom Shanghai to Nanjing. <br />1931 Japanese invaded China and occupied Nanjing – extremely violent event. <br />1926-1934 Communists led by Mao Zedong began their journey and created an independent communist state in 1935. <br />
Communist Rule and the People’s Republic of China<br />1949 Mao Zedong founded People’s Republic of China. <br />Land reforms in the 1950s. <br />1958 launched the Great Leap Forward<br />Cultural Revolution<br />Deng Xiaoping’s economic reforms<br />1989 Tiananmen square event.<br />
China has come a long way…<br />China established itself as a major economic and technological presence in the world<br />2001: China admitted to the WTO<br />2008: Beijing hosted the Olympics<br />Population suffers an ever widening gap between rich and poor. <br />
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