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    History History Presentation Transcript

    • Historical Development Travel and Tourism
    • Background
      • The development of the travel and tourism industry:
      • origins in the growth of the middle classes in Britain
      • here that the industrial revolution began
      • the introduction of holiday time as a working right
    • Communications: Rail
      • Growth of the train network that preceded the second world war hit the buffers during the 1950s and 60s
      • Government cut large number of train lines and stations. Closure programme recommended by BR chief Dr Beeching
      • Loss of about 50% of Britain’s network over a number of years
    • Focus
        • For your studies it’s sufficient to know about how the industry has grown since the end of World War 2.
        • Three Pre-Requisites for T & T:
        • Improvements to communications
        • Transport for the masses
        • Increased leisure time
    • Communications: Rail
      • The cuts have since been portrayed as a mistake:
      • Cut off communities from each other
      • Lost modern parts of the network
      • Focused the train network on London to detriment of regions
      • Failed to save much money
    • Communications: Rail
      • British railway network at its peak covered more than 20,000 miles
      • It now covers approximately 10,000 miles
      • Analysts believe that this will be reduced further
      • Many country lines loss-making serve few passengers
    • Mass Transport
      • Transport Minister who gave job to Dr Beeching was former director of road-building firm
      • Roads have offered successive governments a number of advantages over railways
      • This has affected UK transport policy
    • UK Roads Policy
      • Government builds a road network in collaboration with the large construction firms
      • Consumers or business must buy vehicles to use the network
      • Government raises tax revenue through vehicle excise duty (road fund tax) and fuel duty (petrol tax)
    • Air Transport Infrastructure
      • 1980 approximately 50 million people used UK airports
      • 2000 there were 180 million flyers
      • Expected to rise to 500 million by 2030
      • Airports privatised and expanded
    • Impact of Rail Disasters
      • Southall, Ladbroke Grove, Hatfield and Potters Bar train crashes in 2000 to 2002
      • Chaos affected the rail industry at that time
      • Significant numbers of people began to travel by plane within the UK
    • Increased Leisure Time
      • Governments have enacted legislation to ensure that workers are able to take holidays
      • Changes in people’s lives both at work and at home
      • Consumer products such as washing machines, driers and dishwashers have become more affordable
    • Increased Leisure Time
      • Technological impact
      • Increased affluence
      • People have greater leisure time on their hands
      • All of the above have underpinned the growth of the UK travel and tourism industry