Country side


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Country side

  1. 1. Tourism in the Countryside
  2. 2. What do we mean by ‘the countryside’? <ul><li>Places left largely untouched by large-scale human development? </li></ul><ul><li>Havens for wildlife? </li></ul><ul><li>Sources of inspiration for all? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the countryside the same wherever you are ? </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is the Government’s view? <ul><li>The countryside consists of “rural landscapes, green spaces, wildlife and the heritage features created by man's interaction with them….” </li></ul><ul><li>These “lie at the heart of why people value the countryside so highly.” </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Defra Rural White Paper 2000 </li></ul>
  4. 4. What tourist activities take place in the countryside? <ul><li>Walking is by far the most popular activity in the countryside, with 35% of countryside visits and 27% of seaside visits where walking identified as the main activity done during the visit. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: The UK Day Visits Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Other important countryside activities are: cycling, horse-riding, angling and fishing, game shooting and wildfowling, canoeing, sailing and boating. </li></ul>
  5. 5. How has countryside tourism developed? <ul><li>In the late 1700s, poet William Wordsworth described the Lake District as &quot;a sort of national property, in which every man has a right and an interest who has an eye to perceive and a heart to enjoy.“ </li></ul><ul><li>No formal working class countryside tourism until the Industrial Revolution </li></ul>
  6. 6. Milestones in countryside tourism development <ul><li>Not until the late 19th and early 20th century that the idea of holidays and weekends spread down the social scale. </li></ul><ul><li>The development of the railways in the Victorian era helped promote tourism to the wider population. </li></ul><ul><li>Taking a holiday meant getting away from often cramped, urban, industrial conditions. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Milestones in countryside tourism development <ul><li>New railway lines meant that people could visit seaside tourist locations such as Cleethorpes, Skegness, Clacton and Blackpool. </li></ul><ul><li>Until the 1930s taking a break of more than a day or two could mean going without pay. </li></ul><ul><li>Holidays With Pay Act 1938 established the idea that paid leave to ‘get away from it all’ was justified. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Milestones in countryside tourism development <ul><li>Before the 1938 Act, people who took a holiday without being paid usually looked for a cheap one. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1930s one of the cheapest ways to have a holiday was to rent a ‘plotland’ bungalow. </li></ul><ul><li>The word 'plotlands' meant places where, until the end of the 1930s, land was divided into small plots and sold to people wanting to build their holiday home or smallholding. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Milestones in countryside tourism development <ul><li>Plotland developments were the means for some people to experience family holidays for the first time. </li></ul><ul><li>The Town and Country Planning Act 1947 effectively put to an end the spread of plotland development. </li></ul><ul><li>Merely owning a piece of land was not sufficient to develop it, you had to have planning permission. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Milestones in countryside tourism development <ul><li>National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949. </li></ul><ul><li>Aimed to establish national parks . </li></ul><ul><li>To preserve and enhance their natural beauty and provide recreational opportunities for the general public. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Milestones in countryside tourism development <ul><li>Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) are also recognised by the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949. </li></ul><ul><li>AONB are landscapes whose distinctive character and natural beauty are so outstanding that it is in the nation's interest to safeguard them. </li></ul><ul><li>40 AONB in England and Wales and 9 AONB in Northern Ireland. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Milestones in countryside tourism development <ul><li>1950s saw the creation of ten National Parks starting with the Peak District. </li></ul><ul><li>Lake District, Snowdonia, Dartmoor, Pembrokeshire Coast, North York Moors, Yorkshire Dales, Exmoor, Northumberland and Brecon Beacons, followed. </li></ul><ul><li>1988 creation of the Norfolk and Suffolk Broads National Park. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Milestones in countryside tourism development <ul><li>The Countryside and Rights of Way Act (CRoW) 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>Extends the 'right to roam' to many areas of privately owned land. </li></ul><ul><li>Go to Biz/ed’s ‘Countryside change as the CRoW flies’ for more: </li></ul>
  14. 14. Milestones in countryside tourism development <ul><li>In 2005, two National Parks in Scotland are established at Cairngorms and Loch Lomond and the Trossachs. </li></ul><ul><li>New National Park status for the New Forest and soon, the South Downs. </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of tourism in countryside clearly grown. </li></ul><ul><li>Now go to the Activity for more. </li></ul>