Rajul computer presentation


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Rajul computer presentation

  1. 1. Computer Virus and Antivirus A presentation by Rajul jain X ‘B’ 1
  2. 2. Computer virus concept • Definition of Computer Virus • Types of Computer Virus • Causes & Effects of computer Virus • Prevention &cure of Computer Virus • Conclusion 2
  3. 3. Computer virus concept What is Computer Virus? • Definition -- Virus: A self-replicating piece of computer code that can partially or fully attach itself to files or applications, and can cause your computer to do something you don't want it to do. • Similarities between biological virus (like " HIV " ) and computer virus: • Need a host for residence. • Capable of self-replicate • Cause damage to the host. • Difference: Computer viruses are created by human. 3
  4. 4. Computer virus concept Types of Computer Virus • Resident Viruses • Direct Action Viruses • Overwrite Viruses • Boot-sector Virus • Macro Virus • Directory Virus • Polymorphic Virus 4
  5. 5. Computer virus concept Virus Characteristics • Memory Resident: Loads in memory where it can easily replicate itself into programs of boot sectors. Most common. • Non-Resident: Does not stay in memory after the host program is closed, thus can only infect while the program is open. Not as common. • Stealth: The ability to hide from detection and repair in two ways. - Virus redirects disk reads to avoid detection. - Disk directory data is altered to hide the additional bytes of the virus. 5
  6. 6. Computer Virus Concept Virus Characteristics • Encrypting: Technique of hiding by transformation. Virus code converts itself into cryptic symbols. However, in order to launch (execute) and spread the virus must decrypt and can then be detected. • Polymorphic: Ability to change code segments to look different from one infection to another. This type of virus is a challenge for ant-virus detection methods. 6
  7. 7. Computer virus concept How does computer virus work? • The Basic Rule: A virus is inactive until the infected program is run or boot record is read. As the virus is activated, it loads into the computers memory where it can spread itself. • Boot Infectors: If the boot code on the drive is infected, the virus will be loaded into memory on every startup. From memory, the boot virus can travel to every disk that is read and the infection spreads. • Program Infectors: When an infected application is run, the virus activates and is loaded into memory. While the virus is in memory, any program file subsequently run becomes infected. 7
  8. 8. Causes & Effect of Computer Virus A computer viruses can infect the program and it may lead to loss of important data These viruses are transfers to our data through any floppy or cd If any infected file is copy in your system then it will infect the other files and function too 8
  9. 9. Analyze three common viruses Macro Virus • What is Macro virus • A type of computer virus that is encoded as a macro embedded in a document. • According to some estimates, 75% of all viruses today are macro viruses. • Once a macro virus gets onto your machine, it can embed itself in all future documents you create with the application. • In many cases macro viruses cause no damage to data; but in some cases malicious macros have been written that can damage your work. • The first macro virus was discovered in the summer of 1995. Since that time, other macro viruses have appeared. 9
  10. 10. Analyze three common viruses Macro Virus • How does it spread? • When you share the file with another user, the attached macro or script goes with the file. Most macro viruses are designed to run, or attack, when you first open the file. If the file is opened into its related application, the macro virus is executed and infect other documents. • The infection process of the macro virus can be triggered by opening a Microsoft Office document or even Office Application itself, like Word, Excel. The virus can attempt to avoid detection by changing or disabling the built-in macro warnings, or by removing menu commands 10
  11. 11. Antivirus Technologies • How to detect virus? • How to clean virus? • Best Practices 11
  12. 12. Antivirus technology Prevention &cure of Computer Virus • Some Symptoms • Program takes longer to load. • The program size keeps changing. • The drive light keeps flashing when you are not doing anything. • User created files have strange names. • The computer doesn't remember CMOS settings. 12
  13. 13. Antivirus technology How to detect virus? • Use Antivirus Software to scan the computer memory and disks. • A memory-resident anti-virus software can be used to continuously monitor the computer for viruses. • Scan your hard disk with an anti-virus software. You should make sure that an up-to-date virus definition data have been applied. • Use server-based anti-virus software to protect your network. 13
  14. 14. Antivirus Technology How to clean virus? • All activities on infected machine should be stopped and it should be detached from the network. • Recover from backup is the most secure and effective way to recover the system and files. • In some cases, you may recover the boot sector, partition table and even the BIOS data using the emergency recovery disk. • In case you do not have the latest backup of your files, you may try to remove the virus using anti-virus software. 14
  15. 15. Antivirus Technology How to clean virus? The steps to reinstall the whole system – 1. Reboot the PC using a clean startup disk. 2. Type in MBR to rewrite the Master Boot Record. 3. Format DOS partitions. 4. Reinstall Windows XP or other os and other applications. 5. Install Antivirus Software and apply the latest virus definition data. 15
  16. 16. Conclusion • I think we should not use the pc without any antivirus security as it may cause damage to our important data Do not copy or transfer any data or file without scanning the disk 16
  17. 17. Thank You 17