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Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt
Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt
Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt
Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt
Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt
Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt
Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt
Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt
Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt
Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt
Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt
Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt
Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt
Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt
Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt
Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt
Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt
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Contents Of A Research Repor Tppt

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These slides are based on the preparation of a research Report

These slides are based on the preparation of a research Report

Published in: Education, Technology
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  • 1. CONTENTS OF A RESEARCH REPORT Dr. Neeru Sharma Department of Home Science
  • 2. RESEARCH REPORT American Psychological Association
    • TITLE PAGE
    • Title
    • Author’s name
    • Running Head
    • ABSTRACT
    • INTRODUCTION (no heading)
    • Statement of the problem
    • Background/ review
    • Purpose and rationale/hypothesis
    • METHOD
    • Subject
    • Apparatus or instrumentation
    • Procedure
    • RESULTS
    • Tables and figures
    • Statistical presentation
    • DISCUSSION
    • Support or nonsupport of hypo
    • Practical and theoretical implications
    • Conclusion
    • REFERENCES
    • APPENDIX
  • 3. ABSTRACT
    • Briefly states the salient features of the article in 200-250 words.
    • Briefly tells about the substantial and methodological issues involved and key conclusions
    • Acronyms and abbreviations are excluded from abstracts
  • 4. INTRODUCTION
    • Informs the reader what the study is all about
    • Gives nature, scope and justification of the study
    • Theoretical importance and practical significance also shown
    • Aims and objectives described
    • Shows writers grasp of the content
    • New facts and fresh insight brought to light
    • At the doctorate and post doctoral levels originality is expected
  • 5. Questions to be asked in the end
    • Is the problem clearly stated?
    • Is the problem properly delimited?
    • Is the significance of the problem recognized?
    • Are hypotheses clearly stated and testable?
    • Are assumptions, limitations, and delimitations stated?
    • Are important terms defined?
    • What do you hope to achieve?
  • 6. REVIEW OF LITERATURE
    • Involves thorough search from sources- Libraries, documentation centers, private collections, internet, catalogues, newspapers, periodicals, magazines, bibliographies, abstracts , archives etc
    • Discus with others working in the same field and exchange notes
    • Make best use of whatever is available
    • Catalogues are available authorwize, subject-wise and language or regionwize
    • Going through matter make notes
    • Passages copied verbatim are placed within quotes
    • Note the exact page from which copied
    • It is not permissible to change the original wording of material within inverted commas
    • Paraphrasing may be done when direct quotation is not required.
  • 7.
    • If you begin sorting and organizing your annotations by themes, issues of concern, common shortcomings a pattern would start emerging
    • Develop a structure.
    • Make a potential modifiable outline for your literature early,
    • Footnotes and references should be complete in all respects
    • References may be arranged topic wise- alphabetically or numerically
    • Use reference cards.
    • Be sure to pass a draft to your supervisor early on
    • Be prepared to redraft two or three times.
  • 8. Questions to be asked
    • Is it adequately covered?
    • Are important findings noted?
    • Is it well organized?
    • Is an effective summary provided?
    • Is the literature directly relevant to the problem and hypotheses?
  • 9. METHOD OF RESEARCH
    • Techniques used for carrying out the work
    • Sample- size, location, techniques used selection, controls
    • Major demographic characteristics such as age, sex, SES may be included
    • Tools used for study- observation interview, experiment ,etc
    • Data collection- Procedure, problems encountered, pre testing etc
    • Analysis- Method of analysis- content or statistical
  • 10. QUESTIONS TO BE ASKED
    • Is the research design described in detail?
    • Is it adequate?
    • Are the samples described in detail?
    • Are relevant variables recognized?
    • Are appropriate controls provided to established experimental validity?
    • Are data gathering instruments appropriate?
    • Are validity and reliability of the instruments established?
    • Can the sample and the procedure be replicated based on the information and the references given?
  • 11. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
    • Presents the data and statistical analyses without discussing the implications of the findings
    • Individual scores or raw data are presented in single subject or very small sample size studies
    • All relevant findings are presented including those that do not support the hypothesis.
    • Tables and figures are useful to supplement textual material.
    • They should be used when the data cannot readily presented in few sentences in the text.
    • Data in the text and in tables or figures should not be redundant
    • The level of significance for the statistical analyses should be presented.
  • 12. DISCUSSION
    • Includes analysis, interpretation and meaning of findings
    • Determine the implications of the study including whether the hypotheses were supported or should be rejected
    • It is appropriate to discuss both theoretical implications and practical applications
    • Brief discussion about limitations and proposals for future research
    • New hypotheses may be proposed if the data do not support the original hypotheses
    • Conclusions should also be included that reflect whether the original problem was better understood
    • Elaborate concise statements with appropriate instances, anecdotes or cases to drive home your point
  • 13. QUESTIONS TO BE ASKED
    • Is the discussion clear and concise?
    • Is the problem or hypothesis restated appropriately?
    • Is the analyses objective?
    • Are the findings and conclusions justified by the data presented and analyzed?
    • Did the author generalize appropriately or too much?
  • 14. SUMMARY
    • Wrap up the things
    • Clinch the issue under discussion
    • The main points from the main body starting from brief introduction
    • including hypotheses and objectives; methodology, and important findings may be stated
    • Their implications for policy making are drawn
    • Suggestions for future research are made
    • New data are not brought in
    • Summary is not an abstract
    • Unlike the latter it may even refer to tables and figures in the main body of the report.
  • 15. QUESTIONS TO BE ASKED
    • Is the statistical treatment appropriate?
    • Is the appropriate use made of tables and figures?
    • Is the analysis of data relationships logical, perspective and objective?
  • 16. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
    • Thank all the people who helped in carrying out the study
    • Thanks are due to the respondents, community leaders etc
    • Thank the supervisor, friends and colleagues, family members
    • Avoid name dropping
  • 17. APPENDIX
    • Superfluous tables are given in the end
    • Tools used for the study
    • Your publications related to the study
    • Any other relevant information you want to share with the audience

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