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Christmas lights 20140202_1800_pwd_atl
Christmas lights 20140202_1800_pwd_atl
Christmas lights 20140202_1800_pwd_atl
Christmas lights 20140202_1800_pwd_atl
Christmas lights 20140202_1800_pwd_atl
Christmas lights 20140202_1800_pwd_atl
Christmas lights 20140202_1800_pwd_atl
Christmas lights 20140202_1800_pwd_atl
Christmas lights 20140202_1800_pwd_atl
Christmas lights 20140202_1800_pwd_atl
Christmas lights 20140202_1800_pwd_atl
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Christmas lights 20140202_1800_pwd_atl

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  • 1. Proposal for House Brand Christmas Lights ( Decorative Light Strings) by Mike Singh 1
  • 2. Types of Christmas Lights (Decorative Light Strings) For Indoor use only - Incandescent - LED For Outdoor use - Incandescent - LED - LED (solar powered) Indoor-use only; Light Strings are marked with UL's GREEN holographic label. Indoor or outdoor-use; Light Strings are marked with UL's RED holographic label. Click here, for more information. Features that may be desired by customers: - Automatic Dusk to Dawn - Low Wattage - Multiple colors - Moving Lights - Moving Lights; Different Speeds 2
  • 3. Performance Comparison Incandescent Bulbs Vs LEDs Traditional Incandescent Bulbs Low-Wattage Incandescent Bulbs LEDs 20% Approximately 30% Approximately 100% Approximately High (0.3 to 6.7 watts) Lower (0.15 to 0.23 watts) Lowest (0.006 to 0.320 watts) Short Short Very Long Hassles of replacement of bad light source Yes Yes No Initial Cost Low Higher Highest Aesthetics Warm Colors Warm Colors Colors are not so warm. Power Savings; % of Energy converted to Light Running Cost (Energy Consumption) Life Some of the data has been obtained from PGE. 3
  • 4. Performance Comparison Energy savings for LEDs vs Incandescent Bulbs Actual numbers for regular wattage light sources. Similar comparison could be made for Decorative String Light sources. Incandescent LEDs Life Span 1,500 hours 50,000 hours Cost Low ($0.50) High ($20) High (60 watts) Low (6 watts) Price of Electricity / hour (at $0.10/kwh) $0.006 $.0006 Electricity cost, used over 50,000 hours $300 $30 34 1 Replacement cost of Light Source $17.00 $0 Total Lighting cost; over 50,000 hours $317 $50 Total Lighting cost; over 1,000 hours; $6.50 $20.06 $32.00 $23.00 Wattage Bulbs needed , for 50,000 hours (Numbers are more in line with usage o f Decorative String Lights) Total Lighting cost; over 5,000 hours; (5 seasons) (Numbers are more in line with usage o f Decorative String Lights) This table is based on data from http://phillihp.com/2013/04/11/an-even-more-efficient-light-created-by-philips/ 4
  • 5. Performance Comparison Energy savings for LEDs vs Incandescent Bulbs The graph below represents the last 2 rows in the table on the previous page. cost of 60 watt incandescent bulbs + electricity cost of 6 watt LED light source + electricty $40.00 $35.00 $30.00 $25.00 $20.00 $15.00 $10.00 $5.00 $0.00 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 5000 5
  • 6. Safety, Regulatory & Performance Standards  UL 588; Standard for Seasonal and Holiday Decorative Products. These requirements cover temporary-use, seasonal decorative-lighting products and accessories with a maximum input voltage rating of 120 V to be used in accordance with the National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70. Temporary-use is considered to be a period of installation and use not exceeding 90 days.  Click here, to see/purchase the UL588 standard.  C22.2 NO. 37-M1989 (R2013) . CSA standard for Christmas Tree and Other Decorative Lighting Outfits. This Standard applies to Christmas tree and other decorative lighting outfits, intended for connection to circuits of 125 V or less between conductors by means of an attachment plug cap, and designed to be used in accordance with the rules of the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I.  Click here, to see/purchase the CSA standard. 6
  • 7. California Proposition 65:  In 1986, California voters approved an initiative to address their growing concerns about exposure to toxic chemicals. That initiative became the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986, better known by its original name of Proposition 65. Proposition 65 requires the State to publish a list of chemicals known to cause cancer or birth defects or other reproductive harm. This list, which must be updated at least once a year, has grown to include approximately 800 chemicals since it was first published in 1987.  Most likely, like other electrical products sold at Home Depot, it will need the warning label for California Proposition 65.  Click here to learn more about California Proposition 65.  Click here to see the California Proposition 65 List, dated January 31, 2014.  Click here to learn more about Clear and Reasonable Warning for California Proposition 65.  Click here to see an image of a warning label. 7
  • 8. Energy Star  Energy Star (trademarked ENERGY STAR) is an international standard for energy efficient consumer products. It originated in the USA. It was created in 1992 by the EPA and the Department of Energy. Since then, Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, Taiwan and the European Union have adopted the program. Devices carrying the Energy Star service mark, generally use 20–30% less energy than required by federal standards. In the USA, the Energy Star label is also shown on Energy Guide appliance label of qualifying products.  Click here, to know more about the Energy Star Program Requirements for ‘Decorative Light Strings’, and Test Procedure and Eligibility Criteria. 8
  • 9. List of Testing Companies The following companies can test the Christmas Lights (Decorative Light Strings) to the required Safety, Regulatory & Performance Standards.  Bureau Veritas  Intertek.  SGS (Société Générale de Surveillance)  TÜV (Technical Inspection Association)  UL 9
  • 10. List of UL Certified Manufacturers UL's Decorative Light String - No Strike Lists  No Strike List -1 - Consists of applicants with manufacturers that have had samples selected during the Market Survey program and have not had a strike under the UL 588 Two Strike Program for a minimum of three consecutive years.  No Strike List -2 - Consists of applicants with manufacturers that have not had a strike under the UL 588 Two Strike Program for a minimum of three consecutive years but did not have samples selected during the Market Survey program.  Click here to see the list of UL Certified Manufacturers. 10
  • 11. Bibliography  California, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. http://oehha.ca.gov/index.html  Energy Star. http://www.energyStar.gov  Intertek. Click here to see the list of Global Lighting Standards that Intertek can test products to.  PGE. Click here for Analysis of Standards Options for Decorative String Lighting.  Phillips. http://phillihp.com/2013/04/11/an-even-more-efficient-light-created-by-philips/  Underwriters Laboratories. http://www.ul.com  Vance Brand. www.loveChristmasLights.com 11

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