Pharmacognosy 5th sem
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  • 1. FACULTY OF PHARMACY Course Module Subject: PHARMACOGNOSY-IV Subject Code: PHM 3.5.4 Class: B.Pharmacy Semester -V Total Lectures: 45 Theory: 4 hr/week Practical: 4 hr/week Lecturer: Mr. Neeraj Choudhary Phone: 09417590856 E-mail: Neeraj_pharm2008@rediffmail.com Objectives: The major objective of this subject to study the modern and advancement in Herbal Drug Resarch. The knowledge and deep understanding of Pharmacognosy helps a student to apply the knowledge in herbal pharmaceutical industry. Teaching Methods: Lectures, Tests, Assignments, Presentations and activities Module Outline: Lectures Topics 1. Biological sources, Prepration ,identifications tests and uses of the following enzymes- Diastase, papain, pepsin, trypsin, pancreartin 2. -do- 3. Plant bitters and sweeteners. 4. -do- 5. Role of medicinal plant and aromatic plants in national economy. 6. -do- 7. General biosynthetic pathways of natural products like alkaloids, glycosides, terpenoids, lignans,quassinoids, carotenoids and flavonoids. 8. -do- 9. -do- 10. -do- 11. -do- 12. Systematic study of source, cultivation, collection, processing, commercial varieties, chemical constituents,substitutes, adulterants, uses, and specific chemical tests of following alkaloid containing drugs : 13. Pyridine - piperidine: Tobacco, areca and lobelia 14. -do- 15. -do- 16. Tropane: Belladonna, hyoscyamus, datura, duboisia, coca and withania. 17. -do- 18. -do- 19. -do- 20. Quinoline and isoquinoline: cinchona, ipecac, opium 21. -do- 22. -do- 23. Indole: Ergot, rauwolfia, catharanthus, nux-vomica and physostigma.
  • 2. 24. -do- 25. -do- 26. -do- 27. Imidazole: Pilocarpus 28. Steroidal: Veratrum and kurchi 29. Alkaloidal amine: Ephedra and colchicum 30. Glycoalkaloid: Solanum 31. Purines: Coffee, tea and cola 32. -do- 33. Introduction, classification and study of different chromatographic methods and their applications inevaluation of herbal drugs. 34. -do- 35. -do- Modes of Assessment: Modes of Assessment Score Assignment 10 Presentation 10 Mid semester exam 40 st 1 Hourly test 20 2nd Hourly test 20 Total marks 100 Books Recommended 1. Trease, G. E. and Evans, W.C. Pharmacognosy, Published by Elsevier, a Division of Reed Elsevier India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. 2. Kokate, C.K., Purohit, A.P. and Gokhale, S.B Pharmacognosy, Nirali Prakashan, Pune. 3. Handa, S.S and Kapoor, V.K. Textbook of Pharmacognosy, Vallabh Prashan, New Delhi. 4. Medicinal Plants of India. ICMR, New Delhi. 5. Wallis, T.E. Textbook of Pharmacognosy, Fifth Edition, CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi. 6. Tyler, V.C., Brady, L.R. and Robers, J.E. Pharmacognosy. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia. Topics for Presentation & Assignments Role of medicinal and aromatic plants in piperidine: Tobacco national economy. Tropane: Belladonna, hyoscyamus, datura, Plant bitters and sweeteners. duboisia, coca and withania Imidazole: Pilocarpus Glycoalkaloid: Solanum Purines: Coffee, tea and cola. Imidazole: Pilocarpus General biosynthetic pathways of natural Introduction, classification and study of products like alkaloids, glycosides, different chromatographic methods and their terpenoids, lignans,quassinoids, carotenoids applications inevaluation of herbal drugs. and flavonoids. Imidazole: Pilocarpus Steroidal: Veratrum and kurchi Quinoline and isoquinoline: cinchona, Tropane: Belladonna, hyoscyamus, datura, ipecac, opium duboisia, coca and withania.
  • 3. Pharmacognosy Practical S.No. Name of experiment 1 General introduction to Alkaloids 2 To study the powder microscopy of the Ashwagandha. 3 To study the powder microscopy of the Rauwolfia. 4 To study the powder microscopy of the cinchona. 5 To study the powder macroscopy of the Nux-vomica. 6 To study the powder microscopy of the vinca. 7 To study the powder microscopy of the punarnava. 8 To study the powder microscopy of the ipeac. 9 To study the powder microscopy of the senna. 10 To prepare TLC plate 11 To isolate caffeine from tea . 12 To perform the TLC of Nux-vomica and Caffeine. 13 To Study the organoleptic characters of the drugs. 14 To carry out the T.S of clove 15 To carry out the T.S of coriander. 16 To Study organoleptic characters of the drugs. 17.. To carry out the T.S of vincas Instruction for students: 1. Assignment must neatly presented 2. Late submission is not permissible and will attract minimum awards. 3. Presentation is compulsory 4. Each group is assigned different subject for the presentation day. 5. The presentation day attendance is equivalent to 4 lectures. 6. The synopsis must be submitted one week before the presentation. 7. 75% attendance is mandatory, below this percentage; student will not be allowed to appear in the examination. 8. The student will record the details of practicals in the practical note book and get it checked every time from the instructor after the experiment has been completed.