WhaT ISWhaT ISBIOMERTICBIOMERTICS?S?Biometrics (ancient Greek:Biometrics (ancient Greek: biosbios life,life, metronmetron measure) refers to twomeasure) refers to twovery different fields of study and application. The first, which is thevery different fields of study and application. The first, which is theolder and is used in biological studies, including forestry,, analysisolder and is used in biological studies, including forestry,, analysisand management of quantitative data on biological communities suchand management of quantitative data on biological communities suchas forests.as forests.Biometrics is the science and technology of measuring andBiometrics is the science and technology of measuring andanalyzing biological data . In information technology,biometrics refersanalyzing biological data . In information technology,biometrics refersto technologies that measure and analyze human bodyto technologies that measure and analyze human bodycharacteristics such as fingerprints, eye retina and irises, voicecharacteristics such as fingerprints, eye retina and irises, voicepatterns, facial patterns for authentication purposes.patterns, facial patterns for authentication purposes.Some researchers have coined the term behaviometrics forSome researchers have coined the term behaviometrics forbehavioral biometrics such asbehavioral biometrics such as typing rhythmstyping rhythms oror mouse gesturesmouse gestures
OVERVIEWOVERVIEWPossession-basedPossession-based::using one specificusing one specifictoken such astoken such assecurity cardsecurity cardKnowledge-basedKnowledge-based::the use of codethe use of codeor passwordor password
COMMON hUMaN BIOMETRICCOMMON hUMaN BIOMETRICChaRaCTERSTICSChaRaCTERSTICS PhysiologicalPhysiological BehavioralBehavioral
BIOMETRICBIOMETRICTECHNOLOGIESTECHNOLOGIESIris scanningIris scanning:-:- No twoNo twoIris’s are alike, even on theIris’s are alike, even on thesame person.same person.Voice prinVoice printt:-used:-usedto compare theto compare theVoiceVoicePalm printPalm print :-:-This method helpsThis method helpsstreamline the process of people entering astreamline the process of people entering acountrycountry..Thumb printThumb print
FUNCTIONSFUNCTIONS VerificationVerification:-:-This function is used toThis function is used toauthenticate its users by using Smartauthenticate its users by using Smartcard, username or ID number.card, username or ID number. IdentificationIdentification:-:-it is used toit is used toauthenticate its users without the use ofauthenticate its users without the use ofsmart card, ID number.smart card, ID number.
SOCIOLOGICAL CONCERNSSOCIOLOGICAL CONCERNS PhysicalPhysical::for example, there are concerns thatfor example, there are concerns thatretina scanners might not always be cleanretina scanners might not always be clean Personal InformationPersonal Information::There are concerns whether our personalThere are concerns whether our personalinformation taken through biometricinformation taken through biometricmethods can misused or copying themethods can misused or copying thebiometric data.biometric data.
COMPARISION OF BIOMETRICSCOMPARISION OF BIOMETRICSTECHNOLOGIESTECHNOLOGIESParameters areParameters are::• UniversalityUniversality• UniquenessUniqueness• PermanencePermanence• CollectabilityCollectability• PerformancePerformance• AcceptabilityAcceptability• CircumventionCircumvention
COMPARISON OF vARIOuS BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGIES,COMPARISON OF vARIOuS BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGIES,MOdIFIEd FROM JAIN ET AL., 2004 (H=HIGH, M=MEdIuM,MOdIFIEd FROM JAIN ET AL., 2004 (H=HIGH, M=MEdIuM,L=LOwL=LOw))Biometrics: Universality Uniqueness Permanence Collectability Performance AcceptabilityCircumvention*FACE H L M H L H LFINGERPRINT M H H M H M HHANDGEOMETRYM M M H M M MKEYSTROKES L L L M L M MHAND VEINS M M M M M M HIRIS H H H M H L HRETINAL SCAN H H M L H L HSIGNATURE L L L H L H LVOICE M L L M L H LFACIALTHERMOGRAPHH H L H M H HODOR H H H L L M LDNA H H H L H L LGAIT M L L H L H MEAR CANAL M M H M M H M
FTA 7272FTA 7272Fingerprint identification based Time & Attendance systemFingerprint identification based Time & Attendance systemFeatures:Features:1)high speed1)high speed2)1-N identification2)1-N identification3)easy to use3)easy to use4)1500 user capacity4)1500 user capacity5.)Operating Temperature 0- 45 degree5.)Operating Temperature 0- 45 degree6)wireless system6)wireless system7)Identification time <= 2s7)Identification time <= 2sBenefits:Benefits:1) No proxy punching1) No proxy punching2) Improved productivity because of effective utilization of human2) Improved productivity because of effective utilization of humanrecourses.recourses.3) Disciplined office/factory environment3) Disciplined office/factory environment EBIOME BIOMETRIC PROduCT OFINdIA
ACCESS CONTROLACCESS CONTROLFEATURESFEATURES::Unlimited Users Unlimited Users Anti-Pass back Anti-Pass back Selective User Access Selective User Access Visitor and Contractor Cards Visitor and Contractor Cards Temporary Cards Temporary Cards Vehicle Control Vehicle Control Time Zones Time Zones Area Zones Area Zones Door Open Alarms Door Open Alarms Fire Alarms Fire Alarms Restrict Un-Authorized Restrict Un-Authorized Access Access