Windows xp


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Windows xp

  1. 1. XPExploring the Basics of Windows XP Exploring the Basics of 1
  2. 2. XP Objectives• Start Windows XP and tour the desktop• Explore the Start menu• Run software programs, switch between them, and close them• Manipulate windows• Identify and use the controls in menus, toolbars, and dialog boxes Exploring the Basics of 2
  3. 3. XP Objectives• Navigate your computer with Windows Explorer and My Computer• Change the view of the items in your computer• Get help when you need it• Shut down Windows Exploring the Basics of 3
  4. 4. XP Starting Windows XP• Windows XP – Starts when computer is turned on – Elements of the desktop • Icon • Pointer • Desktop • Date/Time control • Taskbar • Start button • Notification area Exploring the Basics of 4
  5. 5. XP Starting Windows XPFigure 1-1 shows the Windows XP desktop Exploring the Basics of 5
  6. 6. XP Starting Windows XP• Windows XP desktop uses a graphical user interface• Graphical user interface (GUI) – Displays icons to represent items stored on the computer • Icons: Pictures of familiar objects Exploring the Basics of 6
  7. 7. XP The Windows XP Desktop• Desktop – Area that appears on the screen when Windows XP starts – A workspace for projects and tools – Uses default settings when the computer is first started • Default settings: settings preset by the operating system – Appearance can be changed by the user Exploring the Basics of 7
  8. 8. XP Using a Pointing Device• A pointing device – Helps the user interact with objects on the computer screen – Comes in many shapes and sizes• Mouse – Most common pointing device Exploring the Basics of 8
  9. 9. XP Pointing• Pointing device – Used to move the mouse pointer over objects on the desktop• Pointing – Positioning the pointer over a specific part of the screen Exploring the Basics of 9
  10. 10. XP Pointing• ScreenTips – Appear when the mouse pointer is positioned over certain objects – Display the purpose or function of the object – Figure 1-3 shows a ScreenTip Exploring the Basics of 10
  11. 11. XP Clicking• Clicking – Pressing a mouse button and immediately releasing it• Menu – A list of options which can be used to perform tasks – Submenus• Start menu – Appears when the Start button is clicked – Provides access to programs, documents, etc. Exploring the Basics of 11
  12. 12. XP ClickingFigure 1-6 shows the Start menu Exploring the Basics of 12
  13. 13. XP Selecting• Selecting a menu command – Two possible ways of selecting objects in Windows XP • Pointing to an object • Pointing to and then clicking an object – A selected object is highlighted Exploring the Basics of 13
  14. 14. XP SelectingExploring the Basics of 14
  15. 15. XP Viewing the contents of the Recycle Bin• Click the desktop, and then point to the Recycle Bin icon. After a few moments, a ScreenTip appears that describes the Recycle Bin• Click the left mouse button twice quickly to double-click the Recycle Bin icon. The Recycle Bin opens Exploring the Basics of 15
  16. 16. XP Viewing the contents of the Recycle BinExploring the Basics of 16
  17. 17. XP Right-Clicking• Right-clicking – Clicking an object with the right button of the mouse – Selects an object and opens its shortcut menu • Shortcut menu: a list of options directly related to the object Exploring the Basics of 17
  18. 18. XP Right-ClickingExploring the Basics of 18
  19. 19. XP Exploring the Start menuExploring the Basics of 19
  20. 20. XP Starting and Closing a Program• Starting a program – A program must be started before it can be used – To start a program • Click the Start button • Locate and click the program’s name in the submenus• An open or running program – A program which has been started Exploring the Basics of 20
  21. 21. XPStarting and Closing a ProgramExploring the Basics of 21
  22. 22. XP Starting and Closing a Program• Program button – Appears on the taskbar for each open program – Click to switch between open programs• Close button – Located in the upper-right corner of the program window – Click to close the program Exploring the Basics of 22
  23. 23. XPStarting and Closing a ProgramExploring the Basics of 23
  24. 24. XP Running Multiple Programs• Multitasking – Ability to run multiple programs on Windows XP at the same time – Allows the user to work on more than one project at a time – The active program is the one you are currently using Exploring the Basics of 24
  25. 25. XP Switching Between Programs• Program buttons – Located on the taskbar – Offer the easiest way to switch between programs Exploring the Basics of 25
  26. 26. Closing Inactive Programs from XP the Taskbar• Options for closing a program – Use the Close button on the title bar of the program window – Use the shortcut menu associated with the program button on the taskbar Exploring the Basics of 26
  27. 27. XP Anatomy of a Window• A window – A rectangular area of the screen that may contain • A program • Text • Graphics • Data Exploring the Basics of 27
  28. 28. XP Anatomy of a Window• Controls – Located in a window – Graphical or textual objects used for • Manipulating the window • Using the program – Examples • Menu bar • Sizing buttons • Status bar • Title bar • Toolbar • Workspace Exploring the Basics of 28
  29. 29. XP Anatomy of a WindowExploring the Basics of 29
  30. 30. XP Manipulating a WindowExploring the Basics of 30
  31. 31. XP Moving a Window• To drag an object – Click an object and then hold down the mouse button while moving the mouse• To move a window – Drag the window by its title bar Exploring the Basics of 31
  32. 32. XP Changing the Size of a Window• Options for changing a window’s size – Sizing handle • Located at the lower-right corner of the window – Window borders • Can be dragged left, right, up, or down Exploring the Basics of 32
  33. 33. XPChanging the Size of a WindowExploring the Basics of 33
  34. 34. XP Using Program Menus• Menus – Organize a program’s features and available functions• Menu bar – Typically located at the top of the program window – Shows the names of the menus Exploring the Basics of 34
  35. 35. XP Selecting Options from a Menu• Menu items or commands – Choices for a menu – Appear when a menu name is clicked – Possible actions when clicked • Immediately carry out an action • Show submenus • Ask the user for more information about the desired action Exploring the Basics of 35
  36. 36. XPSelecting Options from a MenuExploring the Basics of 36
  37. 37. XPSelecting Options from a MenuExploring the Basics of 37
  38. 38. XP Using Toolbars• Toolbars in the program window – Provide one-click access to frequently used commands – Have buttons grouped and organized by tasks• To perform a command – Select a toolbar button by clicking it Exploring the Basics of 38
  39. 39. XP Using List Boxes and Scroll Bars• List box – Displays a list of available choices – Usually includes • Array buttons • A scroll bar • A scroll box Exploring the Basics of 39
  40. 40. XPUsing List Boxes and Scroll Bars Exploring the Basics of 40
  41. 41. XP Using Dialog Box Controls• Dialog box – Opens when a menu command or item followed by an ellipsis is selected – Allows the user to provide more information about how a program should carry out a task – Groups different kinds of information in panes • Panes: bordered rectangular areas Exploring the Basics of 41
  42. 42. XP Using Dialog Box ControlsExploring the Basics of 42
  43. 43. XP Exploring Your ComputerExploring the Basics of 43
  44. 44. XP Changing the View• Change the view by selecting an option from the View menu on the menu bar Exploring the Basics of 44
  45. 45. XP Using Help• Windows XP Help – Provides on-screen information about programs – Available by • Clicking the Start button and selecting Help and Support from the Start menu• Windows Help and Support Center window – Provides access to • Help files stored on the computer • Help information stored on Microsoft’s Web site Exploring the Basics of 45
  46. 46. XP Using HelpExploring the Basics of 46
  47. 47. XP Using Help• Windows XP Help and Support window – Organizes information into pages • Home page • Index page • Favorites page • History page • Support page • Options page – Search box • Used to search for keywords contained in Help pages Exploring the Basics of 47
  48. 48. XP Shutting Down Windows XP• Turn Off Computer option – Located on the Start menu – Turns off the computer• Log Off option – Located on the Start menu – Logs off Windows XP but leaves the computer on Exploring the Basics of 48