AbstractOpen Source Software (OSS) is software products available to the public, with its source code to study, change, and improves its design.However when open source used for commercial purpose, then an open source license is required.The quality assurance principle under open source software development is an approach to improve software product quality against traditional (or) new methods and techniques.Many industries and business sectors are following or using OSSD
Outline …IntroductionOpen Source SoftwareOSS free fromOSS Business ModelsList of Open Source SoftwareAdvantage and Disvantage of OSSConclusion
IntroductionOpen source is a model of software development that has been growing since the 1970s.Exactly like the personal computer and the Internet, open source software recently got the attention of the press as a totally new thing that ‘suddenly appeared’.Open source software is becoming the most interesting ‘new’ phenomenon of the entire information technology landscape, generating a level of interest similar to that of the First moments of the Internet.Open source software extended this idea by using the Internet to recruit a much larger population of volunteer developers.
Open Source SoftwareOpen-source software (OSS) is software which can be used, modified and improved by anyone and can be redistributed freely.
OSS free from The freedom to study and modify the software. The freedom to copy the software. The freedom to improve the software.
Open Source Business ModelsTraditional NewSupport Sellers Service EnablerLoss Leaders Brand Licensing Software FranchisingWidget Frosting Sell it, Free itAccessorizing
Traditional: support sellersCompanies that package together open Source software, and make their money from either selling a software and changing to service the software Red Hat is the leader in this industry
Traditional: Loss LeadersCompany that generally gives away software for free and makes money from selling additional software Example: Adobe Fedora
Traditional: Widget FrostingCompany that sells hardware and packages it together with open source softwareSilicon Graphics: Supports and shapes SambaVA Linux
Traditional: AccessorizingCompany that sells books, compatible hardware, t-shirts, bumper stickers, coffee mugs, dolls, etc. Example: O’Reilly sells more of the compatible hardware, manuals, software
New: Service EnablerCompany that distributes open source software primarily for generating revenue through on-line services i.e. On-line gaming
New: Brand LicensingCompany that charges other companies for the right to use its brand names and trademarks in creating derivative products
New: Software FranchisingA combination of several of the other models in which a company authorizes others to use its brand names and trademarks in creating associated organizations doing custom software development and supplies franchises with training and related services in exchange for franchise fees of some sort
New: Sell it, Free itSoftware products start out their product life cycle as traditional commercial products and are converted to open source products when appropriate
List of Open Source Software: Firefox Feed Reader Open Office Thunderbird
Advantage of OSS Disvantage of OSS Learning curve Stability Equivalent programs Free Software More technical ability Runs on old hardware needed Security Not all hardware compatible
The current practical picture for OSS deployment Browser Desktop OS Email Content Management System Digital library services Integrated groupware Library catalogues Network services Office suite Payroll Scientific workstation Student records VLE & portal
ConclusionFree/open source software systems for government represent a significant opportunitySeek high-level, user-friendly processes for government operations expressed as open source, computationally enact able processes