Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Sovereignty = ? </li></ul>
Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Sovereignty =  the quality of having supreme, independent authority over a geographic area
Confederation = ? </li></ul>
Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Sovereignty =  the quality of having supreme, independent authority over a geographic area
Confederation = system in which regional governments such as states retain sovereignty while delegating limited power to t...
Free citizens did not include whom?  </li></ul>
Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Sovereignty =  the quality of having supreme, independent authority over a geographic area
Confederation = system in which regional governments such as states retain sovereignty while delegating limited power to t...
Free citizens did not include whom?
- paupers, vagabonds, and criminals (Art. IV)
How many votes did each state get? </li></ul>
Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Sovereignty =  the quality of having supreme, independent authority over a geographic area
Confederation = system in which regional governments such as states retain sovereignty while delegating limited power to t...
Free citizens did not include whom?
- paupers, vagabonds, and criminals (Art. IV)
How many votes did each state get?  One (Art. V)
How were delegates selected? </li></ul>
Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Sovereignty =  the quality of having supreme, independent authority over a geographic area
Confederation = system in which regional governments such as states retain sovereignty while delegating limited power to t...
Free citizens did not include whom?
- paupers, vagabonds, and criminals (Art. IV)
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Week 4.1 articles of confederation

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American Government Week 4 Part I Articles of Confederation

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Week 4.1 articles of confederation

  1. 1. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Sovereignty = ? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Sovereignty = the quality of having supreme, independent authority over a geographic area
  3. 3. Confederation = ? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Sovereignty = the quality of having supreme, independent authority over a geographic area
  5. 5. Confederation = system in which regional governments such as states retain sovereignty while delegating limited power to the national government
  6. 6. Free citizens did not include whom? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Sovereignty = the quality of having supreme, independent authority over a geographic area
  8. 8. Confederation = system in which regional governments such as states retain sovereignty while delegating limited power to the national government
  9. 9. Free citizens did not include whom?
  10. 10. - paupers, vagabonds, and criminals (Art. IV)
  11. 11. How many votes did each state get? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Sovereignty = the quality of having supreme, independent authority over a geographic area
  13. 13. Confederation = system in which regional governments such as states retain sovereignty while delegating limited power to the national government
  14. 14. Free citizens did not include whom?
  15. 15. - paupers, vagabonds, and criminals (Art. IV)
  16. 16. How many votes did each state get? One (Art. V)
  17. 17. How were delegates selected? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Sovereignty = the quality of having supreme, independent authority over a geographic area
  19. 19. Confederation = system in which regional governments such as states retain sovereignty while delegating limited power to the national government
  20. 20. Free citizens did not include whom?
  21. 21. - paupers, vagabonds, and criminals (Art. IV)
  22. 22. How were delegates selected?
  23. 23. - Appointed by the state legislatures in whatever manner the individual states determined </li></ul>
  24. 24. Articles of Confederation cont. <ul><li>Written by Second Continential Congress & sent to states for ratification in 1777.
  25. 25. Ratification = ? </li></ul>
  26. 26. Articles of Confederation cont. <ul><li>Written by Second Continential Congress & sent to states for ratification in 1777.
  27. 27. Ratification = formal approval process of a constitution, constitutional amendment, or treaty
  28. 28. Finally ratified when? </li></ul>
  29. 29. Articles of Confederation cont. <ul><li>Written by Second Continential Congress & sent to states for ratification in 1777.
  30. 30. Ratification = formal approval process of a constitution, constitutional amendment, or treaty
  31. 31. Finally ratified when? 1781 when Maryland finally approved it b/c it had to have unanimous approval.
  32. 32. Characteristics of national congress:
  33. 33. - unicameral = ? </li></ul>
  34. 34. Articles of Confederation cont. <ul><li>Written by Second Continential Congress & sent to states for ratification in 1777.
  35. 35. Ratification = formal approval process of a constitution, constitutional amendment, or treaty
  36. 36. Finally ratified when? 1781 when Maryland finally approved it b/c it had to have unanimous approval.
  37. 37. Characteristics of national govt under the Articles:
  38. 38. - unicameral = only one house in the legislature
  39. 39. - no judicial or executive branch
  40. 40. - members elected for one year terms; each state had one vote no matter how large or small the state </li></ul>
  41. 41. What were some problems with the Articles?
  42. 42. What were some problems with the Articles? <ul><li>See p. 76 of BJ Text; Congress had little power to enforce its policies:
  43. 43. - Congress had no power to levy taxes & could only ask the states for money and was therefore constantly strapped for cash
  44. 44. - Congress authorized to raise an army or navy, but only if the states would cooperate
  45. 45. - Its ineffectiveness discouraged delegates from participating so it was hard to get anything done
  46. 46. - Unanimous assent of states needed to amend the articles
  47. 47. - Congress had no power to regulate commerce or resolve disputes between the states </li></ul>
  48. 48. Crises of the Confederation <ul><li>Annapolis Convention, 1786: Why was it called? </li></ul>
  49. 49. Crises of the Confederation <ul><li>Annapolis Convention, 1786: Why was it called?
  50. 50. - To address disputes in the states over commerce and to devise a federal plan to regulate commerce
  51. 51. - What significant decision was made at this convention? </li></ul>
  52. 52. Challenges to the Confederation <ul><li>Annapolis Convention, 1786: Why was it called?
  53. 53. - To address disputes in the states over commerce and to devise a federal plan to regulate commerce
  54. 54. - What significant decision was made at this convention?
  55. 55. - The 12 delegates present from only 5 states accepted Alexander Hamilton's proposal to have the delegates meet at Philadelphia in May 1787 to make changes in the federal government so that it could better govern the union
  56. 56. What event in western Massachusetts created a crisis for the Confederation? </li></ul>
  57. 57. Shay's Rebellion <ul><li>What caused the economic depression that the country was suffering in 1780's? </li></ul>
  58. 58. Shay's Rebellion <ul><li>What caused the economic depression that the country was suffering in 1780's?
  59. 59. - interstate commerce disputes which the national govt had no power to resolve
  60. 60. - issuing of inflationary paper money
  61. 61. - wartime disruptions
  62. 62. Who led the rebellion? </li></ul>
  63. 63. Shay's Rebellion <ul><li>What caused the economic depression that the country was suffering in 1780's?
  64. 64. - interstate commerce disputes which the national govt had no power to resolve
  65. 65. - issuing of inflationary paper money
  66. 66. - wartime disruptions
  67. 67. Who led the rebellion? Daniel Shays
  68. 68. Who participated? </li></ul>
  69. 69. Shay's Rebellion <ul><li>What caused the economic depression that the country was suffering in 1780's?
  70. 70. - interstate commerce disputes which the national govt had no power to resolve
  71. 71. - issuing of inflationary paper money
  72. 72. - wartime disruptions
  73. 73. Who led the rebellion? Daniel Shays
  74. 74. Who participated? MA farmers in debt
  75. 75. What did they do? </li></ul>
  76. 76. Shay's Rebellion <ul><li>What caused the economic depression that the country was suffering in 1780's?
  77. 77. - interstate commerce disputes which the national govt had no power to resolve
  78. 78. - issuing of inflationary paper money
  79. 79. - wartime disruptions
  80. 80. Who led the rebellion? Daniel Shays
  81. 81. Who participated? MA farmers in debt
  82. 82. What did they do?
  83. 83. - they shut down county courthouses to prevent foreclosures on their farms; MA govt shut them down </li></ul>
  84. 84. Results of Shay's Rebellion <ul><li>Confirmed fears of anarchy in the state legislatures
  85. 85. Led to support of the effort to reform the Articles of Confederation </li></ul>
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