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NCompass Live: What’s Happening with Genre Headings?

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Genre headings can be very useful in library catalogs in order to let patrons search for particular types of items. In May of this year, the Library of Congress changed how its genre headings are …

Genre headings can be very useful in library catalogs in order to let patrons search for particular types of items. In May of this year, the Library of Congress changed how its genre headings are handled, separating them from subject headings and establishing a separate thesaurus, the Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials (LCGFT). In this session, Emily Nimsakont, the NLC’s Cataloging Librarian, will give an overview of how genre headings are used and discuss the effects of this decision by the Library of Congress.

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  • An item is an example of its genre heading. Genres define categories into which an item fits; they do not attempt to describe the subject matter of the item.
  • Genre vs. form is not a totally clear-cut distinction; there can be some overlap. There used to be a 755 MARC field for physical format; this no longer exists.
  • Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound division asked to merge Moving Image Genre-Form Guide with LCSH
  • Pause for questions.
  • Yes, the second indicator in this case is 0, because the term comes from LCSH.
  • Only in very specialized cases.
  • Only subdivisions that include the word “maps” have been cancelled.Pause for questions.
  • Keene Memorial Library in Fremont, NE
  • Kearney PL
  • Lafayette College Library in Easton, PAGenre searching may not be the most intuitive thing for library users. Notice that this library provides a guide to searching for films by genre.
  • Lafayette College Library in Easton, PAGenre searching may not be the most intuitive thing for library users. Notice that this library provides a guide to searching for films by genre.
  • University of Wisconsin at Madison
  • Remember to check the genre/form code list for the correct code to use in $2.
  • Remember to check the genre/form code list for the correct code to use in $2.
  • Example:Adventure films is a valid heading in GSAFD, but a 400 see-also reference for Action and adventure films in LCGFT.UW presentation is from 2007, but still has lots of valuable information.
  • Transcript

    • 1. What’s Happening with Genre Headings?
      Emily Dust Nimsakont
      Nebraska Library Commission
      NCompass Live
      August 3, 2011
      Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/thisisbossi/5677064277/
    • 2. What is a genre heading?
      A genre is “a category that is identifiable by some of the following characteristics: style, plot, device, mood or tone, character type, and theme.”
      Guidelines on Subject Access to Individual Works of Fiction, Drama, etc. American Library Association, 2000.
    • 3. Genre heading vs. Subject heading
      A genre heading describes what something is.
      A subject heading describes what something is about.
    • 4. The same terms can be used as both subject headings and genre headings.
      Examples:
      The Animated Movie Guide
      WALL-E
    • 5. Genre vs. Form
      Genre = category of content
      Action and adventure films
      Jazz radio programs
      Detective and mystery films
      Form = format or purpose
      Globes
      Feature films
      Video recordings for the hearing impaired
    • 6. Genre + Form Together
      Action and adventure films
      Genre
      Form
    • 7. History of LC & Genres
      2003 - MBRS asked if MIGFG could be merged with LCSH
      January 2009 - terms for moving images and recorded sound issued
      June 2010 - separate vocabulary created
      September 2010 - terms for cartographic materials issued
      June 2011 - terms for law materials issued
    • 8. Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials
      (LCGFT)
    • 9. LCGFT
      Established June 2010
      Appeared in print
      in 32nd edition of LCSH
      New authority records
      issued May 24, 2011
    • 10.
    • 11. MARC for Genre Headings
      Subject heading: 650
      Genre heading: 655
    • 12. Old:
      655 _0 $a Comedy films.
      New:
      655 _7 $a Comedy films. $2 lcgft
    • 13. Genre/Form Codes
      http://www.loc.gov/standards/sourcelist/genre-form.html
    • 14. Which disciplines have genre headings?
    • 15. Law materials
      Treaties
      Casebooks
      Law reviews
      Executive orders
      Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/seychelles88/351409399/
    • 16. Cartographic materials
      Globes
      Maps
      Relief models
      Astronomical models
      Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/normanbleventhalmapcenter/3855456215/
    • 17. Sound recordings
      Jazz radio programs
      Oral histories
      Sports radio news programs
      Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/bmcirillo/56359459/
    • 18. Television programs
      Domestic comedy television programs
      Religious television programs
      Reality television programs
      Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/abcarchives/4293749371/
    • 19. Motion pictures
      Action and adventure films
      Documentary films
      Propaganda films
      Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mcbeth/22544207/
    • 20. Video recordings
      Video recordings for the hearing impaired
      Music videos
      Stock footage
      Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/vancouverfilmschool/4974084289/
    • 21. Motion pictures vs. video recordings
    • 22. Others in progress
      Music
      Religion
      Literature
      Photo credits:
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/dhdesign/1114848610/
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/ettervor/2347757170/
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/brody/4483246/
    • 23. You can use subject terms for disciplines that don’t have genre terms.
    • 24. Reference Guide to Mystery and Detective Fiction
      650 _0 $a Detective and mystery stories.
    • 25. The Maltese Falcon
      655 _0 $a Detective and mystery stories.
    • 26. Do genre terms replace form subdivisions?
    • 27. Usually, no.
      650 _0 $a Thieves $v Drama.
      650 _0 $a Gold theft $v Drama.
      655 _7 $a Caper films. $2 lcgft
      655 _7 $a Crime films. $2 lcgft
    • 28. 651 _0 $a Nebraska $v Maps, Topographic.
      is replaced by
      651 _0 $a Nebraska $v Maps.
      655 _7 $a Topographic maps. $2 lcgft
    • 29. LCGFT and Facets
      A facet is “any of the definable aspects that make up a subject.”
      http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/facet
      Faceting is “coding single terms or phrases, representing individual concepts, separately in the bibliographic record.”
      http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/genre_form_faq.pdf
    • 30. LCSH
      Soils -- Nebraska -- Maps.
      NOT
      Soils.
      Nebraska.
      Maps.
    • 31. LCGFT
      Sports films.
      Comedy films.
      Feature films.
      NOT
      Sports feature films.
    • 32.
    • 33.
    • 34. Where can you find genre headings?
    • 35. Print Version
    • 36. OCLC Connexion
    • 37. http://authorities.loc.gov
    • 38. How can we make use of genre headings?
    • 39. Keyword searching
    • 40. Indexed with subject terms
    • 41. Indexed separately
    • 42. Indexed separately
    • 43. Facets
    • 44.
    • 45. Other Vocabularies
      Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/bean/322616749/
    • 46. Other Vocabularies
      Guidelines on Subject Access to Individual Works of Fiction, Drama, etc. (GSAFD) http://alcme.oclc.org/gsafd/
      Thesaurus for Graphic Materials (TGM) http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/tgm/
      Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/aat
      Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    • 47. Other Vocabularies
      Moving Image Materials: Genre Terms (MIM) http://www.loc.gov/rr/mopic/migintro.html
      Radio Form-Genre Guide (RADFG) http://www.loc.gov/rr/record/frmgen.html
      Genre Terms: A Thesaurus for Use in Rare Book and Special Collections Cataloging http://www.rbms.info/committees/bibliographic_standards/controlled_vocabularies/genre/alphabetical_list.htm
    • 48. Managing multiple thesauri
      Do all 655s get indexed?
      Watch for conflicts between terms in different thesauri
      Authority records for all terms
      University of Washington genre headings: http://faculty.washington.edu/aschiff/GenreHeadings.ppt
    • 49. Resources
      http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/genreformgeneral.html
    • 50. Resources
      http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/genre_form_faq.pdf
    • 51. Resources
      http://www.oclc.org/us/en/connexion/overview/websessions.htm
    • 52. Thank you!
      Emily Dust Nimsakont
      Cataloging Librarian
      Nebraska Library Commission
      emily.dust.nimsakont@nebraska.gov
      800-307-2665
      www.delicious.com/NLC_Reference/ncompasslive+genre
      www.slideshare.net/nebraskaccess

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