What’s Happening with Genre Headings?<br />Emily Dust Nimsakont<br />Nebraska Library Commission<br />NCompass Live<br />A...
What is a genre heading?<br />A genre is “a category that is identifiable by some of the following characteristics: style,...
Genre heading vs. Subject heading<br />A genre heading describes what something is.<br />A subject heading describes what ...
The same terms can be used as both subject headings and genre headings.<br />Examples:<br />The Animated Movie Guide<br />...
Genre vs. Form<br />Genre = category of content<br />Action and adventure films<br />Jazz radio programs<br />Detective an...
Genre + Form Together<br />Action and adventure films<br />Genre<br />Form<br />
History of LC & Genres<br />2003 - MBRS asked if MIGFG could be merged with LCSH<br />January 2009 - terms for moving imag...
Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials<br />(LCGFT)<br />
LCGFT<br />Established June 2010<br />Appeared in print <br />in 32nd edition of LCSH<br />New authority records<br />issu...
MARC for Genre Headings<br />Subject heading: 650<br />Genre heading: 655<br />
Old:<br />655 _0 $a Comedy films.<br />New:<br />655 _7 $a Comedy films. $2 lcgft<br />
Genre/Form Codes<br />http://www.loc.gov/standards/sourcelist/genre-form.html<br />
Which disciplines have genre headings?<br />
Law materials<br />Treaties<br />Casebooks<br />Law reviews<br />Executive orders<br />Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com...
Cartographic materials<br />Globes<br />Maps<br />Relief models<br />Astronomical models<br />Photo credit: http://www.fli...
Sound recordings<br />Jazz radio programs<br />Oral histories<br />Sports radio news programs<br />Photo credit: http://ww...
Television programs<br />Domestic comedy television programs<br />Religious television programs<br />Reality television pr...
Motion pictures<br />Action and adventure films<br />Documentary films<br />Propaganda films<br />Photo credit: http://www...
Video recordings<br />Video recordings for the hearing impaired<br />Music videos<br />Stock footage<br />Photo credit: ht...
Motion pictures vs. video recordings<br />
Others in progress<br />Music<br />Religion<br />Literature<br />Photo credits: <br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/dhdesig...
You can use subject terms for disciplines that don’t have genre terms.<br />
Reference Guide to Mystery and Detective Fiction<br />650 _0 $a Detective and mystery stories.<br />
The Maltese Falcon<br />655 _0 $a Detective and mystery stories.<br />
Do genre terms replace form subdivisions?<br />
Usually, no.<br />650 _0 $a Thieves $v Drama.<br />650 _0 $a Gold theft $v Drama.<br />655 _7 $a Caper films. $2 lcgft<br ...
651 _0 $a Nebraska $v Maps, Topographic.<br />is replaced by<br />651 _0 $a Nebraska $v Maps.<br />655 _7 $a Topographic m...
LCGFT and Facets<br />A facet is “any of the definable aspects that make up a subject.”<br />http://www.merriam-webster.co...
LCSH<br />Soils -- Nebraska -- Maps.<br />NOT<br />Soils.<br />Nebraska.<br />Maps.<br />
LCGFT<br />Sports films.<br />Comedy films.<br />Feature films.<br />NOT<br />Sports feature films.<br />
Where can you find genre headings?<br />
Print Version<br />
OCLC Connexion<br />
http://authorities.loc.gov<br />
How can we make use of genre headings?<br />
Keyword searching<br />
Indexed with subject terms<br />
Indexed separately<br />
Indexed separately<br />
Facets<br />
Other Vocabularies<br />Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/bean/322616749/<br />
Other Vocabularies<br />Guidelines on Subject Access to Individual Works of Fiction, Drama, etc. (GSAFD) http://alcme.oclc...
Other Vocabularies<br />Moving Image Materials: Genre Terms (MIM) http://www.loc.gov/rr/mopic/migintro.html<br />Radio For...
Managing multiple thesauri<br />Do all 655s get indexed?<br />Watch for conflicts between terms in different thesauri<br /...
Resources<br />http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/genreformgeneral.html<br />
Resources<br />http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/genre_form_faq.pdf<br />
Resources<br />http://www.oclc.org/us/en/connexion/overview/websessions.htm<br />
Thank you!<br />Emily Dust Nimsakont<br />Cataloging Librarian<br />Nebraska Library Commission<br />emily.dust.nimsakont@...
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NCompass Live: What’s Happening with Genre Headings?

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Genre headings can be very useful in library catalogs in order to let patrons search for particular types of items. In May of this year, the Library of Congress changed how its genre headings are handled, separating them from subject headings and establishing a separate thesaurus, the Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials (LCGFT). In this session, Emily Nimsakont, the NLC’s Cataloging Librarian, will give an overview of how genre headings are used and discuss the effects of this decision by the Library of Congress.

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  • An item is an example of its genre heading. Genres define categories into which an item fits; they do not attempt to describe the subject matter of the item.
  • Genre vs. form is not a totally clear-cut distinction; there can be some overlap. There used to be a 755 MARC field for physical format; this no longer exists.
  • Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound division asked to merge Moving Image Genre-Form Guide with LCSH
  • Pause for questions.
  • Yes, the second indicator in this case is 0, because the term comes from LCSH.
  • Only in very specialized cases.
  • Only subdivisions that include the word “maps” have been cancelled.Pause for questions.
  • Keene Memorial Library in Fremont, NE
  • Kearney PL
  • Lafayette College Library in Easton, PAGenre searching may not be the most intuitive thing for library users. Notice that this library provides a guide to searching for films by genre.
  • Lafayette College Library in Easton, PAGenre searching may not be the most intuitive thing for library users. Notice that this library provides a guide to searching for films by genre.
  • University of Wisconsin at Madison
  • Remember to check the genre/form code list for the correct code to use in $2.
  • Remember to check the genre/form code list for the correct code to use in $2.
  • Example:Adventure films is a valid heading in GSAFD, but a 400 see-also reference for Action and adventure films in LCGFT.UW presentation is from 2007, but still has lots of valuable information.
  • NCompass Live: What’s Happening with Genre Headings?

    1. 1. What’s Happening with Genre Headings?<br />Emily Dust Nimsakont<br />Nebraska Library Commission<br />NCompass Live<br />August 3, 2011<br />Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/thisisbossi/5677064277/<br />
    2. 2. What is a genre heading?<br />A genre is “a category that is identifiable by some of the following characteristics: style, plot, device, mood or tone, character type, and theme.”<br />Guidelines on Subject Access to Individual Works of Fiction, Drama, etc. American Library Association, 2000.<br />
    3. 3. Genre heading vs. Subject heading<br />A genre heading describes what something is.<br />A subject heading describes what something is about.<br />
    4. 4. The same terms can be used as both subject headings and genre headings.<br />Examples:<br />The Animated Movie Guide<br />WALL-E<br />
    5. 5. Genre vs. Form<br />Genre = category of content<br />Action and adventure films<br />Jazz radio programs<br />Detective and mystery films<br />Form = format or purpose<br />Globes<br />Feature films<br />Video recordings for the hearing impaired<br />
    6. 6. Genre + Form Together<br />Action and adventure films<br />Genre<br />Form<br />
    7. 7. History of LC & Genres<br />2003 - MBRS asked if MIGFG could be merged with LCSH<br />January 2009 - terms for moving images and recorded sound issued<br />June 2010 - separate vocabulary created<br />September 2010 - terms for cartographic materials issued<br />June 2011 - terms for law materials issued<br />
    8. 8. Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials<br />(LCGFT)<br />
    9. 9. LCGFT<br />Established June 2010<br />Appeared in print <br />in 32nd edition of LCSH<br />New authority records<br />issued May 24, 2011<br />
    10. 10.
    11. 11. MARC for Genre Headings<br />Subject heading: 650<br />Genre heading: 655<br />
    12. 12. Old:<br />655 _0 $a Comedy films.<br />New:<br />655 _7 $a Comedy films. $2 lcgft<br />
    13. 13. Genre/Form Codes<br />http://www.loc.gov/standards/sourcelist/genre-form.html<br />
    14. 14. Which disciplines have genre headings?<br />
    15. 15. Law materials<br />Treaties<br />Casebooks<br />Law reviews<br />Executive orders<br />Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/seychelles88/351409399/<br />
    16. 16. Cartographic materials<br />Globes<br />Maps<br />Relief models<br />Astronomical models<br />Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/normanbleventhalmapcenter/3855456215/<br />
    17. 17. Sound recordings<br />Jazz radio programs<br />Oral histories<br />Sports radio news programs<br />Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/bmcirillo/56359459/<br />
    18. 18. Television programs<br />Domestic comedy television programs<br />Religious television programs<br />Reality television programs<br />Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/abcarchives/4293749371/<br />
    19. 19. Motion pictures<br />Action and adventure films<br />Documentary films<br />Propaganda films<br />Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mcbeth/22544207/<br />
    20. 20. Video recordings<br />Video recordings for the hearing impaired<br />Music videos<br />Stock footage<br />Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/vancouverfilmschool/4974084289/<br />
    21. 21. Motion pictures vs. video recordings<br />
    22. 22. Others in progress<br />Music<br />Religion<br />Literature<br />Photo credits: <br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/dhdesign/1114848610/<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/ettervor/2347757170/<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/brody/4483246/<br />
    23. 23. You can use subject terms for disciplines that don’t have genre terms.<br />
    24. 24. Reference Guide to Mystery and Detective Fiction<br />650 _0 $a Detective and mystery stories.<br />
    25. 25. The Maltese Falcon<br />655 _0 $a Detective and mystery stories.<br />
    26. 26. Do genre terms replace form subdivisions?<br />
    27. 27. Usually, no.<br />650 _0 $a Thieves $v Drama.<br />650 _0 $a Gold theft $v Drama.<br />655 _7 $a Caper films. $2 lcgft<br />655 _7 $a Crime films. $2 lcgft<br />
    28. 28. 651 _0 $a Nebraska $v Maps, Topographic.<br />is replaced by<br />651 _0 $a Nebraska $v Maps.<br />655 _7 $a Topographic maps. $2 lcgft<br />
    29. 29. LCGFT and Facets<br />A facet is “any of the definable aspects that make up a subject.”<br />http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/facet<br />Faceting is “coding single terms or phrases, representing individual concepts, separately in the bibliographic record.”<br />http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/genre_form_faq.pdf<br />
    30. 30. LCSH<br />Soils -- Nebraska -- Maps.<br />NOT<br />Soils.<br />Nebraska.<br />Maps.<br />
    31. 31. LCGFT<br />Sports films.<br />Comedy films.<br />Feature films.<br />NOT<br />Sports feature films.<br />
    32. 32.
    33. 33.
    34. 34. Where can you find genre headings?<br />
    35. 35. Print Version<br />
    36. 36. OCLC Connexion<br />
    37. 37. http://authorities.loc.gov<br />
    38. 38. How can we make use of genre headings?<br />
    39. 39. Keyword searching<br />
    40. 40. Indexed with subject terms<br />
    41. 41. Indexed separately<br />
    42. 42. Indexed separately<br />
    43. 43. Facets<br />
    44. 44.
    45. 45. Other Vocabularies<br />Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/bean/322616749/<br />
    46. 46. Other Vocabularies<br />Guidelines on Subject Access to Individual Works of Fiction, Drama, etc. (GSAFD) http://alcme.oclc.org/gsafd/<br />Thesaurus for Graphic Materials (TGM) http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/tgm/<br />Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/aat<br />Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/<br />
    47. 47. Other Vocabularies<br />Moving Image Materials: Genre Terms (MIM) http://www.loc.gov/rr/mopic/migintro.html<br />Radio Form-Genre Guide (RADFG) http://www.loc.gov/rr/record/frmgen.html<br />Genre Terms: A Thesaurus for Use in Rare Book and Special Collections Cataloging http://www.rbms.info/committees/bibliographic_standards/controlled_vocabularies/genre/alphabetical_list.htm<br />
    48. 48. Managing multiple thesauri<br />Do all 655s get indexed?<br />Watch for conflicts between terms in different thesauri<br />Authority records for all terms<br />University of Washington genre headings: http://faculty.washington.edu/aschiff/GenreHeadings.ppt<br />
    49. 49. Resources<br />http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/genreformgeneral.html<br />
    50. 50. Resources<br />http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/genre_form_faq.pdf<br />
    51. 51. Resources<br />http://www.oclc.org/us/en/connexion/overview/websessions.htm<br />
    52. 52. Thank you!<br />Emily Dust Nimsakont<br />Cataloging Librarian<br />Nebraska Library Commission<br />emily.dust.nimsakont@nebraska.gov<br />800-307-2665<br />www.delicious.com/NLC_Reference/ncompasslive+genre<br />www.slideshare.net/nebraskaccess<br />
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