NCompass Live: What’s Happening with Genre Headings?
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Genre headings can be very useful in library catalogs in order to let patrons search for particular types of items. In May of this year, the Library of Congress changed how its genre headings are ...

Genre headings can be very useful in library catalogs in order to let patrons search for particular types of items. In May of this year, the Library of Congress changed how its genre headings are handled, separating them from subject headings and establishing a separate thesaurus, the Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials (LCGFT). In this session, Emily Nimsakont, the NLC’s Cataloging Librarian, will give an overview of how genre headings are used and discuss the effects of this decision by the Library of Congress.

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  • An item is an example of its genre heading. Genres define categories into which an item fits; they do not attempt to describe the subject matter of the item.
  • Genre vs. form is not a totally clear-cut distinction; there can be some overlap. There used to be a 755 MARC field for physical format; this no longer exists.
  • Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound division asked to merge Moving Image Genre-Form Guide with LCSH
  • Pause for questions.
  • Yes, the second indicator in this case is 0, because the term comes from LCSH.
  • Only in very specialized cases.
  • Only subdivisions that include the word “maps” have been cancelled.Pause for questions.
  • Keene Memorial Library in Fremont, NE
  • Kearney PL
  • Lafayette College Library in Easton, PAGenre searching may not be the most intuitive thing for library users. Notice that this library provides a guide to searching for films by genre.
  • Lafayette College Library in Easton, PAGenre searching may not be the most intuitive thing for library users. Notice that this library provides a guide to searching for films by genre.
  • University of Wisconsin at Madison
  • Remember to check the genre/form code list for the correct code to use in $2.
  • Remember to check the genre/form code list for the correct code to use in $2.
  • Example:Adventure films is a valid heading in GSAFD, but a 400 see-also reference for Action and adventure films in LCGFT.UW presentation is from 2007, but still has lots of valuable information.

NCompass Live: What’s Happening with Genre Headings? Presentation Transcript

  • 1. What’s Happening with Genre Headings?
    Emily Dust Nimsakont
    Nebraska Library Commission
    NCompass Live
    August 3, 2011
    Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/thisisbossi/5677064277/
  • 2. What is a genre heading?
    A genre is “a category that is identifiable by some of the following characteristics: style, plot, device, mood or tone, character type, and theme.”
    Guidelines on Subject Access to Individual Works of Fiction, Drama, etc. American Library Association, 2000.
  • 3. Genre heading vs. Subject heading
    A genre heading describes what something is.
    A subject heading describes what something is about.
  • 4. The same terms can be used as both subject headings and genre headings.
    Examples:
    The Animated Movie Guide
    WALL-E
  • 5. Genre vs. Form
    Genre = category of content
    Action and adventure films
    Jazz radio programs
    Detective and mystery films
    Form = format or purpose
    Globes
    Feature films
    Video recordings for the hearing impaired
  • 6. Genre + Form Together
    Action and adventure films
    Genre
    Form
  • 7. History of LC & Genres
    2003 - MBRS asked if MIGFG could be merged with LCSH
    January 2009 - terms for moving images and recorded sound issued
    June 2010 - separate vocabulary created
    September 2010 - terms for cartographic materials issued
    June 2011 - terms for law materials issued
  • 8. Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials
    (LCGFT)
  • 9. LCGFT
    Established June 2010
    Appeared in print
    in 32nd edition of LCSH
    New authority records
    issued May 24, 2011
  • 10.
  • 11. MARC for Genre Headings
    Subject heading: 650
    Genre heading: 655
  • 12. Old:
    655 _0 $a Comedy films.
    New:
    655 _7 $a Comedy films. $2 lcgft
  • 13. Genre/Form Codes
    http://www.loc.gov/standards/sourcelist/genre-form.html
  • 14. Which disciplines have genre headings?
  • 15. Law materials
    Treaties
    Casebooks
    Law reviews
    Executive orders
    Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/seychelles88/351409399/
  • 16. Cartographic materials
    Globes
    Maps
    Relief models
    Astronomical models
    Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/normanbleventhalmapcenter/3855456215/
  • 17. Sound recordings
    Jazz radio programs
    Oral histories
    Sports radio news programs
    Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/bmcirillo/56359459/
  • 18. Television programs
    Domestic comedy television programs
    Religious television programs
    Reality television programs
    Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/abcarchives/4293749371/
  • 19. Motion pictures
    Action and adventure films
    Documentary films
    Propaganda films
    Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mcbeth/22544207/
  • 20. Video recordings
    Video recordings for the hearing impaired
    Music videos
    Stock footage
    Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/vancouverfilmschool/4974084289/
  • 21. Motion pictures vs. video recordings
  • 22. Others in progress
    Music
    Religion
    Literature
    Photo credits:
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/dhdesign/1114848610/
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/ettervor/2347757170/
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/brody/4483246/
  • 23. You can use subject terms for disciplines that don’t have genre terms.
  • 24. Reference Guide to Mystery and Detective Fiction
    650 _0 $a Detective and mystery stories.
  • 25. The Maltese Falcon
    655 _0 $a Detective and mystery stories.
  • 26. Do genre terms replace form subdivisions?
  • 27. Usually, no.
    650 _0 $a Thieves $v Drama.
    650 _0 $a Gold theft $v Drama.
    655 _7 $a Caper films. $2 lcgft
    655 _7 $a Crime films. $2 lcgft
  • 28. 651 _0 $a Nebraska $v Maps, Topographic.
    is replaced by
    651 _0 $a Nebraska $v Maps.
    655 _7 $a Topographic maps. $2 lcgft
  • 29. LCGFT and Facets
    A facet is “any of the definable aspects that make up a subject.”
    http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/facet
    Faceting is “coding single terms or phrases, representing individual concepts, separately in the bibliographic record.”
    http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/genre_form_faq.pdf
  • 30. LCSH
    Soils -- Nebraska -- Maps.
    NOT
    Soils.
    Nebraska.
    Maps.
  • 31. LCGFT
    Sports films.
    Comedy films.
    Feature films.
    NOT
    Sports feature films.
  • 32.
  • 33.
  • 34. Where can you find genre headings?
  • 35. Print Version
  • 36. OCLC Connexion
  • 37. http://authorities.loc.gov
  • 38. How can we make use of genre headings?
  • 39. Keyword searching
  • 40. Indexed with subject terms
  • 41. Indexed separately
  • 42. Indexed separately
  • 43. Facets
  • 44.
  • 45. Other Vocabularies
    Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/bean/322616749/
  • 46. Other Vocabularies
    Guidelines on Subject Access to Individual Works of Fiction, Drama, etc. (GSAFD) http://alcme.oclc.org/gsafd/
    Thesaurus for Graphic Materials (TGM) http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/tgm/
    Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/aat
    Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
  • 47. Other Vocabularies
    Moving Image Materials: Genre Terms (MIM) http://www.loc.gov/rr/mopic/migintro.html
    Radio Form-Genre Guide (RADFG) http://www.loc.gov/rr/record/frmgen.html
    Genre Terms: A Thesaurus for Use in Rare Book and Special Collections Cataloging http://www.rbms.info/committees/bibliographic_standards/controlled_vocabularies/genre/alphabetical_list.htm
  • 48. Managing multiple thesauri
    Do all 655s get indexed?
    Watch for conflicts between terms in different thesauri
    Authority records for all terms
    University of Washington genre headings: http://faculty.washington.edu/aschiff/GenreHeadings.ppt
  • 49. Resources
    http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/genreformgeneral.html
  • 50. Resources
    http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/genre_form_faq.pdf
  • 51. Resources
    http://www.oclc.org/us/en/connexion/overview/websessions.htm
  • 52. Thank you!
    Emily Dust Nimsakont
    Cataloging Librarian
    Nebraska Library Commission
    emily.dust.nimsakont@nebraska.gov
    800-307-2665
    www.delicious.com/NLC_Reference/ncompasslive+genre
    www.slideshare.net/nebraskaccess