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INTRODUCTIONTO RDA<br />Part 1<br />Emily Dust Nimsakont ∙ Nebraska Library Commission ∙ December 7, 2010<br />
Today’s Schedule<br />9:00-9:50 <br />Background & History<br />FRBR & FRAD<br />RDA Structure & Elements<br />9:50-10:00 ...
Handouts<br />http://www.nlc.state.ne.us/netserv/training/onlinesessions/rda1210/rda.html<br />
What is RDA?<br />
New cataloging code to replace AACR2<br />RDA is…<br />Designed to be used online<br />A content standard<br />
A display standard<br />RDA is not…<br />An encoding standard<br />
Why is a new cataloging code needed?<br />
Our catalogs are different.<br />It’s not 1978 anymore.<br />The resources we are describing are different.<br />We exist ...
Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR)<br />Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD)<br />RDA i...
Who is responsible for the development of RDA?<br />Joint Steering Committee for Development of RDA (JSC)<br />consists of...
History of RDA<br />
Library of Congress<br />National Library of Medicine<br />National Agricultural Library<br />Testing by National Librarie...
“June 22, 2010: Public release of RDA Toolkit.<br />July 1-September 30, 2010: Test partners use this three-month period t...
RDA Toolkithttp://www.rdatoolkit.org<br />
RDA Toolkit Subscription Pricing<br />$195 per year for solo-user environment<br />$325 per year for multi-user environmen...
RDA = $150 <br />(Available for purchase as of November 2010)<br />RDA Element Set View = $125 <br />(Will be available in...
  Questions?<br />Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/lwr/12364944/<br />
Basics of FRBR<br />Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records<br />
FRBR is a conceptual model developed by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA)<br />
Entity-Relationship Model<br />Entity-Relationship Models are used by other metadata and data modeling communities<br />Ex...
Entity-Relationship Model<br />Entities<br />Attributes<br />Relationships<br />
Entity-Relationship Model<br />Entities - things which can be uniquely identified<br />Attributes<br />Relationships<br />
Entity-Relationship Model<br />Entities - things which can be uniquely identified<br />Attributes - characteristics of ent...
Entity-Relationship Model<br />Entities - things which can be uniquely identified<br />Attributes - characteristics of ent...
FRBR Entities<br />Group 1<br />Entities that are products of intellectual or artistic endeavor<br />Work, Expression, Man...
Entities<br />Group 1<br />Work<br />“a distinct intellectual or artistic creation”<br />the idea of this creation<br />no...
Entities<br />Group 1<br />Expression<br />“the intellectual or artistic realization of a work”<br />still an abstract con...
Entities<br />Group 1<br />Manifestation<br />“the physical embodiment of an expression of a work”<br />representation of ...
Entities<br />Group 1<br />Item<br />“a single exemplar of a manifestation”<br />one physical copy of a book<br />Photo cr...
Attributes<br />Examples of Attributes:<br />work: medium of performance<br />expression: language of the expression<br />...
Relationships<br />FRBR is based on relationships between entities, both those in different groups and those in the same g...
32<br />Work<br />Group 1<br />is realized through<br />Expression<br />is embodied in<br />Manifestation<br />recursive<b...
Image credit: http://www.frbr.org/2006/02/25/more-relationships-between-groups<br />
FRBR is based on user tasks<br />Users want to:<br />“find entities that correspond to the user's search criteria”<br />“i...
FRBR is based on user tasks<br />Users want to:<br />“select an entity that is appropriate to the user's needs (i.e., to c...
FRBR is based on user tasks<br />Find<br />Identify<br />Select<br />Obtain<br />
Basics of FRAD<br />Functional Requirements for Authority Data<br />
Like FRBR, FRAD is:<br />A conceptual model developed by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institut...
Entities<br />Same bibliographic entities from FRBR (Groups 1, 2, and 3)<br />Other authority entities that refer to the F...
Authority Entities<br />Name<br />Identifier<br />Controlled access point<br />
Relationships<br />http://www.gordondunsire.com/pubs/docs/FRdiagrams.pdf<br />
Relationships<br />http://www.gordondunsire.com/pubs/docs/FRdiagrams.pdf<br />
Users want to:<br />“find entities corresponding to stated criteria”<br />“identify an entity as being the one sought (or ...
Users want to:<br />“contextualize (or place a person, corporate body, etc., in context – clarify the relationship between...
FRBR & FRAD in RDA<br />RDA Structure – Recording Attributes<br />Section 1 – Recording Attributes of Manifestation and It...
FRBR & FRAD in RDA<br />RDA Structure – Recording Relationships<br />Section 5 – Recording Primary Relationships Between a...
FRBR & FRAD in RDA<br />User tasks are mentioned frequently<br />“… if necessary for identification…”<br />“…if they are c...
  Questions?<br />
RDA Structure:Not what we’re used to<br />RDA “is not a linear narrative for bibliographic and authority record constructi...
RDA Structure<br />RDA is not arranged by type of material<br />RDA assumes that the process for most types of items is th...
RDA Structure<br />“Transcribe parallel title as instructed in 1.1D.”<br />“Record each series statement as instructed in ...
RDA Structure<br />Recording Attributes<br />Section 1 – Recording Attributes of Manifestation and Item<br />Section 2 – R...
RDA Structure<br />Recording Relationships<br />Section 5 – Recording Primary Relationships Between a Work, Expression, Ma...
RDA Structure<br />Appendices<br />A. Capitalization<br />B. Abbreviations<br />C. Initial Articles<br />D. Record Syntaxe...
RDA Elements<br />Elements are pieces of bibliographic data<br />RDA has core elements, core-if elements, and other elemen...
RDA Elements<br />Definition of element in RDA: <br />“A word, character, or group of words and/or characters representing...
RDA Elements<br />Definition of element in AACR2: <br />“A word, phrase, or group of characters representing a distinct un...
ElementsAACR2 vs. RDA<br />Physical Description<br />Extent of item<br />Accompanying material<br />Other physical details...
ElementsAACR2 vs. RDA<br />AACR2 = elements can have multiple types of data<br />RDA = one type of data per element<br />
ElementsAACR2 vs. RDA<br />AACR2:     date of publication, distribution, etc.<br />MARC 21:                               ...
 date of publication
 date of distribution
 copyright date</li></ul>Chris Oliver, RDA: Designed for Current and Future Environments, November 10, 2010 <br />
ElementsAACR2 vs. RDA<br />other physical details<br />MARC 300 $b <br />illustrative content<br />encoding format<br />pr...
Core Elements for Work<br />Title of the work<br />
Core Relationships for a Work<br />Creator<br />Other Person, Family, or Corporate Body Associated with a Work<br />
Core Elements for Expression<br />Language of expression<br />Content type<br />
Core Elements for Manifestation<br />Title<br />Statement of responsibility<br />Edition statement<br />Publication statem...
Core Elements for Item<br />None<br />
WEMI in a Bibliographic Record<br />Work<br />100 1_ $a Dickens, Charles, $d 1812-1870. <br />240 10 $a Martin Chuzzlewit<...
WEMI in a Bibliographic Record<br />Expression<br />Lang: eng<br />336 __ $a text $b txt $2 rdacontent<br />
WEMI in a Bibliographic Record<br />Manifestation<br />020 __ $a 0140436146 <br />245 14 $a The life and adventures of Mar...
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Introduction to RDA Part 1

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  • What does the RDA Toolkit include?RDA instructions (searchable and browseable)Views of RDA content by table of contents and by RDA element setAACR2 Rule Number Search of RDA instructionsWorkflows, mappings, examplesFull text of AACR2 with links to RDA
  • Can be purchased at ALA StoreAvailable in loose-leaf format
  • E-R models define entities, list their attributes, and identify relationships between entities
  • The FRBR user tasks are: to find entities that correspond to the user&apos;s search criteria , to identify an entity (i.e., to confirm that the entity described corresponds to the entity sought, or to distinguish between two or more entities with similar characteristics) , to select an entity that is appropriate to the user&apos;s needs (i.e., to choose an entity that meets the user&apos;s requirements with respect to content, physical format, etc....), and to acquire or obtain access to the entity described (i.e. to acquire an entity through purchase, loan, etc., or to access an entity electronically...)
  • The FRBR user tasks are: to find entities that correspond to the user&apos;s search criteria , to identify an entity (i.e., to confirm that the entity described corresponds to the entity sought, or to distinguish between two or more entities with similar characteristics) , to select an entity that is appropriate to the user&apos;s needs (i.e., to choose an entity that meets the user&apos;s requirements with respect to content, physical format, etc....), and to acquire or obtain access to the entity described (i.e. to acquire an entity through purchase, loan, etc., or to access an entity electronically...)
  • The FRBR user tasks are: to find entities that correspond to the user&apos;s search criteria , to identify an entity (i.e., to confirm that the entity described corresponds to the entity sought, or to distinguish between two or more entities with similar characteristics) , to select an entity that is appropriate to the user&apos;s needs (i.e., to choose an entity that meets the user&apos;s requirements with respect to content, physical format, etc....), and to acquire or obtain access to the entity described (i.e. to acquire an entity through purchase, loan, etc., or to access an entity electronically...)
  • The user tasks in FRAD are: find entities corresponding to stated criteria, identify an entity as being the one sought (or validate the form of name to be used for a controlled access point), contextualize (or place a person, corporate body, etc., in context – clarify the relationship between two or more of them), and justify the authority data creator’s reason for choosing the name or form of name on which an access point is based. The draft of RDA uses clarify and understand instead of contextualize and justify, but I believe this will be changed when the final version is released.
  • The user tasks in FRAD are: find entities corresponding to stated criteria, identify an entity as being the one sought (or validate the form of name to be used for a controlled access point), contextualize (or place a person, corporate body, etc., in context – clarify the relationship between two or more of them), and justify the authority data creator’s reason for choosing the name or form of name on which an access point is based. The draft of RDA uses clarify and understand instead of contextualize and justify, but I believe this will be changed when the final version is released.
  • RDA will also have several appendices that deal with things like capitalization, abbreviations, and an appendix of examples.
  • Core elements are similar to, but different from, AACR2 levels of description.
  • Transcript of "Introduction to RDA Part 1"

    1. 1. INTRODUCTIONTO RDA<br />Part 1<br />Emily Dust Nimsakont ∙ Nebraska Library Commission ∙ December 7, 2010<br />
    2. 2. Today’s Schedule<br />9:00-9:50 <br />Background & History<br />FRBR & FRAD<br />RDA Structure & Elements<br />9:50-10:00 Break<br />10:00-10:50 <br />Differences from AACR2<br />Changes to MARC<br />Examples<br />10:50-11:00 Break<br />11:00-12:00<br />RDA Toolkit Demo <br />RDA & Semantic Web/Linked Data<br />What to Do to Get Ready<br />
    3. 3. Handouts<br />http://www.nlc.state.ne.us/netserv/training/onlinesessions/rda1210/rda.html<br />
    4. 4. What is RDA?<br />
    5. 5. New cataloging code to replace AACR2<br />RDA is…<br />Designed to be used online<br />A content standard<br />
    6. 6. A display standard<br />RDA is not…<br />An encoding standard<br />
    7. 7. Why is a new cataloging code needed?<br />
    8. 8. Our catalogs are different.<br />It’s not 1978 anymore.<br />The resources we are describing are different.<br />We exist in a world of information and data outside of libraries.<br />
    9. 9. Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR)<br />Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD)<br />RDA is based on…<br />Statement of International Cataloging Principles (ICP)<br />
    10. 10. Who is responsible for the development of RDA?<br />Joint Steering Committee for Development of RDA (JSC)<br />consists of representatives from:<br />American Library Association<br />Australian Committee on Cataloguing<br />British Library<br />Canadian Committee on Cataloguing<br />Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals<br />Library of Congress<br />http://rda-jsc.org/rdafaq.html<br />
    11. 11. History of RDA<br />
    12. 12. Library of Congress<br />National Library of Medicine<br />National Agricultural Library<br />Testing by National Libraries<br />26 selected test partners<br />http://www.loc.gov/bibliographic-future/rda/test-partners.html<br />
    13. 13. “June 22, 2010: Public release of RDA Toolkit.<br />July 1-September 30, 2010: Test partners use this three-month period to become familiar with the content of RDA and with navigating the RDA Toolkit.<br />October 1-December 31, 2010: Test partners produce records in the test and share them with the US RDA Test Coordinating Committee.<br />January 1-March 31, 2011: The US RDA Test Coordinating Committee analyzes the results of the test and prepares its report to the management of the three national libraries.<br />The report will be shared with the US library community.”<br />Timeline for Testing<br />http://www.loc.gov/bibliographic-future/rda/timeline.html<br />
    14. 14. RDA Toolkithttp://www.rdatoolkit.org<br />
    15. 15. RDA Toolkit Subscription Pricing<br />$195 per year for solo-user environment<br />$325 per year for multi-user environment (one user at a time)<br />Additional concurrent users<br />2-9 concurrent users, $55 per additional user<br />10-19 concurrent users, $50 per additional user<br />20+ concurrent users, $45 per additional user<br />
    16. 16. RDA = $150 <br />(Available for purchase as of November 2010)<br />RDA Element Set View = $125 <br />(Will be available in Spring 2011)<br />RDA in Print<br />
    17. 17. Questions?<br />Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/lwr/12364944/<br />
    18. 18. Basics of FRBR<br />Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records<br />
    19. 19. FRBR is a conceptual model developed by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA)<br />
    20. 20. Entity-Relationship Model<br />Entity-Relationship Models are used by other metadata and data modeling communities<br />Example: CIDOC<br /> model used by International Council of Museums for museum documentation<br />
    21. 21. Entity-Relationship Model<br />Entities<br />Attributes<br />Relationships<br />
    22. 22. Entity-Relationship Model<br />Entities - things which can be uniquely identified<br />Attributes<br />Relationships<br />
    23. 23. Entity-Relationship Model<br />Entities - things which can be uniquely identified<br />Attributes - characteristics of entities<br />Relationships<br />
    24. 24. Entity-Relationship Model<br />Entities - things which can be uniquely identified<br />Attributes - characteristics of entities<br />Relationships - links between entities<br />
    25. 25. FRBR Entities<br />Group 1<br />Entities that are products of intellectual or artistic endeavor<br />Work, Expression, Manifestation, Item<br />Group 2<br />Entities responsible for intellectual or artistic endeavor<br />Person, Family, Corporate Body<br />Group 3<br />Entities that are subjects of intellectual or artistic endeavor<br />Concept, Object, Event, Place + Group 1 and Group 2 entities<br />
    26. 26. Entities<br />Group 1<br />Work<br />“a distinct intellectual or artistic creation”<br />the idea of this creation<br />not actually represented in a physical form<br />Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/escapist/730800562/<br />
    27. 27. Entities<br />Group 1<br />Expression<br />“the intellectual or artistic realization of a work”<br />still an abstract concept<br />Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/dbdbrobot/140068142/ <br />
    28. 28. Entities<br />Group 1<br />Manifestation<br />“the physical embodiment of an expression of a work”<br />representation of a set of items with the same physical characteristics<br />Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/heidigoseek/115581765/ <br />
    29. 29. Entities<br />Group 1<br />Item<br />“a single exemplar of a manifestation”<br />one physical copy of a book<br />Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/steventong/3556248355/ <br />
    30. 30. Attributes<br />Examples of Attributes:<br />work: medium of performance<br />expression: language of the expression<br />manifestation: publisher<br />item: inscriptions<br />
    31. 31. Relationships<br />FRBR is based on relationships between entities, both those in different groups and those in the same groups<br />
    32. 32. 32<br />Work<br />Group 1<br />is realized through<br />Expression<br />is embodied in<br />Manifestation<br />recursive<br />is exemplified by<br />one<br />Item<br />many<br />Image credit: Barbara Tillett, Library of Congress<br />
    33. 33. Image credit: http://www.frbr.org/2006/02/25/more-relationships-between-groups<br />
    34. 34. FRBR is based on user tasks<br />Users want to:<br />“find entities that correspond to the user's search criteria”<br />“identify an entity (i.e., to confirm that the entity described corresponds to the entity sought, or to distinguish between two or more entities with similar characteristics)”<br />
    35. 35. FRBR is based on user tasks<br />Users want to:<br />“select an entity that is appropriate to the user's needs (i.e., to choose an entity that meets the user's requirements with respect to content, physical format, etc....)”<br />“obtain access to the entity described (i.e. to acquire an entity through purchase, loan, etc., or to access an entity electronically...)”<br />
    36. 36. FRBR is based on user tasks<br />Find<br />Identify<br />Select<br />Obtain<br />
    37. 37. Basics of FRAD<br />Functional Requirements for Authority Data<br />
    38. 38. Like FRBR, FRAD is:<br />A conceptual model developed by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA)<br />An entity-relationship model<br />Based on user tasks<br />
    39. 39. Entities<br />Same bibliographic entities from FRBR (Groups 1, 2, and 3)<br />Other authority entities that refer to the FRBR entities<br />
    40. 40. Authority Entities<br />Name<br />Identifier<br />Controlled access point<br />
    41. 41. Relationships<br />http://www.gordondunsire.com/pubs/docs/FRdiagrams.pdf<br />
    42. 42. Relationships<br />http://www.gordondunsire.com/pubs/docs/FRdiagrams.pdf<br />
    43. 43. Users want to:<br />“find entities corresponding to stated criteria”<br />“identify an entity as being the one sought (or validate the form of name to be used for a controlled access point)”<br />FRAD user tasks are slightly different<br />
    44. 44. Users want to:<br />“contextualize (or place a person, corporate body, etc., in context – clarify the relationship between two or more of them)”<br />“justify the authority data creator’s reason for choosing the name or form of name on which an access point is based”<br />FRAD user tasks are slightly different<br />
    45. 45. FRBR & FRAD in RDA<br />RDA Structure – Recording Attributes<br />Section 1 – Recording Attributes of Manifestation and Item<br />Section 2 – Recording Attributes of Work and Expression<br />Section 3 – Recording Attributes of Person, Family, and Corporate Body<br />Section 4 – Recording Attributes of Concept, Object, Event, and Place<br />
    46. 46. FRBR & FRAD in RDA<br />RDA Structure – Recording Relationships<br />Section 5 – Recording Primary Relationships Between a Work, Expression, Manifestation, and Item<br />Section 6 – Recording Relationships to Persons, Families, and Corporate Bodies Associated with a Resource<br />Section 7 – Recording Subject Relationships<br />Section 8 – Recording Relationships Between Works, Expressions, Manifestations and Items<br />Section 9 – Recording Relationships Between Persons, Families, and Corporate Bodies<br />Section 10 – Recording Relationships Between Concepts, Objects, Events, and Places<br />
    47. 47. FRBR & FRAD in RDA<br />User tasks are mentioned frequently<br />“… if necessary for identification…”<br />“…if they are considered important for identification or selection…”<br />
    48. 48. Questions?<br />
    49. 49. RDA Structure:Not what we’re used to<br />RDA “is not a linear narrative for bibliographic and authority record construction.”<br />Mark Ehlert<br />“RDA: What It Is, and What It Means to You”<br />August 27, 2010<br />“RDA is not about creating records. RDA instructions are about data…”<br />Chris Oliver<br />Introducing RDA: A Guide to the Basics<br />American Library Association, 2010<br />
    50. 50. RDA Structure<br />RDA is not arranged by type of material<br />RDA assumes that the process for most types of items is the same, and then there are some additions for particular types of materials<br />
    51. 51. RDA Structure<br />“Transcribe parallel title as instructed in 1.1D.”<br />“Record each series statement as instructed in 1.6.”<br />“In making notes, follow the instructions in 1.7A.”<br />
    52. 52. RDA Structure<br />Recording Attributes<br />Section 1 – Recording Attributes of Manifestation and Item<br />Section 2 – Recording Attributes of Work and Expression<br />Section 3 – Recording Attributes of Person, Family, and Corporate Body<br />Section 4 – Recording Attributes of Concept, Object, Event, and Place<br />
    53. 53. RDA Structure<br />Recording Relationships<br />Section 5 – Recording Primary Relationships Between a Work, Expression, Manifestation, and Item<br />Section 6 – Recording Relationships to Persons, Families, and Corporate Bodies Associated with a Resource<br />Section 7 – Recording Subject Relationships<br />Section 8 – Recording Relationships Between Works, Expressions, Manifestations and Items<br />Section 9 – Recording Relationships Between Persons, Families, and Corporate Bodies<br />Section 10 – Recording Relationships Between Concepts, Objects, Events, and Places<br />
    54. 54. RDA Structure<br />Appendices<br />A. Capitalization<br />B. Abbreviations<br />C. Initial Articles<br />D. Record Syntaxes for Descriptive Data<br />E. Record Syntaxes for Access Point Control<br />F. Additional Instructions on Names of Persons<br />G. Titles of Nobility, Terms of Rank, Etc.<br />H. Dates in the Christian Calendar<br />I, J, K, and L. Relationship Designators<br />
    55. 55.
    56. 56.
    57. 57. RDA Elements<br />Elements are pieces of bibliographic data<br />RDA has core elements, core-if elements, and other elements<br />
    58. 58. RDA Elements<br />Definition of element in RDA: <br />“A word, character, or group of words and/or characters representing a distinct unit of bibliographic information”<br />
    59. 59. RDA Elements<br />Definition of element in AACR2: <br />“A word, phrase, or group of characters representing a distinct unit of bibliographic information and forming part of an area of the description.”<br />Chris Oliver, RDA: Designed for Current and Future Environments, November 10, 2010 <br />
    60. 60. ElementsAACR2 vs. RDA<br />Physical Description<br />Extent of item<br />Accompanying material<br />Other physical details<br />Dimensions<br />
    61. 61. ElementsAACR2 vs. RDA<br />AACR2 = elements can have multiple types of data<br />RDA = one type of data per element<br />
    62. 62. ElementsAACR2 vs. RDA<br />AACR2: date of publication, distribution, etc.<br />MARC 21: 260 $c<br />RDA: 4 different elements<br /><ul><li> date of production
    63. 63. date of publication
    64. 64. date of distribution
    65. 65. copyright date</li></ul>Chris Oliver, RDA: Designed for Current and Future Environments, November 10, 2010 <br />
    66. 66. ElementsAACR2 vs. RDA<br />other physical details<br />MARC 300 $b <br />illustrative content<br />encoding format<br />production method<br />sound content<br />applied material<br />base material<br />reduction ratio<br />Chris Oliver, RDA: Designed for Current and Future Environments, November 10, 2010 <br />
    67. 67. Core Elements for Work<br />Title of the work<br />
    68. 68. Core Relationships for a Work<br />Creator<br />Other Person, Family, or Corporate Body Associated with a Work<br />
    69. 69. Core Elements for Expression<br />Language of expression<br />Content type<br />
    70. 70. Core Elements for Manifestation<br />Title<br />Statement of responsibility<br />Edition statement<br />Publication statement<br />Carrier type<br />Numbering of Serials<br />Identifier for the manifestation<br />Series statement<br />
    71. 71. Core Elements for Item<br />None<br />
    72. 72. WEMI in a Bibliographic Record<br />Work<br />100 1_ $a Dickens, Charles, $d 1812-1870. <br />240 10 $a Martin Chuzzlewit<br />
    73. 73. WEMI in a Bibliographic Record<br />Expression<br />Lang: eng<br />336 __ $a text $b txt $2 rdacontent<br />
    74. 74. WEMI in a Bibliographic Record<br />Manifestation<br />020 __ $a 0140436146 <br />245 14 $a The life and adventures of Martin Chuzzlewit / $c Charles Dickens ; edited with an introduction and notes by Patricia Ingham. <br />260 __ $a London ; $a New York : $b Penguin Books, $c 1999. <br />300 __ $a xxxiii, 825 pages ; $c 20 cm. <br />338 __ $a volume $b nc $2 rdacarrier<br />490 1_ $a Penguin classics <br />700 1_ $a Ingham, Patricia.<br />
    75. 75. WEMI in a Bibliographic Record<br />Item<br />852 01 $a NLC $c LC $h PR4563.A2 I54 1999<br />
    76. 76. Questions?<br />
    77. 77. 10 Minute Break<br />Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mayeve/2312167749/<br />
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