Leadership.by neang dara ntPresentation Transcript
The Ultimate aim of human lifeand activity is the development ofcharacter, according to Aristotle The most important goal you could hope to accomplish in the course of your life is to become an excellent person, in every respect. Your purpose should be to develop the kind of personality and character that earns you the respect, esteem, and affection of the important people in your world.
Men and women of great character arethose who have developed the habits ofthinking and behaving that are consistentwith the fine qualities they wish to be knownfor. They discipline themselves to do the rightthing in every situation. By working on themselves and by steadyeffort, great people in our out, living and dead,have behaved in certain ways whether they feltlike or not.
Aristotle wrote about the great virtuespossessed by the leading men and women ofage. He concluded that each virtue is a “goldenmean” between the extremes of that quality oneither side. For example, he concluded thatcourage was the golden mean betweencowardliness on the one extreme andimpetuosity on the other
The Education of the Young Aristotle also wrote, “All improvement in society begins with the education of a young.” One of the primary responsibilities of those in charge of educating young people is to instill in them the importance of virtue, character, and good behavior.
Well, fortunately all virtues and values aremerely habits of thinking and acting. You can learn any habit you consider to beeither desirable or necessary. You can learn avirtue or value of character and leadership thesame way you develop a physical skill or habitby practice and repetition.
Develop Your Own Character If you wish to develop the quality of courage, act courageously even when you feel afraid.” 1. Imagine Your Ideal Self The starting point of character development is for you develop the habit of long-term thinking in your work and in your personal life.
2. Acting as if You Were Already ThatPerson As you develop greater clarity about how you want to be remembered in the hearts and minds of other people, you will become clearer about those values and qualities most important to you. You can then set those qualities as goals for yourself and make plans for their accomplishment.
ASPIRES TO LEADERSHIP It is not easy to rise to a position ofleadership in any organization or in any society.The competition for leadership is fierce. Onlythe people who are the very best equipped toacquire leadership position and then to hold onto those positions rise to the top in any areas.
Whatever It takes What is necessary for success in a leadershipposition is determined by many factorsincluding the people to be led; the objectives tobe accomplished; the competition for resources;the social, cultural, political, and economicenvironment; and the situation that the leaderfinds at the moment. Changing any one of these factors willchange the qualities of leadership necessary forsuccess. Leaders have vision; ordinary peopledo not.
Develop a Vision. First, habit you must develop is the habit ofvision. What you want to accomplish in thefuture. Dare to Go Forward Second, Leader’s habit is the habit ofcourage. Willingness to launch, to take actionin the direction of your goals and dreams, withno guarantee of success. Requiring you to takerisks with time, money, emotion, and otherresources.
YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE Once you have developed a clear vision foryour ideal future and resolved to developunshakable courage by doing the things youfear, you must develop the habit of acceptingcomplete responsibility for yourself and everyaspect of your life
Take Charge of Your Emotions Make it a habit to continually repeat to yourself the words, I am responsible! Whenever you feel angry or frustrated aboutsome person or situation, immediately cancelthis thought and feeling by saying, I amresponsible!
Tell the Truth The most important quality of leadership isthe habit of integrity. You develop integrity andbecome a completely honest person bypracticing telling the truth to yourself andothers in every situation
Decide What You Stand For Living in truth means that you liveconsistent with the highest values that youknow. This requires you develop the habit ofthinking through who you are and what youbelieve in.
BE ROLE MODEL FOR OTHER Adam Smith, in his important book, The Theory, of Moral Sentiments, wrote that excellent people have three primary virtues: Prudence, Justice, and Benevolence. Each of them is essential to the others and to the living of a full life in society.
Prudence The virtue of prudence refers to yourdeveloping the habit of providing well foryourself, your family, your friends, yourworkers and your company. This requires that you think intelligently andhonestly about the very best course of action tomaximize your opportunities and minimizepossible danger and threats.
Justice Is BlindThe second, habit for you to develop is thehabit of justice. This refers to your commitmentto the establishment and maintenance of laws insociety that protect the person and property ofevery individual.
BenevolenceThe third, quality you must develop is the habitof benevolence. This is one of the hallmarkcharacteristics of the truly superior person.Aristotle referred to it as one of the eightessential virtues, that of “generosity”
Believe in Something GreaterOne of the most important habits you candevelop is the habit of faith. Regardless of yourreligious or spiritual beliefs, it seems that mostgreat men and women are men and women offaith to a high degree.
Seek the Valuable LessonWhen you have faith, you believe that everysetback contains a lesson that has been sent toyou to help you.Norman Vincent Peale used to say “when Godwants to send you a gift, He wraps it up in aproblem. The bigger the problem He wraps itup in, the bigger the gift that it contains.
Loyalty Is EssentialThe habit of loyalty seems to be a quality ofthe very best people in our society.Disloyalty is a major reason for failure inbusiness and the world of work.
LOYALTY IS ESSENTIALThe habit of loyalty seems to be a quality of thevery best people in our society. Support Your Family, Friends andcompanyThe habit of loyalty requires that you beabsolutely loyal to your company. You nevercriticize your boss or the people you work withespecially outside the company.
Learn From ExperienceThis young experience taught me somethingthat has been priceless in my own personal life.From birth of my first child, I have developedmyself to practicing 100 percent unconditionalloyalty to my children, no matter what mistakesthey made or what trouble they got into (allchildren get into things when they are growingup)
NEVER GIVE UPHabit of persistence and determination.Napoleon Hill wrote, “Persistence is to thecharacter of man as carbon is to steel. Youalways act in a manner consistent with the wayyou believe inside, your self-concept.
ATTITUDE OF GRATITUDEThe final habit for you to develop in becominga truly excellent person is the habit ofpracticing an “attitude of gratitude” in everypart of your life.Napoleon Hill wrote, “Persistence is to thecharacter of man as carbon is to steel. Youalways act in a manner consistent with the wayyou believe inside, your self-concept.
Thankful for EverythingEven in the midst of the greatest difficulties youwill experience, you can find things which youare truly grateful. In fact, if you take a piece ofpaper and begin to write down the part of yourlife for which you should be grateful, you willbe amazed at how many items appear on youlist.
Your Great Good FortuneThe most successful people I have met,including millionaires, multimillionaires andeven billionaires always seem to describe theirsuccesses in life by saying “Life has been verygood to me, I have been so fortune, I have somany things to be grateful for”
Thankful for EverythingThe discovery that all of us are where we are,and what we are because of ourselves. We arewhere we are and what we are because of ourhabitual thoughts and actions. Men and womenof great character, competence, and leadershipabilities are those who have worked onthemselves, usually for many years, to becomethe kind of people that others look up torespect, and admire.
What is leadership?Leading people Influencing people Commanding people Guiding people
Leadership is situational. Different situations call fordifferent styles of leadership. It is the art of getting or inspiringpeople to do something with thefocus on people.
A leader is expected to act as aliason between an individual and theorganization. The behavior must be appropriatefor the situation. One style of leadership is not necessarily better than another.
Leaders integrate the needs offollowers with the goals of theorganization by integrating peoplewith tasks. They transform potential intoreality.
Types of Leadership StyleAutocratic: Leader makes decisions without reference to anyone else High degree of dependency on the leader Can create de-motivation and alienation of staff May be valuable in some types of business where decisions need to be made quickly and decisively
Democratic:Encourages decision making from different perspectives –leadership may be emphasised throughout the organisation Consultative: process of consultation before decisions are taken Persuasive: Leader takes decision and seeks to persuade others that the decision is correct
Democratic: May help motivation and involvement Workers feel ownership of the firm and its ideas Improves the sharing of ideas and experiences within the business Can delay decision making
Laissez-Faire: ‘Let it be’ – the leadership responsibilities are shared by all Can be very useful in businesses where creative ideas are important Can be highly motivational, as people have control over their working life Can make coordination and decision making time-consuming and lacking in overall direction Relies on good team work Relies on good interpersonal relations
Paternalistic:Leader acts as a ‘father figure’Paternalistic leader makes decision butmay consultBelieves in the need to support staff
Types of LeadersLeader by the position achievedLeader by personality, charismaLeader by moral exampleLeader by power heldIntellectual leaderLeader because of ability toaccomplish things
A Leader’s agenda - 8 steps to good performance PLAN 1.Create a vision 2.Develop clear work plans DEVELOP ORGANISE 7. Review the strategic 3. Review structures & work framework processes 8. Diagnose the situation 4. Lead & support staff MONITOR 5. Monitor performance & progress 6. Reflect & Learn
Managers vs. LeadersManagers Leaders Focus on things Focus on people Do things right Do the right things Plan Inspire Organize Influence Direct Motivate Control Build Follows the Shape entities rules
Common Activities Planning Organizing Directing Controlling
OrganizingManager Leader Creates Gets people on structure board for strategy Job descriptions Communication Staffing Networks Hierarchy Delegates Training
Directing WorkManager Leader Solves Empowers problems people Negotiates Cheerleader Brings to consensus
ControllingManager Leader Implements Motivate control systems Inspire Performance Gives sense of measures accomplishment Identifies variances Fixes variances
Leadership TraitsIntelligence Personality More intelligent Verbal facility than non- Honesty leaders Initiative Scholarship Aggressive Knowledge Self-confident Being able to Ambitious get things done OriginalityPhysical Sociability Doesn’t see to Adaptability
My experience of developmentsin Asia has led me to concludethat we need good men to havegood government. However goodthe system of government, badleaders will bring harm to theirpeople.Senior Minister LeeKuan Yew, 2000:735