Applied Administrative Law: Oil Spills and Water Law Neal R. Axton,  Information Resources Summer, 2010
Roadmap <ul><li>Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eCFR from GPOAccess </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulations.Gov </li></ul></u...
Free and Current!
Cyclical Nature of Law Congress Legislation & Codification Executive  (President) Veto & Signing Statements Executive  (Ag...
Executive Branch Documentation Congress Legislation & Codification Executive  (President) Executive Orders Executive  (Age...
Informal Rule-making Process <ul><li>Advanced Notice of Proposed Rule-Making  </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed Rule </li></ul><u...
Some Other Options <ul><li>Second Proposed Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed Rule with no Final Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Inter...
http://bit.ly/qMYiM
GSA Regulatory Help: Reginfo.Gov
Oil Spills and Water Law <ul><ul><li>Will I be tested over this? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrative procedure </li>...
Environmental Impact Statements <ul><li>The federal Minerals Management Service, which regulates offshore oil and gas prod...
 
Simple Search
Filter
 
 
Metadata!
Federal Register Document Number <ul><li>Formerly Regulation Identification Number or RIN </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking Itera...
Searching by FR Number
Unified Agenda
 
Regulatory Agenda <ul><li>What do agencies plan to regulate in the next six months </li></ul><ul><li>What regulations need...
Searching by FR Number
Preamble – Unique to Federal Register Not included in CFR  (Only Final Rule)
NEPA Website
Proposed Rules
Proposed Rules Redux
Categorical Exclusions
Categorical Exclusions
Cyclical Nature of Law Congress Delegate Power to Agency Executive  (President) Executive Orders Executive  (Agencies) Imp...
Problems at MMS Denver Office
MMS Oil and Gas in Gulf – Criminal Charges
Cyclical Nature of Law Congress Delegate Power to Agency Executive  (President) Executive Orders Executive  (Agencies) For...
<ul><li>  [N]othing is so local as a drop of water, or so national as what we do with it. </li></ul><ul><li>- Representati...
Long Legislative Interest in Water Safety <ul><li>The Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899:  30 Stat. 1151  </li></ul><ul><li>Pu...
Pollution Revisited <ul><li>Oil Pollution Act of 1961:  75 Stat. 402 </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Pollution Act Amendments of 197...
Aliases <ul><li>Oil Pollution Act of 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>OPA 90 </li></ul><ul><li>H.R. 1465 (101 st  Congress) </li></u...
Citation Review <ul><li>Public Law  (Pub. L. or P.L.) </li></ul><ul><li>Statutes At Large  (Stat.) </li></ul><ul><li>Publi...
Evolution <ul><li>Why use  Statutes at Large  versus public law number? </li></ul><ul><li>Why use  Statutes at Large  vers...
Memes & Memory <ul><li>Popular Names  </li></ul><ul><li>Populist Names </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Pollution Act or OPA </li></ul>
 
Hein
Popular Name on Hein
Popular Name Table on Westlaw
Popular Name Table
Enactments
Process of Codification
Law Revision Counsel of House of Representatives
Westlaw Version of Public Law
Damages
Cyclical Nature of Law Congress Legislation Executive  (President) Executive Orders Executive  (Agencies) Formal & Informa...
Remediation & Federal Water Pollution Control Act <ul><li>Clean Water Act of 1977, aka CWA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public La...
Clean Water <ul><li>Everything that man himself injects into the biosphere - chemical, biological or physical - can ultima...
<ul><li>Water Quality Standards (WQS) </li></ul><ul><li>Designated Uses (DU) </li></ul><ul><li>Higher use = cleaner water ...
Multiple Designated Uses <ul><li>Source: http://bit.ly/12fdjG </li></ul>
Cleaning the Water <ul><li>National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System </li></ul><ul><li>Permits Required to Discharge...
Highlights of CWA <ul><li>Section 303 & 307  – EPA defines pollutants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1972 law gave EPA 90 days to d...
 
 
NPDES Proposed Rule’s Preamble - 1978
Final Rule – NPDES Preamble
Executive Orders  in the Code of Federal Regulations <ul><li>Published for current year ONLY </li></ul><ul><li>Title 3 of ...
 
Browse and Update!
Currency
 
Federal Register
 
Updating of Executive Orders at NARA
Questions or Comments <ul><li>Neal.Axton at the domain wmitchell.edu </li></ul><ul><li>Reference at the domain wmitchell.e...
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Oil Pollution Act Water Law Summer 2010 V4

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Oil Pollution Act Water Law Summer 2010 V4

  1. 1. Applied Administrative Law: Oil Spills and Water Law Neal R. Axton, Information Resources Summer, 2010
  2. 2. Roadmap <ul><li>Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eCFR from GPOAccess </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulations.Gov </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cyclical Nature of Law </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Agencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CEQ and NEPA Revisied </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil Pollution Law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remediation and Water Pollution </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Free and Current!
  4. 4. Cyclical Nature of Law Congress Legislation & Codification Executive (President) Veto & Signing Statements Executive (Agencies) Regulation & Enforcement Judiciary Interpretation & Gap Filling
  5. 5. Executive Branch Documentation Congress Legislation & Codification Executive (President) Executive Orders Executive (Agencies) Formal & Informal Rule-Making Judiciary Injunctions & Invalidation
  6. 6. Informal Rule-making Process <ul><li>Advanced Notice of Proposed Rule-Making </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Comment Period </li></ul><ul><li>Final Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Variations on a theme </li></ul>
  7. 7. Some Other Options <ul><li>Second Proposed Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed Rule with no Final Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Interim Proposed Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Interim Final Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Orders </li></ul>
  8. 8. http://bit.ly/qMYiM
  9. 9. GSA Regulatory Help: Reginfo.Gov
  10. 10. Oil Spills and Water Law <ul><ul><li>Will I be tested over this? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrative procedure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrative policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interface of statutes, regulations, cases, politics & public policy </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Environmental Impact Statements <ul><li>The federal Minerals Management Service, which regulates offshore oil and gas production and collects reports on spills as small as a single barrel, was so confident of [deep sea drilling] system that it exempted BP from filing an environmental impact statement for the Macondo operation. </li></ul><ul><li>- Peter Coy and Stanley Reed, Lessons from the Spill , Business Week, May 10, 2010, available at http://bit.ly/9jIAIM </li></ul>
  12. 13. Simple Search
  13. 14. Filter
  14. 17. Metadata!
  15. 18. Federal Register Document Number <ul><li>Formerly Regulation Identification Number or RIN </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking Iterations of Rule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed Rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amended Proposed Rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Proposed Rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interim Final Rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final Rule </li></ul></ul>
  16. 19. Searching by FR Number
  17. 20. Unified Agenda
  18. 22. Regulatory Agenda <ul><li>What do agencies plan to regulate in the next six months </li></ul><ul><li>What regulations need updated </li></ul><ul><li>Notice </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Warning to Counsel </li></ul><ul><li>Back to our story… </li></ul>
  19. 23. Searching by FR Number
  20. 24. Preamble – Unique to Federal Register Not included in CFR (Only Final Rule)
  21. 25. NEPA Website
  22. 26. Proposed Rules
  23. 27. Proposed Rules Redux
  24. 28. Categorical Exclusions
  25. 29. Categorical Exclusions
  26. 30. Cyclical Nature of Law Congress Delegate Power to Agency Executive (President) Executive Orders Executive (Agencies) Implement Congress’ Vision Judiciary Ensure Agencies do not exceed authority
  27. 31. Problems at MMS Denver Office
  28. 32. MMS Oil and Gas in Gulf – Criminal Charges
  29. 33. Cyclical Nature of Law Congress Delegate Power to Agency Executive (President) Executive Orders Executive (Agencies) Formal & Informal Rule-Making Judiciary Hold Agencies Accountable
  30. 34. <ul><li> [N]othing is so local as a drop of water, or so national as what we do with it. </li></ul><ul><li>- Representative Sidney R. Yates (D-IL) </li></ul><ul><li>111 Cong. Rec. 8674 (1965) (from the House floor debate on the Water Quality Act of 1965). </li></ul>The Commonwealth
  31. 35. Long Legislative Interest in Water Safety <ul><li>The Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899: 30 Stat. 1151 </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health Service Act of 1912: 37 Stat. 309 </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Pollution Act of 1924: 43 Stat.604 </li></ul>
  32. 36. Pollution Revisited <ul><li>Oil Pollution Act of 1961: 75 Stat. 402 </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Pollution Act Amendments of 1973: </li></ul><ul><li>87 Stat. 424 </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Pollution Act of 1990: 104 Stat. 484 </li></ul>
  33. 37. Aliases <ul><li>Oil Pollution Act of 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>OPA 90 </li></ul><ul><li>H.R. 1465 (101 st Congress) </li></ul><ul><li>Pub. L. 101-380 </li></ul><ul><li>104 Stat. 484 </li></ul><ul><li>33 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. </li></ul><ul><li>33 U.S.C. §§ 2701-61 </li></ul>
  34. 38. Citation Review <ul><li>Public Law (Pub. L. or P.L.) </li></ul><ul><li>Statutes At Large (Stat.) </li></ul><ul><li>Public Law 101-380, 104 Stat. 484 (1990) </li></ul><ul><li>Public Law 101-380 was 380th law adopted by 101st Congress. </li></ul><ul><li>It is published in the Statutes at Large in Volume 104 on Page 380 </li></ul><ul><li>Public Law 101-380 became law in 1990. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember that Congresses span two calendar years. </li></ul>
  35. 39. Evolution <ul><li>Why use Statutes at Large versus public law number? </li></ul><ul><li>Why use Statutes at Large versus United States Code ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why not use United States Code Annotated ? </li></ul>
  36. 40. Memes & Memory <ul><li>Popular Names </li></ul><ul><li>Populist Names </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Pollution Act or OPA </li></ul>
  37. 42. Hein
  38. 43. Popular Name on Hein
  39. 44. Popular Name Table on Westlaw
  40. 45. Popular Name Table
  41. 46. Enactments
  42. 47. Process of Codification
  43. 48. Law Revision Counsel of House of Representatives
  44. 49. Westlaw Version of Public Law
  45. 50. Damages
  46. 51. Cyclical Nature of Law Congress Legislation Executive (President) Executive Orders Executive (Agencies) Formal & Informal Rule-Making Judiciary Construction of the Law
  47. 52. Remediation & Federal Water Pollution Control Act <ul><li>Clean Water Act of 1977, aka CWA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Law 95-217 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Codified at 33 USC 1251 et seq. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CWA amended and strengthened the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, Public Law 80-845, 62 Stat.1155 (1948). </li></ul><ul><li>Legacy of Oil Spill will be polluted waters. </li></ul>
  48. 53. Clean Water <ul><li>Everything that man himself injects into the biosphere - chemical, biological or physical - can ultimately find its way into the earth's water. And these contaminants must be removed, by nature or by man, before that water is again potable. </li></ul><ul><li>- Charles C. Johnson, Jr., Asst. Surgeon General </li></ul>
  49. 54. <ul><li>Water Quality Standards (WQS) </li></ul><ul><li>Designated Uses (DU) </li></ul><ul><li>Higher use = cleaner water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drinking, Swimming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fishing, Farming </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lower Use = more polluted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial Discharge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thermal Transfer </li></ul></ul>1972 CWA Innovations
  50. 55. Multiple Designated Uses <ul><li>Source: http://bit.ly/12fdjG </li></ul>
  51. 56. Cleaning the Water <ul><li>National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System </li></ul><ul><li>Permits Required to Discharge Waste Water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Point Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Factory Discharge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sewage Discharge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feedlot Discharge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thermal Discharge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Exempted by Statute from NPDES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-Point Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Irrigation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fertiliser </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Herbicide </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insecticide </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Grey Area: Irrigation Return Flows, exempted </li></ul>
  52. 57. Highlights of CWA <ul><li>Section 303 & 307 – EPA defines pollutants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1972 law gave EPA 90 days to define </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA missed deadline </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Once pollutants identified, States implement Total Maximum [Waste] Daily Loads </li></ul><ul><li>State TDMLs to be approved by EPA </li></ul><ul><li>If not approved, EPA to create TDML </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Section 402 takeover provision) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No staffing for EPA to set TDMLs </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Citizen Suits & NGOs </li></ul>
  53. 60. NPDES Proposed Rule’s Preamble - 1978
  54. 61. Final Rule – NPDES Preamble
  55. 62. Executive Orders in the Code of Federal Regulations <ul><li>Published for current year ONLY </li></ul><ul><li>Title 3 of CFR </li></ul><ul><li>Historically in Federal Register </li></ul><ul><li>Collections of Presidential Papers </li></ul><ul><li>My favorite site for Executive Orders: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/executive-orders/ </li></ul><ul><li>or http://bit.ly/1BsbGa </li></ul>
  56. 64. Browse and Update!
  57. 65. Currency
  58. 67. Federal Register
  59. 69. Updating of Executive Orders at NARA
  60. 70. Questions or Comments <ul><li>Neal.Axton at the domain wmitchell.edu </li></ul><ul><li>Reference at the domain wmitchell.edu </li></ul>

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