Introduction to the Law Focus on  Nursing Home Law Neal R. Axton,  Information Resources Summer, 2010
Finding “The Law”  <ul><li>Primary Sources  are “The Law” </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Sources  explain “The Law” </li></ul...
Three Branches of Government Executive Legislative Judicial
Federalism National State County City City State County County City City
Types & Sources of  Primary Law <ul><li>Constitutions </li></ul><ul><li>Statutes from Congress & Legislature </li></ul><ul...
Thinking Like a Lawyer <ul><li>Jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal </li></...
Starting your Search <ul><li>Research Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where to Look </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resources: P...
Legal Dictionaries <ul><li>Explains legal phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Law sometimes uses Latin, French & even Old English ph...
Legal Encyclopedias <ul><li>Corpus Juris Secundum </li></ul><ul><li>American Jurisprudence </li></ul><ul><li>Dunnell Minne...
Legal Tools Congress Legislation & Statutes Executive  (President) Veto & Signing Statements Executive  (Agencies) Regulat...
Statutes <ul><li>Laws as enacted by  </li></ul><ul><li>Congress or Legislature </li></ul><ul><li>Published: </li></ul><ul>...
Memes & Memory <ul><li>Popular Names </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USA PATRIOT Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CAN SPAM Act </li></...
Superfund <ul><li>Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) </li></ul><ul><li...
http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/topn /
Statutes – Federal & State National State County City City State County County City City
Laws from the Legislature
Statutes arranged by Chapters
Chapters 144-46
Chapter 144A
Chapter 144G
Cyclical Nature of Law Congress Delegate Power to Agency Executive  (President) Executive Orders Executive  (Agencies) Imp...
Executive Branch Documentation Congress Legislation & Codification Executive  (President) Executive Orders Executive  (Age...
Federal & State Register <ul><li>Newspaper of the Government </li></ul><ul><li>5 days per week </li></ul><ul><li>Print and...
Informal Rule-making Process <ul><li>Proposed Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Comment Period </li></ul><ul><li>Final Rule </li></ul>
Subject Arrangement: Codification <ul><li>Final Rules = Power of Law </li></ul><ul><li>Notice to Industry, Citizens, Couns...
Minnesota Rules
 
Regulations – Federal & State National State County City City State County County City City
Free and Current!
 
Regulatory Agenda <ul><li>What do agencies plan to regulate in the next six months </li></ul><ul><li>What regulations need...
Federal Regulatory Agenda
 
Executive Branch Documentation Congress Legislation & Codification Executive  (President) Executive Orders Executive  (Age...
Executive Orders  in the Code of Federal Regulations <ul><li>Published for current year ONLY </li></ul><ul><li>Title 3 of ...
 
Browse and Update!
Currency
Recent Executive Orders
Federal Register
Cyclical Nature of Law Congress Delegate Power to Agency Executive  (President) Executive Orders Executive  (Agencies) For...
Case Law Research <ul><li>Reporters – contains the text judicial opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Digests – subject access to ca...
Case Citations <ul><li>Use Case Citation to find Case </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Kroschel v. City of Aft...
Parts of a Judicial Decision <ul><li>Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Docket Number </li></ul><ul><li>Dates Argued & Decided </li...
Questions or Comments <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
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  • Our focus here is on Primary Resources, but as you get into legal research, you will find that the secondary sources are extremely important also.
  • Going to look at a quick example of how this research would play out (go through slide) All Codes will have index volumes – look up the terms you think are relevant to the issues in the index, that will refer you to the appropriate code sections Not going to take the time to do the brainstorming on this problem…you’ll get a chance to do that with the library exercise
  • Descriptive Word Index – usually located at the end of the digest set (Go through slide) So let’s go ahead and see how the digest works…
  • Turn our attention to case law research… Two main types of tools we use when researching case law Reporters – cases published chronologically as they come out 5 million reported cases, over 100,000 new cases each year – even if you heard there was a case on point for your research that came out last year…wouldn’t want to go through case by case to find it Digests – finding tool which provides subject access cases published in the reporters Basically a subject index to case law – look up topic and find references to cases on that topic
  • Cases are found using the “case citation” you have probably already seen these in your reading… Address for the case In this case…P.2d is the abbreviation for the Pacific Reporter, 2 nd series.
  • Get a lot of information at the start of the published case… Docket Number – assigned when the case enters the court system – stays with the case synopsis and headnote are terms that may not be familiar to you… we’ll look at what those are in a minute Decision – what we look at to see how the court has applied or interpreted the law in a specific instance.
  • Nursing home law_v4

    1. 1. Introduction to the Law Focus on Nursing Home Law Neal R. Axton, Information Resources Summer, 2010
    2. 2. Finding “The Law” <ul><li>Primary Sources are “The Law” </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Sources explain “The Law” </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Sources </li></ul><ul><li>also known as </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Commentary </li></ul>
    3. 3. Three Branches of Government Executive Legislative Judicial
    4. 4. Federalism National State County City City State County County City City
    5. 5. Types & Sources of Primary Law <ul><li>Constitutions </li></ul><ul><li>Statutes from Congress & Legislature </li></ul><ul><li>Common Law / Case Law created by Courts </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations from Administrative Agencies </li></ul>
    6. 6. Thinking Like a Lawyer <ul><li>Jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tribal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>County </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Criminal vs. Civil </li></ul><ul><li>Legal vs. Equitable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equitable remedies include injunctions & constructive trusts </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Starting your Search <ul><li>Research Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where to Look </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resources: Print & Online </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Legal vs. Non-Legal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Determine jurisdiction & overlap </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Branches of Government </li></ul><ul><li>Research Log </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Searches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dead Ends </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Legal Dictionaries <ul><li>Explains legal phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Law sometimes uses Latin, French & even Old English phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Black’s Law Dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Ballentine’s Legal Dictionary </li></ul>
    9. 9. Legal Encyclopedias <ul><li>Corpus Juris Secundum </li></ul><ul><li>American Jurisprudence </li></ul><ul><li>Dunnell Minnesota Digest </li></ul>
    10. 10. Legal Tools Congress Legislation & Statutes Executive (President) Veto & Signing Statements Executive (Agencies) Regulation & Enforcement Judiciary Interpretation & Gap Filling
    11. 11. Statutes <ul><li>Laws as enacted by </li></ul><ul><li>Congress or Legislature </li></ul><ul><li>Published: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slip Laws – individual laws </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Session Laws & Statutes at Large – chronological arrangement </li></ul><ul><li>Codes – subject arrangement </li></ul>
    12. 12. Memes & Memory <ul><li>Popular Names </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USA PATRIOT Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CAN SPAM Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean Water Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Superfund </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Superfund <ul><li>Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) </li></ul><ul><li>Public Law 96-510 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>510 th law passed by 96 th Congress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Passed as House Resolution 96-773 & Senate Bill 1480  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>94 Stat. 2767 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Volume 94, Statutes at Large, page 2767 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Codified at Title 42 United States Code section 9601 et seq. </li></ul>
    14. 14. http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/topn /
    15. 15. Statutes – Federal & State National State County City City State County County City City
    16. 16. Laws from the Legislature
    17. 17. Statutes arranged by Chapters
    18. 18. Chapters 144-46
    19. 19. Chapter 144A
    20. 20. Chapter 144G
    21. 21. Cyclical Nature of Law Congress Delegate Power to Agency Executive (President) Executive Orders Executive (Agencies) Implement Congress’ Vision Judiciary Ensure Agencies do not exceed authority
    22. 22. Executive Branch Documentation Congress Legislation & Codification Executive (President) Executive Orders Executive (Agencies) Rule-Making Judiciary Injunctions & Invalidation
    23. 23. Federal & State Register <ul><li>Newspaper of the Government </li></ul><ul><li>5 days per week </li></ul><ul><li>Print and Online </li></ul><ul><li>Preamble and Regulation (aka Rule) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Link to Website becoming Common </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regulatory History and Intent </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed Rule </li></ul><ul><li>60 days to comment </li></ul><ul><li>Final Rule </li></ul>
    24. 24. Informal Rule-making Process <ul><li>Proposed Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Comment Period </li></ul><ul><li>Final Rule </li></ul>
    25. 25. Subject Arrangement: Codification <ul><li>Final Rules = Power of Law </li></ul><ul><li>Notice to Industry, Citizens, Counsel </li></ul><ul><li>Minnesota Compilation of Final Rules </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minnesota Rules </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Federal Compilation of Final Rules </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Code of Federal Regulations </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Minnesota Rules
    27. 28. Regulations – Federal & State National State County City City State County County City City
    28. 29. Free and Current!
    29. 31. Regulatory Agenda <ul><li>What do agencies plan to regulate in the next six months </li></ul><ul><li>What regulations need updated </li></ul><ul><li>Notice </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Warning to Counsel </li></ul>
    30. 32. Federal Regulatory Agenda
    31. 34. Executive Branch Documentation Congress Legislation & Codification Executive (President) Executive Orders Executive (Agencies) Rule-Making Judiciary Injunctions & Invalidation
    32. 35. Executive Orders in the Code of Federal Regulations <ul><li>Published for current year ONLY </li></ul><ul><li>Title 3 of CFR </li></ul><ul><li>Historically in Federal Register </li></ul><ul><li>Collections of Presidential Papers </li></ul><ul><li>My favorite site for Executive Orders: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/executive-orders/ </li></ul><ul><li>or http://bit.ly/1BsbGa </li></ul>
    33. 37. Browse and Update!
    34. 38. Currency
    35. 39. Recent Executive Orders
    36. 40. Federal Register
    37. 41. Cyclical Nature of Law Congress Delegate Power to Agency Executive (President) Executive Orders Executive (Agencies) Formal & Informal Rule-Making Judiciary Interpret the Law Hold Agencies Accountable
    38. 42. Case Law Research <ul><li>Reporters – contains the text judicial opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Digests – subject access to cases </li></ul><ul><li>Law Reviews – Legal Articles </li></ul><ul><li>Treatises – Book Length Treatment </li></ul>
    39. 43. Case Citations <ul><li>Use Case Citation to find Case </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Kroschel v. City of Afton, 524 N.W.2d 719 (Minn. 1994) </li></ul>
    40. 44. Parts of a Judicial Decision <ul><li>Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Docket Number </li></ul><ul><li>Dates Argued & Decided </li></ul><ul><li>Attorneys & Judges </li></ul><ul><li>Synopsis </li></ul><ul><li>Headnotes </li></ul><ul><li>Text of Decision </li></ul>
    41. 45. Questions or Comments <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
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