Unit 11


Published on

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Unit 11

  1. 1. Unit 11<br />Postmodernism and gender<br />Black feminist thought<br />
  2. 2. Patricia Hill-Collins<br />
  3. 3. Hill-Collins and knowledgeproduction<br />Knowledge, consciousness and the policitics of empowerment<br />Black feminist thought=> placing black women’s lives and experiences at the center of analysis; a post modern approach to knowlegdeproduction; newconcepts, paradigms and epistomology<br />Knowlegde is power and part of the social relations of domination and resistance of marginalizedorexcludedgroups<br />
  4. 4. Conceptualframework<br />The interwovenmechanisms of race, gender, class; (ethnicity, culture, nationality, age..etc)<br />Empowering (black orcolored) women and men withinanafrocentricepistomologicalperspective<br />Paradigmatic shifts; how does ittakeform? Domination and resistance; Reconceptualizing race, class and gender as interlockingsystems of oppression<br />Black feminist thoughtsees these distinctivesystems of oppression as being part of overarchingstructure of domination.<br />Sociohistorical context essentialforunderstanding the interlockingmechanisms<br />
  5. 5. Examples of black feminist epistomologies and thougt<br />Placing the particular in the center of analysisrevealsmuchneededinformationabout the expericences of a specificgroup and questions the eurocentricmasculinistperspectives<br />
  6. 6. Writers and scholars likeLorainneHansberry, Alice Walker, ZoraNealeHurston, HazelCarby, Bell Hooks, Toni Morrison , Nikki Giovanni, JuneJordan, Barbara Christian, Philomena Essed<br />
  7. 7. The matrix of domination<br />
  8. 8. Models of oppression are rooted in the either/ordichtomous thinking of Eurocentric white masculinist thinking. Replacing models of oppression of interlockingsystems of oppressionreplacesnewparadigms, a shift in paradigm.<br />Race, gender, class, sexualorientation, age, religion and ethnicityaffectsheavenly the lives and experieces of black and non white women<br />Analysing the displacement, marginalization and lack of epistemology of black womenorothermarginalizedgroupschallengesprevailingnotions, theories and definitions.<br />The theoreticalframework race, gender and classconceptulizes all experiences of groups and persons. Itcritiques the assumptionthatit does not matter<br />Master thesis; From Black women studies towards black feminist research; paper for the MIT conferencie Black women in Academy. A summary<br />
  9. 9. Multiple levels of domination<br />The axes race, gender and socio-economic background form the matrix of domination and that is onseveral 3) levels: 1)the level of personalbiography, 2)the grouporcommunity level or the cultural context and 3)the systematic level of socialinstitutions<br />The power of dominationcantake all kinds of forms; accounts are diverse and domination is always complex and diffucult. How is dominatingwho and where? (class, race, gender, education, ageetc… within different context and situations)<br />Oppression is filledwithcontradictions…. There are nosimplevictims and oppressors….penalties and privilege are part of the multiple systems of oppression in everybodys lives.<br />
  10. 10. Resisiting the matrix of domination; revolutionbeginsby the self. Audre Lorde<br />;…. Butthatpeace of the oppressorwhich is planteddeepwithineach of us….<br />
  11. 11. Is it important to be a black women to understand the matrix of domination? How is knowledgeproduced? ExampleZoraNealeHurston.<br />All the stereotypicalideasabout black females (teenagemothers, single mothers, abusedbyfathers and husbands, poverty, violence and at healthrisk (HIV). How to changethisknowledgeor research and fromwhichperspective?<br />Situatedknowledge, subjugatedknowledge and partialperspectives<br />Knowledgeabout black women is produced in collaborationwiththem in theircommunities; it is specilizedthought and epistomology (Foucault). It is partial… the particular. The matrix oversees multiple groupswithvaryingexperiences. No groups has the truth……<br />
  12. 12. Agents of knowledge<br />The importance of dialogue, empathy and truth<br />Dialogue and empathy: subjectivity, interdependence, taken forgrantedknowledge and everydaypractices…<br />Black womenintellectualsrealizethatsocialconditionsshape the types of thought. Decentering the dominant group (whichevergroup) does notoccur without struggle… in order to accept the variety of experiencesthatexists, a variety of ways of understanding the world, a variety o of frameworks of operation without imposingconsiouslyorunconsiously a notion of the norm….<br />
  13. 13. The politics of empowerment<br />Let go of victamization and a passive attitude and beaccountable, ownership, complex and responsible, noteithereitherbutboth, humanbeings<br />
  14. 14. Constructing feminist knowledge in the Caribbean<br />
  15. 15. EudineBarriteau<br />
  16. 16. Barriteauperspectivesongender relations in the Caribbean.<br />Who is EudineBarriteau? The concept of genderjusticeinstead of the concept of rights.<br />Caribbeaneconomies are charactizedbypost-colonialpatriachal histories<br />BasedonLiberalconservativepatriachalstatesideologies<br />Gender and developmentpolicies of international organizations (UN agencies) WID. <br />
  17. 17. WID and UN discourseonwomen , developmenttheories and globalisation is utilitarian and veryeconomic<br />Ananalysis of the lack of femaleontological right to be<br />The interwovenmechanism of race, gender and class CAFRA<br />The role of Caricom, UNDP , HDI, GDIand the role of postcolonialsocieties<br />
  18. 18. The lack of data on the lives of Caribbeanwomen (and men)<br />Singular focus of family relations, householdstypes and matriachalfamilystructures, glorifyingcaribbeanwomen as orveryvunerableoruberstrong<br />The role of the UWI gender and developement center in producing research and data on the lives and experiences of women in the Caribbean<br />No feminist state ideology in the Caribbean<br />Backlashforwomenby the attentionfor the position of caribbean men, Millers ´The marginalisation of the Black Male´+ drop out rates of boys, high unemploymentrates of men, crime rate etc.<br />Ideologicalconstructionsthatfavor men abovewomensexperiences<br />
  19. 19. The invisibility of the experiences of women in politicalideologicalconstructions and philosophies<br />