REGIONAL SEMINAR ON “BEST AND PROMISING PRACTICES IN REDUCING ARMED VIOLENCE IN EUROPE” (AVRP) Gender-based Violence in Macedonia Journalists for human rights Presented by: Natasha Dokovska Zagreb, 13 - 14 September 2011
NGO – Journalists for human rights has made once per year research on the issues of guns violence under the women in the country .
In general in Macedonia a gun increase the chance of death by 11 times compared to other means of violence.
According our last research one in three women is victim of family violence, but also they are victim of gun violence instead of every fourth women According our last research one in three women is victim of family violence, but also they are victim of gun violence instead of each forth women as it was until 3 years ago, which means that gun violence “is back” in country
Research data collection
SOS phone for women victim of violence
Children SOS phone
This year, for 10 times we made the survey about the role of small arms and light weapons under women in Macedonia The survey was made with 1000 women suit by an anonymous telephone survey. The structure of the respondents is as follows • 70% of women were aged between 35-50 years, 25% of 18-35 years and 5% over 50 years • commitment by national Macedonian women were 75%, 20 Albanian, 5% other • 85% of respondents have higher education, 15% with secondary
In our country domestic Violence is a public health epidemic that is greatly intensified with the easy access and availability of firearms;
The research say that 63% of domestic violence homicides are from firearms, in the most cases the victims are women.
Guns are used by domestic abusers: to gain control and power in a relationship In Macedonia the reasons for abuse are: Economic dependency Alcohol Jealousy Ethnic intolerance
On the question how many times are the victim of armed violence? • 350 women said they often are victims of violence (which is 50% more than the response received last year) • 360 women answered that they had been victim more than five times • 200 once • 90 never
On the question of who is the perpetrator, the answers are as follows
* 520 - husband (as compared to previous years shows that violence within the family returns)
120 – partner
80 – brother
94 - father (the percentage increase of 20%)
18 - unknown perpetrator
168 - stepfather (a surprising number of positive answers that occurs stepfather as a perpetrator. Only to illustrate the past year only 10 response say that stepfather was perpetrator)
Asked how the perperator bought the weapon, the answers are as follows
650 - said that the weapons were purchased illegally
50 that is legal
300 - do not know
On the question of what works perpetrator, is still a high percentage of unemployed men who left job as a result of the economic crisis, and thus 350 respondents answered, 120 of them answered that perpetrator is intellectual;
• 120 - student (only for illustration last year said that 40 were students) • 100 - teen • 80 - do not know • 90 - secondary school • 140 - no school
Would have been a direct victim of armed violence? • 820 responded positively • 170 responded negatively Do any of your immediate environment knows about the violence made under you? • 540 respondents said they do not hide it and it informed: • in 250 cases informed the children (which is less by 40% last year) • In 200 cases the parents • In 90 cases - Friends
Whether the children are aware of the existence of weapons at home and the risk that it has? • 790 women responded that children are fully aware of the weapons at home and that often they are victims Do you live with the perpetrator? • 340 of the women responded positively (which is a reduction in the number of respondents who suffer violence, that is already easily decide to leave the perpetrator or oppose) What kind of weapons possession , women said thet perpetrator used a gun or small arms
Asked whether he has informed police about the violence we have a low percentage of women who report violence something more than 20%, while other argue that it had informed the police because they fear retaliation Asked if they've had contact with the weapon fact that this year most girls between the ages of 18-35 age responded that carry cool weapons that are small knives as well as self-defense sprays, and they carry for self-defense in case they are attacked on the street. A positive answer to this question gave us 160 respondents
While gun related domestic violence occurs in peaceful settings as well as in conflict zones, domestic abuse increases during and after conflict.
After a conflict officially ends, guns circulate in the community.
Post-conflict stress, combined with economic prospects and reduction in basic services, contribute to the dynamics of domestic violence after war.
In Macedonia after the war conflict in 2002, more than 63 % of women was victims of domestic violence, often at the hands of men who had kept the small arms they used during the war conflict.
JHR in collaboration with other women NGO in our country and other regional women organization work on few campaign to draw attention to intimate partner violence.
We work directly with the victims and perpetrators (training with the man and women)
Training with journalists to implement peace journalism, which means to know to cover the issues and not to misuse in sensations;
Introduce strong domestic small arms legislation reinforced by rigorous regional and international agreements as an essential step to improve the safety of women against gun related domestic violence.
Support the development of gender-sensitive international agreements concerning small arms and peace building.
Campaign to make National Action Plan for UN Resolution 1325 and other “sister” resolution to UN 1325;