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  • 1. Pitt Sailing Club Learn to Sail Lesson 1
  • 2. College Sailing ICSA 218 schools nationwide MAISA 43 schools We’re the newest team! Also the first team in Western PA
  • 3. Preparation From the Sun How?
  • 4. Sun Preparation
  • 5. Preparation From cold/wet weather How!? What is hypothermia and why is it a big deal?
  • 6. Cold/Wet Weather Preparation
  • 7. Prepare Boat and water safety How!?!?!!?
  • 8. Wear your Lifejacket! No EXCEPTIONS! AT ALL TIMES WHEN ON OUR BOATS! No, I don’t care how stupid you think you look. Why should you wear one anyway?
  • 9. PFD usage Fall overboard Capsize Insulation from cold Will keep your head above water when you’re unconscious (USCG-approved) Make sure it fits! PSC provides for you
  • 10. Know your Boat Hull Bow Stern Cockpit Rudder/Tiller/Tiller extension Centerboard/daggerboard (and trunk)
  • 11. Know your Boat! Mast/Boom Sail anatomy Standing Rigging Running Rigging
  • 12. Mast/Boom/Standing Rigging Mast – big upright metal spar Boom – horizontal metal spar that hits your head Shrouds – metal cables holding mast up on sides Forestay – cable/line holding mast forward Spreaders – provide support to shrouds
  • 13. Running Rigging Mainsheet – control angle of mainsail Jibsheet – control angle of jib sail Halyards – raise/lower sails Boom Vang – prevents boom from rising Outhaul – stretches foot (bottom) of sail Cunningham – stretches luff of sail
  • 14. Sail Anatomy Head – top of sail Luff – front edge of sail Food – bottom of sail Tack – corner of luff and foot Leech – back edge of sail Clew – corner of leech and foot Battens – provide rigidity of sail
  • 15. Directional Terms! Port – Left when facing forward Starboard – Right when facing forward “Stars are always right.” Ahead – forward Astern/Aft – behind Midships – midline Abeam – beyond middle of boat at 90° angle
  • 16. More directions Windward – side from which the wind blows Leeward (loo-ward) – opposite, downwind side Port Tack – wind coming over port side of boat Starboard Tack – wind coming over starboard side of boat!
  • 17. Directions Which side is windward in this diagram? Leeward? What tack is this boat on?
  • 18. Weather/Wind Awareness Watch clouds for weather changes Know forecast Know wind direction (generally/predominantly)
  • 19. Wind Direction How can you tell where the wind is coming from?
  • 20. Wind Direction? Smokestacks/Chimney s Flags Trees Telltales! Feel it on your face (not always reliable) Water ripples/dark patches Boats at anchor MERICA!
  • 21. Water movement Current/Tides…..not our problem yo! Wootwoot lake sailing!
  • 22. Quiz! Term for directly perpendicular to boat?
  • 23. Quiz ABEAM!
  • 24. qUiz! Right side when facing forward?
  • 25. qUiz STARBOARD!
  • 26. quIz! What is a shroud and what does it do??
  • 27. quIz Metal cable holding the mast on the sides Prevents the mast from falling sideways….pretty damn important
  • 28. quiZ! What part of the sail does the OUTHAUL control??
  • 29. quiZ The FOOT! Outhaul….pulls the sail…..OUT!
  • 30. Quiz What does the BOOM VANG do? And where is it attached on the boat (2 spots)?
  • 31. Quiz Prevents boom from rising! Mast step and forward boom
  • 32. QUIZ What is the trailing (back side) edge of the sail called?
  • 33. QUIZ LEECH! Not the gross bloodsucker.
  • 34. Quiz When should you have a PFD on?
  • 35. Quiz Whenever you’re on a boat or near the water! Or, if you’re a freshman, probably a few times on campus during the semester too
  • 36. Quiz What do the three blue lines on our burgee mean? What even is a burgee? Why is Vinny obsessed with it?
  • 37. Quiz The three rivers! Designates a Sailing/Yacht Club, or fleet, traditionally Because this club is my baby.
  • 38. Quiz….last one Big tall dark clouds are moving toward you….what is probably going to happen and what should you probably do?
  • 39. Quiz Thunderstorm or big low pressure system bringing rain and wind. Should probably go in and get off the water/ away from the big metal lightning pole (mast) Or stay out and sail if you’re a crazy mofo like Vinny….
  • 40. Questions? ??????? ?????