Elise Smith & Chris Wild - Public Participatory GIS

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Digital Preservation and Continuity Forum

Digital Preservation and Continuity Forum

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  • Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network
  • “ Community groups have access to many forms of data and information that are qualities of the community itself and are therefore not available from any source other than from the community. Traditional ecological knowledge, local spirituality, aesthetic and amenity values are relevant examples” said Thomas Meredith ( McGill University, Montreal, Canada), a researcher in “ democracy and participation in environmental decision-making”. In order to be of value to planners and authorities, as well as researchers, the natural history community groups in Taranaki devised a way to make available their information. It is digitised, stored in an on-line repository and displayed as on-line maps.
  • “ Community groups have access to many forms of data and information that are qualities of the community itself and are therefore not available from any source other than from the community. Traditional ecological knowledge, local spirituality, aesthetic and amenity values are relevant examples” said Thomas Meredith ( McGill University, Montreal, Canada), a researcher in “ democracy and participation in environmental decision-making”. In order to be of value to planners and authorities, as well as researchers, the natural history community groups in Taranaki devised a way to make available their information. It is digitised, stored in an on-line repository and displayed as on-line maps.
  • Digital repository of FoPP Links material from the kete – the pigeon is actually held in kete, not on the website. It displays easily. Load material once, use many times.
  • There are various ways to provide a wider research net – some shown here.
  • $120,000 for the entire project
  • FREE Small budgets limited incomes from highly contested funds. Large amount of energy goes into fund raising. Hard to plan ahead, important not to over commit to annual costs. Many competing priorities for funds OPEN SOURCE Highly Modular, specialist add ons, no wasted functionality Inter-operability standards Supportive mindset SOFTWARE No upgrade fees, frequent updates, nightly builds Easy download and install no unlock codes. Quicker response to bugs
  • It was once said, "one person fighting for their land is worth ten paid soldiers"
  • A Database Management System ( DBMS ) is a set of computer programs that controls the creation, maintenance, and the use of the database in a computer platform or of an organization and its end users . ArcSDE Spatial Database Engine (SDE) is one of ESRI ‘s products which enables spatial data to be stored, managed, and quickly retrieved from leading commercial database management systems like Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server, Sybase, IBM DB2, and Informix.

Transcript

  • 1. Public Participatory GIS Geo-Data Forum, NDF
  • 2. Update on the Community Partnership Fund Project
  • 3. Concept of T.E.R:R.A.I.N.
    • accessible
    • used by planners and authorities
    • digitise their resources
    • store information in an on-line repository
    • display spatial data
    Create a system for the community to: Community data should be:
  • 4. Concept of T.E.R:R.A.I.N. Community data Data and information; qualities of the community itself and not available from any other source. Mapping Queries, on-line data entry, links to other applications Digital repositories Spatial databases
  • 5. Pilot Pukekura Park Portal Project ( Friends of Pukekura Park New Plymouth Inc.)
    • Digital repository – the project funding developed features for the Kete open-source software, as used by Aotearoa People’s Network
    • Mapping service – collaboration with New Plymouth District Council using a public access map service, GISBoost TM
  • 6. Digital repository Community website
  • 7. Links from within community repository to wider sources using RSS feeds
  • 8. Extended fields link online resources Extended field of “plant species” links the kete to on-line maps
  • 9. Mapping of plants in the Park
  • 10. …… and back to kete…
  • 11. Data entry
    • Puke Ariki students and public may register to contribute to wildlife records for the Park
    Google Docs spreadsheet displayed on kete Information accumulated for use by authorised persons
  • 12. BUT…..
    • independent of government bodies
    • outside institutional firewalls
    • have a digital repository available to each group
    • provide on-line data entry/editing (private and public)
    To work for other community groups T.E.R:R.A.I.N. required to be:
  • 13. We succeeded!
    • seven groups
    • multiple maps
    • on-line data entry
    • links to Kete
  • 14. FOSS
    • Free Open Source Software
    $ Constraints Small unreliable income Competing needs Customisable Easily integrated User group support Currency Easy install Large pool of developers to fix bugs
  • 15. Quantum GIS Desktop GIS PostgreSQL/PostGIS Geo-database Data Capture GRASS Modeling , Analysis Decision support Sharing GPS Data Storage Web Mapping Geoserver/Openlayers
  • 16. Geo-databases
    • Spatially enabled database
    • PostgreSQL- PostGIS
    • Data Entry Forms
    • Web access
    • Secure and backed up
  • 17. Community Contribution
    • Local knowledge, enthusiasm and ownership.
    • Cost effective, timely, guaranteed feedback.
    • Expertise, educational, willingness to share data.
  • 18. Inter-operability
    • Proprietary – ESRI ArcGIS and SDE
    • An ArcSDE geodatabase stores datasets in a number of optional DBMSs including PostgreSQL
  • 19. Community Institutional Interface
    • Academics, authorities, not for profits. Expertise, resources and responsibilities.
    • Ability to tap into community databases, repositories and volunteers.
    • Access to specialist hardware, data, and expertise.
    • Collaborative-more effective outcomes.
  • 20. Issues to resolve
    • Data sharing and imagery
    • Provide a model for on-line data entry forms
    • Categorise the data-contributors’ level of expertise
    • User manuals and training for communities
    • Metadata standards and O pen A rchives I nitiative
    • Community expectations – speed and map quality
    • Promotion and use by authorities
  • 21.
    • T.E.R:R.A.I.N.
    • CPF 112