Biodiversity in the city and port of Rotterdam

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Presentation held on the Montreal Biodiversity Summit 2010 (Sommet biodiversite Montreal) 27 april 2010

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  • international year of biodiversity
    issues related to greening, wilderness, open spaces and parks in urban areas
    Thank Regional Environmental Council of Montreal for inviting me
  • Gebouw uit 1852
    Their work field is at urban areas to take stock of endangered species, work on scientific research and publications and offer advice to city governments and company’s. The office also coordinates more than 100 volunteers for performing systematic counts of animal species in Rotterdam
  • My mainpoints
    present green projects implemented successfully in various cities here and abroad
    aim is to share best practices in greening and mobilize actors
  • Second largest city Netherlands
    This city is very compact and has the largest port in Europe
  • Biodiversity in the city and port of Rotterdam is an important item. Therefore a lot of research is being done into protected species, and this is taken into account during city designing and planning
  • Another option: try to heave bacardi sponsoring new bathouses: free advertisment and for nature for a long time good…
  • It is also a vast industrial complex. A great
    deal of goods are processed into other products in Rotterdam. Oil is refined,
    synthetics are produced, containers are stripped and cargo packages assembled,
    fruit is packed in the quantities required by the wholesaler, et cetera.Many people
    work in the port itself or for companies which are involved with the port in one way
    or another. From tug boat crews to ICT specialists who write computer programs
    to ensure smooth traffic flows.
  • Luiquids: oil on the MOT and Kerosene for aircraft, for example, goes by pipeline to European airpor ts suchs as Amsterdam (the Netherlands), Brussels (Belgium) and Frankfur t (Germany).
    Fruit: The Merwehaven (Fruitpor t) is where ships carrying fruit, vegetables and fruit juices moor. The companies in this area are specialised in the storage and handling of food. They therefore have large cold stores. From here, kiwis from New Zealand, grapes from South Africa and apples from Chile find their way to the shops in a large par t of Western Europe.
  • the Port Authority, as manager of the port, contributes some 70 million of its profits annually to its shareholders, the municipality of Rotterdam and the Dutch government.
    Companies and individuals also pay substantial sums in tax to the government. The goods and services produced in the port and industrial complex have a total economic value in the region of € 11 billion per year.
  • There are several endangered species in the port, protected by European Legislation (Bird and Habitat Directive).
    For example, the Natterjack Toad Bufo calamita has his habitat at the port of Rotterdam. This species initially prevented the construction of a new port, Maasvlakte 2
  • There are several endangered species in the port, protected by European Legislation (Bird and Habitat Directive).
    For example, the Natterjack Toad Bufo calamita has his habitat at the port of Rotterdam. This species initially prevented the construction of a new port, Maasvlakte 2
  • There are several endangered species in the port, protected by European Legislation (Bird and Habitat Directive).
    For example, the Natterjack Toad Bufo calamita has his habitat at the port of Rotterdam. This species initially prevented the construction of a new port, Maasvlakte 2
  • By agreement between the Port Authority, ecologists from BSR and the Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, ultimately a new habitat is created for the species.
  • We decided to make 18 new artificial ponds at a place where they can stay for an undetermined time, and when new species will show up they will be moved as well to this habitat.
    Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality
  • We decided to make 18 new artificial ponds at a place where they can stay for an undetermined time, and when new species will show up they will be moved as well to this habitat.
  • With this, the stakeholders can continue with their work in the port, became more aware of the biodiversity in this port and it becomes part of their CSR.
  • With this, the stakeholders can continue with their work in the port, became more aware of the biodiversity in this port and it becomes part of their CSR.
  • Biodiversity in the city and port of Rotterdam

    1. 1. Biodiversity in the city and port of Rotterdam Montreal Biodiversity Summit 2010 Niels de Zwarte | 27 april 2010
    2. 2. bureau Stadsnatuur? Since 1997. Government  Natural History Museum urban ecology research center Onderzoek research Opslag data storage Overdracht sharing knowledge
    3. 3. Outline 1. Something about Rotterdam 2. Biodiversity in Rotterdam 3. Facts about the port 4. The project: Natterjack Toad 5. The problem 6. The process 7. The solution 8. Conclusions
    4. 4. 1. Something about Rotterdam
    5. 5. Location
    6. 6. 2. Biodiversity in Rotterdam >160 species 22 species 38 species ± 25 species 5 species 2 species 105 species 32 species 34 species >700 species 679 species
    7. 7. Nature in cities: Ferns
    8. 8. Nature in cities: Orchids
    9. 9. Nature in cities: Oystercatcher
    10. 10. Nature in cities: Foxes
    11. 11. All mammals of Rotterdam
    12. 12. Urban ecology • You can’t protect if you don’t know what is there • Investigate • Urban ecosystem biotic- a-biotic • Opportunities in projects Ronald van Dijk
    13. 13. Take care of biodiversity • Investigation • Mitigation • Compensation
    14. 14. Bats (Chirpotera) in the city
    15. 15. Political action • Nature policy • Green structures: connect and protect • Subsidize green roofs
    16. 16. 3. Facts about the port • Largest port in Europe “gateway to Northwest Europe” • 40 km (25 miles) long • 70,000 people at work
    17. 17. Some numbers • 10 million TEU (unit measurement) containers • 375 million tons of cargo • 36,000 seagoing and 135,000 inland vessels • 100 million tons of crude oil
    18. 18. Money • Goods and services economic value in the region of € 11 billion per year. • € 70 million of profits to - the municipality of Rotterdam - the Dutch government - its shareholders €11=15 C$/ €70=95 C$
    19. 19. 4. The project: Natterjack Toad • FR: Crapaud calamite Bufo calamita • Most populations in dune areas
    20. 20. Something about the toad • Not too big, 6 cm (2,4 inch) • Yellow stripe, red warts • Pioneer • Opportunistic • Highly dispersive
    21. 21. • Calls loud • Thousands of eggs in shallow water • Hibernates in sand Something about the toad 2
    22. 22. 5. The problem • Natterjack toad is highly protected by European legislation (Habitat Directive) • New port to be build: Maasvlakte 2 • Conflicts with new port • Big issue
    23. 23. Maasvlakte 2 January 2009 February 2009
    24. 24. Infra to Maasvlakte 2 • Overlaps habitat of the toad • Railways, roads, pipelines
    25. 25. 6. The process 2006 Discussion, literature, brainstorm New proposal, making a plan 2007 Discussion with authorities Agreements /negotiations Constructing ponds, translocation 2008 Monitoring
    26. 26. 7. The solution • New habitat with artificial ponds • 6 clusters with 3 ponds each • For undetermined time • License for translocation • Monitoring
    27. 27. Design Beebee&Denton, 1996
    28. 28. Construction
    29. 29. Costs new habitats • Construction: € 5,000x18= €90,000 • Monitoring: €4,000/ year • Maintenance: € 500 /year (?)
    30. 30. The year after
    31. 31. Monitoring • It worked! • Exciting results
    32. 32. Other projects • More habitats for other species • “Temporary nature” • Nature at bollards
    33. 33. 8. Conclusions • Even in highly urbanized cities and ports opportunities exist • Focus on the solution • Investigate nature values: risk management AND chances • Join nature in early stage of planning • Part of the CSR • Thus, nature and economy can go hand in hand
    34. 34. Awareness • Communication • Broad social basis • Enthusiasm
    35. 35. Thanks and Questions? Thanks to: • The team of bSR for all photo’s and feedback: Remko Andeweg, Mark Grutters, Garry Bakker, André de Baerdemaeker and Wouter Moerland • The Port of Rotterdam for all photo’s and facts Time for questions

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