Lifespan Chapter 1 Online Stud 1202019114528164 4
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Lifespan Chapter 1 Online Stud 1202019114528164 4

on

  • 4,167 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
4,167
Views on SlideShare
4,167
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
2
Downloads
84
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • notes

Lifespan Chapter 1 Online Stud 1202019114528164 4 Lifespan Chapter 1 Online Stud 1202019114528164 4 Presentation Transcript

  • Welcome to Psychology 41 Lifespan Development A pattern of change involving growth and deliine, from the womb to the tomb.
  • Psychology 41 Lifespan Development
    • Be on time!
    • Silence your cell phones and pagers.
    • Ask questions.
    • Have fun!
  • Lifespan Development Write three examples of each of the following:
    • Every person is like every other person.
    • Every person is like some other person.
    • Every person is like no other person.
  • Lifespan Development
    • Lifespan Dev’t is:
    • Lifelong
    • Multidimensional
    • Multidirectional
    • Plastic, multidisciplinary
    • Contextual
      • Biology, culture, and individual factors all work together.
      • [next]
  • Bronfenbrenner and the bioecological approach
      • Four major levels:
      • Microsystem
      • Mesosystem
      • Exosystem
      • Macrosystem and
      • Chronosystem
  • Children Exposed to Six Stressors: 14 3 7 73 12 16 21 24 32 45 49 Percentage Middle-income children Poor children Exposure to violence Crowding Family turmoil Child separation Excessive noise Poor housing quality Bioecological Approach
  • Developmentalists focus on different topics…
    • Physical Development
      • Including the brain, nervous system, muscles, and senses, and the need for food, drink, and sleep
        • Malnutrition, declining athletic performance
        • “How does malnutrition affect the growth of children?”
        • “How does an athlete’s physical performance decline during adulthood?”
  • Topical areas studied by developmentalists
    • 2. Cognitive Development
      • Growth and change in intellectual capabilities influence a person’s behavior
        • Learning, memory, problem solving skills, and intelligence across the lifespan
        • “How do you explain academic successes and failures?”
        • “Can people who experience a traumatic event as young children remember it when they become adults?”
  • Topical areas studied by developmentalists
    • 3a. Personality Development (part of socioemotional)
      • Enduring characteristics that differentiate one person from another; remain stable or change over the life span
        • “ Are there stable, enduring personality traits that persist throughout the lifespan?”
        • “ Does personality change?
  • Topical areas studied by developmentalists
    • 3b. Social Development (part of socioemotional)
    How does poverty, racism, and divorce affect development? How are one’s peers predictive of future successes and failures?
      • Interactions and social relationships; how they grow, change, and remain stable
  • Biological processes Socioemotional processes Cognitive processes Developmental Changes Are a Result of the Interaction of, Cognitive, and Socioemotional Processes
  • Biological processes Socioemotional processes Cognitive processes Developmental Changes Are a Result of the Interaction of, Cognitive, and Socioemotional Processes
  • The lifespan is usually divided into broad age ranges.
  •  
    • People mature at different rates and reach developmental milestones at different points
    A 13-year-old boy waits to leave on patrol in Nicaragua
  • Key Issues in Lifespan Development
    • Continuous vs. Discontinuous Change
    • Ethological Theory and Critical/Sensitive Periods
    • Nature vs. Nurture
    • Stability vs. Change
  • Theoretical Perspectives
    • Psychodynamic
    • Freud – Psychoanalytic Theory
    • Erikson – Psychosocial Development
  • Behavioral Perspective (Skinner) We can only accurately study what can be observed.
  • Social Learning Perspective (Bandura) Person Behavior Environment
  • Cognitive Perspectives Piaget
    • Information-Procesing
      • Behaviors can be broken down into steps
    • Vygotsky
      • Socio-cultural theory
  • Research Methods
    • Case study and interviews
    • Observation
    • Correlational research: tells whether the values of two variables are related .
    CORRELATION DOES NOT SHOW CAUSALITY!