The Implication for Teaching
“Application Affixes in a
Yulia Sari Riyanti
Dyah Chandra S.D.
Putri Tiara Ismawaty
Dwi Novita Sari
In word formation, morpheme is the
smallest meaningful unit in the grammar of
a language, bound morphemes are affixes.
There are some differences in apply infixes
between English and Indonesian grammar.
The differences become phenomena that
happens toward students in Indonesia who
get difficulties to apply English affixes when
written or spoken in English.
To make students easier and fun to apply
affixes in learn English.
To make teacher more creative to teach
about morphemes especially affixation.
To enrich students’ vocabularies.
To improve reading comprehension toward
Teacher can easily teach morphemes in
English to student with a fun way.
By the game, usually student more
understand about the material.
Process in learn about morphemes are
Affixation in Indonesia:
Prefixes (Awalan): Ber- ,
Per- ,Me- ,Di- Ter- ,Ke- ,Se-.
* Per- always need suffix in
E.g: –kan and –an.
Infix is affix in the middle of
E.g: -el, -em, and –er.
Examples: - --i; –an; - –kan
Combination of affix
involves prefix and suffix.
- Prefix and suffix me-kan,
- Prefix and suffix ber – an.
- Prefix and suffix pe – an
- Prefix and suffix per- an
- Prefix and suffix se –nya
Affixation in English:
Affixes are bound morphemes that is attached to a free
morpheme to form a new word.
Affix is divided into two:
Inflectional = change the grammatical meaning.
Derivational = change meaning or word classes.
All inflectional affixes are suffix.
From the book Word-Formation in English, published by
Cambridge University Press, “It is impossible to say how
many affixes English has, but it is clear that there are
There are 54 suffixes and 26 prefixes (Hay and Bayen,
According to Stockwell and Minkova(2001), there are 129
List of Prefixes and Suffixes
According to Kimpraswil in As’adi Muhammad (2009:
26), a game is a work to exercising self it is include of
thinking and acting, the advantage is motivated, and
increase the achievement in a work.
Based on Hans Daeng (Andang Ismail, 2009: 17) game
is a part in the child and a process to create a child’s
Based on Andang Ismail (2009: 26) game is activity to
get happiness without willing to won or lose. Beside that
games is activity to looking for joy and satisfied but with
willing to won or lose.
Teacher use a game called “Fish Tank”.
In the game, teacher will explain how to play and lead
the game, where students will get “fish” as the point if
the answer correct.
Duration of the game: 20-30 minutes
1. Teacher prepares English words which has affixes
and Indonesian translation.
2. Teacher divides the words into the free
morphemes and affixes, then write in piece of papers.
3. Fish stickers
5. Present to the winner
1. Teacher prepares all of the instruments of the game (sticker fish,
draw the fish tank on the board, stack of papers, dictionary),
2. Teacher divides students into groups,
3.Teacher explains that he/she has two stacks of pieces of papers. One
stack consists of free morphemes, and the other stack consists of
4. Teacher will mention Indonesian words and students have to
translate the words into English which consists of prefix and suffix
with dictionary as the aid.
5. The fastest with correct answer will get one fish as the point.
6. They will stick the fish inside the tank that had made by the
teacher if the answer correct.
7. The group who has a lot of fish sticker in the tank is the winner and
can change the fish sticker with present that the teacher provides.
8. Teacher distributes the papers to students.
9. Let’s play!!!
According to Kimraswil (2009), game can
increase students’ motivation and
achievement in a work.
Therefore, our group choose “Fish Tank”
game as the implication of teaching affixes
in English class, students can study easily to
differentiate between affixation in
Indonesia and English.
Callella, T. (n.d.). Prefixes and Surfixes. Retrieved June 16, 2012,
from Google Book:
R, M. (2011, August 9). Now I Know. Retrieved June 16, 2012, from
blogspot: http://ralfarlibrary.blogspot.com/2011/08/imbuhan- asli-
Lubben, A. & Callella, T. (2007). More Prefixes and Suffixes, Grades
4-6: Teaching Vocabulary to Improve Reading Comprehension.
USA: CREATIVE TEACHING PR INC . Retrivied from
Anonym. 2010. Metode Permainan dalam Pembelajaran
. http://belajarpsikologi.com/metode-permainan- dalam-
pembelajaran/. June 17, 2012.