Play therapy

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Play therapy

  1. 1. Play Therapy 1. Dina Islamah (2011120012) 2. Dyah Chandra Sukmawati Dewi (2011120033) 3. Riska Dewi (2011120043) 4. Silvi Dyah Damayanti (2011120034)
  2. 2. What is play therapy • Play therapy is a technique whereby the child's natural means of expression, namely play, is used as a therapeutic method to assist him/her in coping with emotional stress or trauma.
  3. 3. Founder • Anna Freud (1928, 1964, 1965), Margaret Lowenfeld (1935, 1970) and Melanie Klein (1961, 1987) – the use of play • Axline ( 1969) – Child center played • Play is the child’s natural medium for self expression • Moustakas (1953, 1966, 1973, 1981, 1992), Schaefer (1976, 1986, 1993) and Landreth (1991,2002)
  4. 4. Virginia Axline’s eight guiding principles: • The therapist is genuinely interested in the child and develops a warm, caring relationship. • The therapist experiences unqualified acceptance of the child and does not wish that the child were different some way. • The therapist creates a feeling of permissiveness. • The therapist is always sensitive to the child’s feelings.
  5. 5. • The therapist believes deeply in the child’s capacity to act responsibly, respects the child’s ability to solve personal problems, and allows the child to do so. • The therapist trusts the child’s inner direction and allows the child to direct his or her own play. • The therapist does not attempt to hurry the process. • The therapist establishes only those limits that help the child accept personal and appropriate relationship responsibility.
  6. 6. Applying Play therapy in school context The objective of play therapy in school setting is to help children derive benefits from the learning experiences offered in schools. • Child Centered Play Therapy with High Risk Students
  7. 7. Cont. • Child Centered Play Therapy with Aggressive Children • Child Centered Play Therapy with Shy, Withdrawn Children • Child Centered Group Play Therapy
  8. 8. The strengths • Build children’s creativity • Children learn how to express their feelings • It helps children to explore and practice social skills • It facilitates the development of problem- solving
  9. 9. The weaknesses • Playing with dolls so acting with dolls • Not all games can be implement in play therapy
  10. 10. Skenario • Saat ada anak yang tidak mau belajar dengan teori atau metode ceramah. Seperti belajar berhitung, lalu konselor mengajak anak tersebut bermain seperti mengumpulkan pensil lalu bermain berhitung dengan menghitung pensil tersebut dengan permainan. Sehinggga anak menjadi tertarik untuk belajar berhitung lewat permainan.
  11. 11. Thank you!

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