Nsc Gi Talk Nov 2007
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Nsc Gi Talk Nov 2007

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A lecture on green infrastructure planning and design given by Nate Cormier of SvR at Ball State University in November, 2007.

A lecture on green infrastructure planning and design given by Nate Cormier of SvR at Ball State University in November, 2007.

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Nsc Gi Talk Nov 2007 Nsc Gi Talk Nov 2007 Presentation Transcript

  • GROWING GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE: how to create high-performance landscapes and healthy cities Nate Cormier, ASLA, LEED AP Senior Landscape Architect SvR Design Company
  • GI layers and elements 1. WHAT IS GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE?
  • Introduction what is green infrastructure?
  • Introduction + nature provides valuable ecological services for urban environments
  • Introduction King County Greenprint Open Space Seattle 2100 green infrastructure is a tapestry of open space in and around a city
  • Minneapolis’s Grand Rounds Introduction Boston’s Emerald Necklace green infrastructure is not a new idea
  • Introduction Mercer Slough Wetlands, Bellevue, Washington Mt. Si, North Bend, Washington protected and connected natural habitats are its foundation
  • Introduction Jamison Square, Portland, Oregon Beaver Lake Park, Sammamish, Washington traditional parks, gardens, and trails link communities to this nature matrix
  • Introduction green infrastructure can also address urban challenges
  • Forms are patterns “the forms we conceive are really patterns, and patterns are the configuration of relationships between natural systems…” –David Miller
  • GI layers and elements 2. ELEMENTS OF GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE
  • layers High Point housing redevelopment, Seattle Looking at any community…
  • layers we can map its green infrastructure.
  • layers mobility water community habitat Peeling apart a series of green infrastructure systems like layers and looking at their constituent parts...
  • Table of Elements reveals a table of green infrastructure elements.
  • Table of Elements green infrastructure elements: habitat
  • Mercer Slough Wetland, Element: urban wild Bellevue, Washington
  • Olympic Sculpture Park Element: shoreline Shoreline Restoration, Seattle, Washington
  • Table of Elements green infrastructure elements: community
  • Element: community garden Oxbow Park, Seattle, Washington
  • Element: streetside garden 2716 39th Ave. SW, Seattle, Washington
  • Table of Elements green infrastructure elements: water
  • Rain garden
  • Glencoe Elementary School, Portland, Oregon
  • Glencoe Elementary School, Portland, Oregon
  • Oxbow Park, Seattle, Washington
  • Maple Valley Library, Maple Valley, Washington
  • Denny Park Apartments, Seattle, Washington
  • Denny Park Apartments, Seattle, Washington
  • Liberty Center Parking Garage, Portland, Oregon
  • New Seasons Market, Portland, Oregon
  • SW 12th Avenue, Portland, Oregon
  • SW 12th Avenue, Portland, Oregon
  • Element: Bioswale
  • New Seasons Market, Portland, Oregon
  • Oregon Museum of Science and Industry (OMSI), Portland, Oregon
  • East Esplanade Park, Portland, Oregon
  • High Point, Seattle, Washington
  • High Point, Seattle, Washington
  • High Point, Seattle, Washington
  • High Point, Seattle, Washington
  • 3 2 Cascading 1 Channel Rain Garden Kitsap Administration Building, Bremerton, Washington
  • Kitsap Administration Building, Bremerton, Washington
  • Thornton Creek Water Quality Channel, Seattle, Washington
  • “Swale on Yale,” Seattle, Washington
  • Meadowbrook Pond, Seattle, Washington
  • Meadowbrook Pond, Seattle, Washington
  • Meadowbrook Pond, Seattle, Washington
  • Waterworks Gardens, Renton, Washington
  • Waterworks Gardens, Renton, Washington
  • Waterworks Gardens, Renton, Washington
  • High Point, Seattle, Washington
  • Multnomah County Building, Portland. Oregon
  • Multnomah County Building, Portland. Oregon
  • Seattle Municipal Courthouse and City Hall, Seattle, Washington
  • Colman Center, Seattle, Washington
  • Colman Center, Seattle, Washington
  • Oxbow Park, Seattle, Washington
  • Element: cistern
  • Growing Vine Street, Seattle, Washington
  • Growing Vine Street, Seattle, Washington
  • Cascade Community Center, Seattle, Washington
  • Table of Elements green infrastructure elements: mobility
  • Chief Sealth Trail, Seattle, Washington
  • Element: complete street assorted complete streets
  • Yale Avenue Campus, Seattle, Washington
  • layers integrated systems form of a green infrastructure network
  • GI APPS 3. CREATING A GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE PLAN
  • 1) educate the public Mark Childs, Designing Compelling Public Places Mike Houck, Creating Livable Cities with Urban Green Space Robert Garcia, The City Project: New Open Spaces for Social Justice in Los Angeles Patrick Condon, Green Urban Infrastructure for the 21st Century OSS2100 included many public lectures, articles, and events LFP Legacy had a Green Infrastructure Festival
  • 1) educate the public from the Cascade Agenda by the Cascade Land Conservancy Olmsted Brothers plan OSS2100 linked the effort to Seattle’s history and current imperatives around growth, public health, and global warming
  • 2) choose your units what will be your planning unit?
  • 2) choose your units what is the scale?
  • 2) choose your units corridors can have units too
  • 3) discover the anatomy of the landscape OSS2100 Technical Panels: Development, Biodiversity, Waters of Puget Sound, Future Scenarios, Seattle Parks, Climate Change, Transportation Futures what are your existing green infrastructure elements? what is missing? what would make the system whole?
  • 4) develop a long-term vision OSS2100 Green Futures Charrette: 350 people x 3 days
  • 4) develop a long-term vision watershed by watershed, system by system
  • 4) develop a long-term vision Seattle’s Green Infrastructure Plan
  • 4) develop a long-term vision Lake Forest Park’s Green Infrastructure Plan
  • 4) develop a long-term vision Lake Forest Park’s Green Infrastructure Plan
  • 5) identify catalytic projects LFP Legacy projects to be integrated into comp plan and CIP
  • 5) identify catalytic projects online voting for priority projects
  • 5) identify catalytic projects online voting for priority projects
  • PROJECT LOCATION: A2. Town Center main hub @ intersection of main Creekways and Arterial Green Streets VISIBILITY: high CHALLENGE: high POSSIBLE PROJECT ELEMENTS: Habitat Water • create a wider riparian buffer and remove • use bioswales, green roofs, and other LID fish blockages at 522 and under Town features to manage parking lot run-off Center Mobility • daylight Lyon Creek through the parking lot • improve sidewalks and crosswalks to connect Community neighbors to Town Center • create high-density, mixed-use, transit- • create trail along Lyon Creekway (start of oriented development connection between BG and Interurban) • create a central civic space for community • park & ride facility
  • PROJECT LOCATION: A4. Tolt Pipeline Trail gateway on the northeast end of Bothell Way Arterial Green Street and the Lakeway VISIBILITY: low CHALLENGE: low POSSIBLE PROJECT ELEMENTS: Habitat Water • restore maintenance-appropriate native • use bioswales, rain gardens, and other LID habitat in pipeline right-of-way features to manage trail run-off Community Mobility • build multi-use trail for bikes and pedestrians
  • PROJECT LOCATION: B2. West Fork Confluence hublet at intersection of Lyon Creekway and Ballinger Way Arterial Green Street VISIBILITY: high CHALLENGE: medium POSSIBLE PROJECT ELEMENTS: Habitat Water • improve riparian and wetland habitat • use bioswales, rain gardens, and other LID around creek confluence features to manage run-off from Ballinger Way Community Mobility • incentive a market or coffee shop • build part of the trail on the mainstem Lyon destination along Ballinger Way Creekway • redevelop a segment of Ballinger Way as a complete street for bicycles, transit, and pedestrians
  • PROJECT LOCATION: C1. Orchard Park new park on 35th Ave. NE in the Lyon Creekway VISIBILITY: low CHALLENGE: low POSSIBLE PROJECT ELEMENTS: Habitat Water • improve Lyon Creek riparian habitat • use rain gardens, bioswales, and other LID features to manage run-off from park and Community street • acquire land for park Mobility • create orchard-themed passive open space • build portion of Lyon Creekway trail amenities • improve sidewalks and crosswalks near park
  • PROJECT LOCATION: D1. Greening Perkins Way McAleer Creekway trail on Perkins from Whisper Confluence to 178th intersection VISIBILITY: high CHALLENGE: medium POSSIBLE PROJECT ELEMENTS: Habitat Water • improve riparian and instream habitat along • use rain gardens, bioswales, and other LID McAleer Creekway features to manage run-off from trail and street Community Mobility • build benches and overlooks for watching and learning the creek • redevelop Perkins as one way with a separate trail (on creek side) for bikes and peds; • build trailhead onto Creekway trail
  • PROJECT LOCATION: D2. 178th Street Gateway gateway on 178th Street Arterial Green Street VISIBILITY: high CHALLENGE: low POSSIBLE PROJECT ELEMENTS: Habitat Water • improve wetland habitat in the Hillside Creek • use rain gardens, bioswales, and other LID headwaters features to manage run-off from street Community Mobility • build creative gateway elements on 178th • redevelop a segment of the 178th Street Street Arterial Green Street Arterial Green Street as a complete street for bicycles, transit, and pedestrians
  • PROJECT LOCATION: E1. Greening 158th Street pilot Residential Green Street between 33rd and 35th in the Sheridan Heights neighborhood VISIBILITY: medium CHALLENGE: medium POSSIBLE PROJECT ELEMENTS: Habitat Water • plant native plants for wildlife habitat in LID • use rain gardens, bioswales, and other LID features features to manage run-off from street Community Mobility • use grouped mailboxes to create mini- • meander street to slow traffic gathering places • create trail-like sidewalk
  • PROJECT LOCATION: E3. Greening Brookside School schoolyard hublet at the confluence of the Brookside and Hillside Creekways VISIBILITY: high CHALLENGE: low POSSIBLE PROJECT ELEMENTS: Habitat Water • improve riparian and wetland habitat at • use green roofs, rain gardens, and other LID confluence features to manage run-off from school Community Mobility • increase environmental and green building • improve safe school walking routes from education neighborhood and from 178th Street Arterial Green Street • build environmental art with kids to inspire stewardship • increase public health and physical activity education
  • PROJECT LOCATION: F4. McAleer Creek Delta @ intersection of the McAleer Creekway and the Lakeway VISIBILITY: medium CHALLENGE: high POSSIBLE PROJECT ELEMENTS: Habitat Water • restore and enhance Lake Washington • use bioswales, rain gardens, and other LID shoreline features to manage run-off from adjacent roads and residences • create more distributary channels in McAleer Creek Mobility Community • build trail spur between Bothell Way, Burke Gilman trail, and the shoreline • acquire lakeside parcels to increase public access to the shoreline • build park amenities such as picnic shelters and restrooms for shoreline visitors
  • 5) identify catalytic projects OSS2100 projects...provocative and inspirational
  • GI OPPS 4. TOWARDS AN AESTHETIC OF PERFORMANCE
  • towards an aesthetic of performance “form follows function.” –Louis Sullivan
  • towards an aesthetic of performance Stephen Epler Dormitory, Portland, Oregon
  • towards an aesthetic of performance
  • towards an aesthetic of performance New Seasons Market Portland, OR Portland Convention Center, Portland, OR
  • GI OPPS 5. ESTABLISHING THE NEW NORMAL
  • establishing the new normal Seattle’s Green Factor
  • establishing the new normal Portland’s Green Streets Program
  • contact: natec@SvRdesign.com join the movement: www.greeninfrastructurewiki.com