Muscles Neurons Learning


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Research has shown that physical fitness has a direct effect on mental capacity and efficiency. In return, this can lead to more learning and higher achievement for our students. Come see what the research says and how Jacobs Fork works to build student fitness and high achieving students.

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  • Introduce Ralph and Sheri Ralph Bumgarner – Health & Physical Education teacher, coach Sheri Ashley – Creative Movement & Dance Teacher Explain the “muscles => neurons => learning” title
  • Review EOG proficiency scores Composite score of 91.4% NC Honor School of Excellence (1 of 23 middle schools in state) Question: What can we do to continue our growth?
  • Selected research studies and articles
  • Selected research studies and articles
  • PL 108 – Requires a local wellness policy DHHS - Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans GSC-S-000 – Healthy Active Children Policy NASBE - Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans NASPE - National Guidelines for Physical Activity ACSM - General Exercise Guidelines from the ACSM CDC - Physical Activity Guidelines NIH - Guide to Physical Activity WHO - Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health : Physical Activity
  • Sports and activities currently involving Jacobs Fork students Boys – Football, Cross Country, Soccer, Basketball, Wrestling, Baseball, Golf Girls – Volleyball, Cross Country, Basketball, Softball, Golf, Soccer
  • Three classes specifically focused on physical fitness and activity of students
  • Photos of Physical Education class in gymnasium
  • Photos of Physical Education classes in our Fitness and Conditioning Room
  • Photos from our Creative Movement class
  • Staff opportunities for training in the fitness and conditioning room, but also for teachers to come participate with students on fitness Fridays or during fitness activities during the classes Fitness plans and activities teachers can do in class without disruption to their daily schedule – TV clips, exercise bands
  • Along with the overall academic improvements, other positive outcomes may also be attributed to the physical activity
  • Specific resources referenced
  • Nervousness of presenters
  • PF Assessment uses the President’s Fitness Award guidelines and tests. Pre and Post data are compared. Award levels are recognized. Circuits – Push-ups, Curl-ups, Bodybuilders, Jump Rope, Wall Touches, Line Jumps, butterfly kicks, Daily timed runs, push ups, sit ups Adding lacrosse next year. Evolving to more diverse activities than the traditional sports
  • Carol M PEP Grant – funded fitness equipment
  • Daily Warm Up Movements—In creative movement class, students are taught a basic warm up routine. We do this at the beginning of each class….stretching out each muscle group and preparing to dance. Movements executed from teacher led sequences—these are sequences that I choreograph and teach the students. I am usually incorporating particular dance elements that I want the students to master. They learn and perform these movements for performance test grades. Dance of other cultures—this year I am covering this objective using project work. Students are to type a paper, giving the audience an understanding of this particular dance. They then have to illustrate at least 2 counts of eight—showing movements of this cultural dance. They also have to illustrate this dance through a different type of media. Dance using themes—interdisciplinary units—Example—student choreography using vocabulary words. Students are covering abstraction in dance by creating a sequence using at least 5 vocabulary words from one of their core classes. Example—from language arts (read self reflection) Mrs. McConnell’s genre project—she does a multigenre project on a person, topic or theme that the students choose. Dance connected with other art forms—Stories to music—with Drama teacher. After school rehearsals—
  • Student choreography with given criteria—students are given criteria as well as a rubric with dance elements and concepts that need to be executed in a sequence. Here are examples of our most recent student movement studies. Students were paired by genders and had to incorporate weight shift in the movements as well as space usage and unison work. All group members must master the counts with the music—which was a contemporary drum piece. Dylan Curtis – football, heavyweight wrestler, baseball pitcher Nick Hudson – football running back Nolan Whitener – basketball, baseball pitcher/outfielder KC – soccer player
  • FITNESS FRIDAYS— Our principal is very supportive of physical activity in our school. We talked at the end of the year last year and decided I would add a fitness piece to my class. I decided to incorporate fitness each Friday. Here are some of the activities we do—I have just started going into the gym with the PE classes as well as the strength and conditioning classes.
  • Muscles Neurons Learning

    1. 1. Muscles => Neurons => Learning NC Middle School Association Conference March 14, 2011 Ralph Bumgarner & Sheri Ashley Jacobs Fork Middle School
    2. 2. Rationale <ul><li>High Student Achievement on NC End of Grade testing (2010 results) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading – 86.8% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Math – 94.7% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jacobs Fork is working to continue the push for higher achievement by using physical activity to improve mental efficiency and processing, thus improving student achievement </li></ul>
    3. 3. Research <ul><li>Harutyunyan(2009) found that physically fit students tend to outscore their peers who are less fit on academic tests </li></ul><ul><li>Coe(2010) found the link between activity and academic performance was most significant when kids met Healthy People 2010 (HP2010) guidelines for vigorous activity 20 minutes a day, at least 3 days a week. Since academic performance was favorably influenced by this level of activity, the researchers suggest incorporating vigorous activity in PE classes </li></ul><ul><li>Copley, J. (2010) noted that exercise produces significant cognitive benefits which can translate into improved performance on standardized tests </li></ul>
    4. 4. Research <ul><li>Castelli, D., Hillman, C., Buck, S., & Erwin, H. (2007) found aerobic capacity was positively associated with achievement and greater aerobic fitness has been associated with changes in neurocognitive function </li></ul><ul><li>Tomporowski, P., Davis, C., Miller, P., & Naglieri, J. (2008), in a review of literature, showed studies that employed vigorous aerobic-based exercise interventions reported gains in specific cognitive functioning </li></ul>
    5. 5. Legislation & Recommendations <ul><li>Federal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PL 108.265 Section 204 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Health and Human Services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NC State Board Policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GSC-S-000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Professional Organizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Association of School Boards of Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Association of Sport and Physical Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American College of Sports Medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Medical Organizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Centers for Disease Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Institutes of Health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World Health Organization </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Jacobs Fork Middle School <ul><li>Athletics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>7 boys sports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 girls sports </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Additional Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Girls on the Run </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yoga </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic Academy Fitness Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After School Dance Rehearsals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fitness Fridays </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outside School </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gymnastics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swim Teams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel Athletics (volleyball, basketball, baseball, softball, soccer) </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Jacobs Fork Middle School <ul><li>Physical Education </li></ul><ul><li>Fitness & Conditioning </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Fitness Fridays </li></ul>
    8. 8. Physical Education
    9. 9. Fitness & Conditioning
    10. 10. Creative Movement
    11. 11. Goals for Program <ul><li>Implement more physical fitness activities into our classes </li></ul><ul><li>Begin offering staff opportunities for participation in fitness activities </li></ul><ul><li>Develop and implement fitness activities appropriate for the core classrooms to help students stay focused and alert </li></ul>
    12. 12. Thought <ul><li>“ Physical education and activity during the school day may reduce boredom and help keep kids attention in the classroom.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Dawn Puolka Coe, PhD </li></ul>
    13. 13. References <ul><li>Castelli, D., Hillman, C., Buck, S., & Erwin, H. (2007). Physical fitness and academic achievement in third- and fifth-grade students. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology , 29 (2), Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Coe, D. (2010). Academic achievement higher among most active kids: vigorous physical activity linked to better grades. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise , Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Copley, J. (2010). Exercise improves academic performance. , Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Harutyunyan, R. (2009). Physical fitness associated with higher academic achievement. Emaxhealth , Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Tomporowski, P., Davis, C., Miller, P., & Naglieri, J. (2008). Exercise and children's intelligence, cognition, and academic achievement. Educational Psychology Review , 20 (2), Retrieved from </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>
    15. 15. Physical Education <ul><li>Fitness Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre/Post Fitness Assessments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fitness Circuits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stretching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timed Runs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Push Ups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sit Ups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sport Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Volleyball </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basketball </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Floor Hockey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soccer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Team Handball </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tennis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whiffle Ball </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ultimate Frisbee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assorted Others </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Fitness & Conditioning <ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise Bikes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treadmill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elliptical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Weight Rack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Machine Rack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dumbbells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight Balls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resistance Tubes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance Boards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jump Ropes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cardio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weightlifting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hill Run </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sprint Work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise Ball Workouts (YouTube) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P90X Workouts </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Creative Movement Activities <ul><ul><li>Daily warm up movements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Movements executed from teacher led sequences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dance of other cultures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dance using themes—interdisciplinary units (language arts, math, science, social studies) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dance connected with other art forms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After school rehearsals—Spring performance </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Student choreography with given criteria (individual, partner, group) Student Choreography Video
    19. 19. Fitness Fridays <ul><ul><li>Interval training—incorporating cardio and strength training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of body balls—strength training and sculpting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5, 8, 10 pound weights—sculpting, high reps-- low weight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P90X </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Circuit training with PE classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cardio dance—teacher choreographed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zumba </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outside runs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abdominal and back workouts using mats </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fitness Video </li></ul>