Engaging Reluctant and Struggling Students in Middle School

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M. Mortimer
Engaging Reluctant and Struggling Students in Middle School

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  • GRAPHIC = discussion table (?) OR maze?
  • Work on language of #3 and 4. Repeated for use as summary at end of course section.
  • Engaging Reluctant and Struggling Students in Middle School

    1. 1. Questioning Exploring Writing in the Middle School
    2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>‘ Welcome! </li></ul><ul><li>Middle school is when students become engaged readers or slip behind. Shared Inquiry empowers all students to become better readers and thinkers -- starting with their questions and ideas and using collaboration to build defendable interpretations of what they've read. </li></ul><ul><li>Participate in a Great Books Shared Inquiry discussion about “Wolf” and find out how. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Program Overview Great Books Roundtable preserves the features that have made Great Books programs unique and exciting for more than forty years—a focus on the Shared Inquiry™ method of learning supported by high-quality literature.
    4. 4. Sample Unit – “Wolf” <ul><li>We are going to use “Wolf”, with the video that depicts a middle school classroom working on pre-discussion activities, discussing the selection, and completing post-discussion activities including writing. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Engaging Reluctant and Struggling Readers in the Middle Grades <ul><li>PREREADING QUESTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Please tell us who you are and what concerns do you have for struggling /reluctant readers? </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________ </li></ul>
    6. 6. Engaging Reluctant and Struggling Readers in the Middle Grades <ul><li>Students who struggle or get bored who: </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t understand the words </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t want to speak up in class </li></ul><ul><li>Are afraid they have the wrong answer </li></ul><ul><li>Are embarrassed to read aloud </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>(what other painful example can you give) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Real Comments from Students <ul><li>Can we do this again tomorrow (a boy) </li></ul><ul><li>Some times I don’t agree with the class, sometimes I don’t even agree with myself </li></ul><ul><li>I didn’t like the story at first, but now I see it differently….more differently than everyone else </li></ul>
    8. 8. Skills <ul><li>Roundtable provides a superb framework for teaching the skills of </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul>
    9. 9. The Teacher’s Role <ul><li>As a Shared Inquiry leader, you do not impart information or present your own opinions , but guide participants in reaching their own interpretations. </li></ul><ul><li>You do this by asking thought-provoking questions and by being an active listener. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Questioning <ul><li>TEACHERS -The key to a great discussion is learning how to ask questions. </li></ul><ul><li>STUDENTS – It is more important to question answers than to answer questions. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Why Interpretive Questions? <ul><li>Allows for different opinions to be accepted or rejected without judgments </li></ul><ul><li>Builds critical thinking skills by leading students to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>develop ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>offer evidence from the text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>respond to the opinions of others </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allows for a student centered discussion sharing ideas from quality literature addressing ideas and issues effecting middle schoolers </li></ul>
    12. 12. Great Books Shared Inquiry An active and collaborative search for answers to questions of meaning presented by a text
    13. 13. Sequence of Questions <ul><li>OPENING QUESTION (1 question) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduces and explores ideas, topics, and themes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FOCUS QUESTION (1 question) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examines a central point of the text </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CLUSTER QUESTIONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishes relevance revolving around the focus question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interprets a passage, explore a quotations, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FOLLOW UP QUESTIONS ( asked of students to probe and clarify) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Are you saying that...” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Where in the text did you find support for that?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ What do you mean by...” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Tell us more about...” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Do you agree with Sally when she says……” </li></ul>
    14. 14. Materials <ul><li>Roundtable leader Materials include: </li></ul><ul><li>Leader's Edition </li></ul><ul><li>Audio CDs </li></ul><ul><li>CD-ROM </li></ul><ul><li>Activity Instruction Cards </li></ul><ul><li>Roundtable Road Map </li></ul><ul><li>Posters and Bookmarks </li></ul><ul><li>(The materials also include a student anthology) </li></ul>
    15. 15. Leader’s Steps in Preparing a Selection <ul><li>Read twice and take notes </li></ul><ul><li>Turn notes & reactions into questions </li></ul><ul><li>Test for answers and evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Revise your questions, if needed </li></ul><ul><li>Select questions for SI Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Plan ways to differentiate for your class </li></ul><ul><li>Always use a seating chart </li></ul>
    16. 16. Teacher’s Preparation <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>STUDY THE STORY </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FORMULATE QUESTONS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>REVIEW RULES </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>USE A SEATING CHART </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Focus Question: ______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: _____________________________ </li></ul>What do you mean by______? Have you heard an idea you disagree with? What do you think of ___’s_idea? Where do you find that in the text? AGREE QUESTIONS DISAGREE NEW IDEAS
    17. 17. Discussion of Wolf <ul><li>Discussion of “Wolf” with Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion of “Wolf” from Students from Disk </li></ul>
    18. 18. Writing <ul><li>Writing is thinking on paper. Knowing what you think and how to back it up is the first step – the next is the paperwork. </li></ul><ul><li>SI Discussion prepares students to explore ideas and conclude an evidenced point of view </li></ul><ul><li>Writing assignments can be differentiated or scored according to abilities (rubrics included on disk & TE) </li></ul><ul><li>Roundtable included a full featured writing component on CD ROM with tools to differentiate and use across curriculums. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Roundtable Features <ul><li>High-quality literature </li></ul><ul><li>In-depth reading, critical thinking, and writing activities </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching and learning in stages </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiated instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Common Core and 21 Century Alignments </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment options </li></ul><ul><li>Standards-and research-based learning </li></ul><ul><li>Renowned professional development </li></ul>
    20. 20. DIFFERENCIATION <ul><li>What do all students like to do? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TALK IN CLASS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What keeps students from feeling uncomfortable? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No wrong answers in SI discussions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students talk openly and teaches only ask questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rules that allow all to participate equally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rules of civility that require acceptance of the opinions of others with the right to respectfully disagree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pace that allows for thinking </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. What About my Struggling Readers? <ul><li>Reading becomes less lonely and difficult , and more exciting, as they experience the joy of shared discovery. </li></ul><ul><li>SI discussions work best with a mix class of abilities and opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Quite (and second language students) become valued for their different and often thoughtful opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Gifted students learn to see there can be more than their one right answer </li></ul><ul><li>All students see that the teacher’s answer is not the question </li></ul><ul><li>Gives struggling students tools and shows the importance of multiple readings, as well as reading aloud </li></ul><ul><li>Students learn to collaborate to solve problems of meaning and develop their understanding of a text </li></ul>
    22. 22. Shared Solutions <ul><li>What do you see as ideas to share with the group as they struggle with struggling students </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Double circles, pairing students, ball toss, vocab physical exercises, theater time, tokens to limit # of answers, saving seating charts, etc. </li></ul>
    23. 23. Roundtable Benefits <ul><li>For Teachers . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Paradigm shift in the way you teach </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of 21st century skills into curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of the reading and writing processes </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting of New Core and other state standards </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of students in order to meet AYP </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility to differentiate </li></ul>
    24. 24. Benefits <ul><li>For Students . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of reading comprehension, critical thinking, speaking and writing skills </li></ul><ul><li>Growth as independent learners and thinkers </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in a collaborative classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Development of cognitive, emotional and social intelligences </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to learn and practice 21st century skills </li></ul>
    25. 25. For More Information <ul><li>For more information contact </li></ul><ul><li>Marg Mortimer </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>800-222-5870 x7123 or visit our web site at </li></ul><ul><li>www.greatbooks.org/roundtable </li></ul>

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