Challenges with multi-national crews in the fishing fleet NSHC 2012 Trine Thorvaldsen PhD research fellow SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture
Topics for this presentation• Background• Aim• Method• Extent and recruitment• Formal rules and regulations• Training and qualification requirements• Language, communication and safety• Working environment SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 2
Background• Foreign labour is important for the Norwegian society• The number of foreign workers is reported to be increasing in the fishing fleet• Does it affect safety, communication and working environment? If so, how? "Many foreign workers want to work in fisheries" SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 3
Aim of the project "Safe communication"• Map the extent of foreign workers in the Norwegian fishing fleet• Study potential consequences for communication, safety and working enviroment in multi-national (multi-lingual) crews The project is funded through The Norwegian Seafood Research fund and is conducted by SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture and The Norwegian College of Fisheries Science. (http://www.fiskerifond.no/index.php?current_page=prosjekter&subpage=&detail=1&id=12 70&gid=1) SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 4
Method• Interviews with actors in the fishing industry: Fishermen, skippers, shipowners, regulatory authorities, interest groups SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 5
Extent and recruitment• Mainly through networks. This resembles traditional recruitment strategies• People contact shipowners directly• The seagoing fleet employ the highest share of foreign workers• Hard to give exact number of foreign workers, no demand for registration SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 6
Rules and regulations• Municipality of residence§ 3 Lov om forbud mot at utlendinger driver fiske m.v. i Norges territorialfarvann [fiskeriforbudsloven].Skipper and 50% of crew must live in Norway• Language Requirements§11 (1) Seafarers should be able to communicate with each other on the ships working language decided by the company about basic security issues and understand safety information, text, symbols and alarms. From Regulations concerning the qualifications and certificates of seafarers New regulations from January 2012 http://www.sjofartsdir.no/regelverk/rundskriv/kvalifikasjoner-og-sertifikater-for-sjofolk/ SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 7
Training and qualification requirements• Mandatory safety training• Language skills• On-the-job training SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 8
Language, communication and safety• Findings from other industries• Not perceived as a problem in daily operations• Hybrid Language• Organization of work• Daily operations versus critical situations SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 9
Working environment SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 10
Thank you for your attention (again)!e-mail: Trine.M.Thorvaldsen@sintef.no Phone: +4792422971 http://www.sintef.no/fisk SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 11
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