Dangerous cargos on OSV vessels Does the crew have enough knowledge to handle these cargoes in a safe manner?”Norwegian Sea Health Conference” 18th and 19th of april 2012Haldor Sæther
Offshore – How is the logisticchain?
What kind of cargoes do theOSV vessels carry? Dangerous and polluting goods in packaged form Containers Transportable tank unites Other forms of package
Dangerous and polluting cargoes inbulk, liquid and dry cargo
Dangerous/hazardous waste from the offshore installation Oily waste Waste contaminated with dangerous chemicals Radioactive waste Drilling waste Other types of waste Waste which is in bulk or in package form
Slop and waste which the crew on board in many cases do not get enough SLOP/SLUDGE information about ????? Dangerous or not dangerous???? Flammable or not flammable???? Presence of Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S)????
Other kinds of cargoes Drilling equipment Spare parts Pipes and construction parts Provision and storage Fresh water Etc…….
The regulation All transport of dangerous and pollutant cargoes is regulated trough international and national legislation The responsible persons on board must therefore have good knowledge about the requirements set by this provisions and be able to cope with them This is also stated in the ISM code
But why does there often occuresmisunderstandings around the legeslatinon board on offshore support vessels IMO regulations handled by the flag state authority Norwegian Maritime Directorate Petroleum Safety Authority (Ptil) (on Norwegian sector) Have their own legislations which not always are in accordance with the IMO rules
The Norwegian Labour Inspection Authority (Atil) (Norwegian) Conducts more to the land based activities and are not always in alignment with the IMO regulations The Climate and Pollution Agency (Klif) (Norwegian) Have also their own regulations which in some case can be a challenge to cope with when it is set up against the IMO rules
The challenge occurs in the logistic chainwhere all this regulations comes in force IMO/NMD rules Ptil rules Klif rules Atil rules
What kind of special vessels are transporting this cargoes?
Noxious liquid substances in bulk Spescial constructed chemical tankers
Oil products in bulk Special constructed oil product tankers Bunkering vessels
Dangerous dry cargo in bulk Special constructed dry bulk vessels
Hazardous waste Special ships for carrying hazardous waste?
Other kinds of cargoes Ordinary cargo- and pallet vessels
To day many kinds of this cargo typesare shipped on offshore support vessels
Qualification requirements For personals serving on this special vessels carrying dangerous and polluting cargoes the STCW code STCW code chapter V Obligations and guidelines requires special training and regarding training and certification on special competence vessels The ISM code requires that the crewmembers on board on all SOLAS vessels shall be fully competent to perform the ISM code # 6 Resources and Personnel jobs they are set to do
Where special training and coursesis required, own certificates normallyare issued Tankerman, oil Tankerman, chemical This requires together a 9 days course, approximately a duration of 100 hrs (0800 – 2000) IMDG code competence certificate Normally a two days course (included in the general STCW requirements)
Special training on offshore supportvessels To day there are no regulated requirements on special training or courses regarding dangerous and polluting cargoes for personnel on offshore support vessels In spite of that this vessels are carrying a wide spectres of this types of cargoes
IMO resoulution A.673 (16)”Guidelines for the Transport and Handling of Limited Amounts of Hazardous and Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk on Offshore Support Vessels” The guidelines got in force in 1989 Three minor changes in 2004/2006 IMO sub committee BLG, has commenced the work to issued a new code value for OSV vessels A self standing OSV Chemical Code based on BLG 16/INF.6 as the part of the T.O.R for the work Requirements for formal training for handling of noxious liquid substances in bulk is a part of the agenda
The new OSV chemical code must necessarily beseen in connection with other IMO codes OSV code (Code of Safe Practice for the Carriage of Cargoes and Persons by Offshore Supply Vessels) Guidelines for the design and construction of OSV IBC code (International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk)
The “jungle” of regulations and safety precautions to follow!I have aproblem!
The challenge is how todeal with all this and to know what is what!
The ship owners in the offshore industry hasrealised the necessity of training their ship crewso they in a better way can take care of the: The safety on board The environment The ship and it’s equipment The customers interests And to make them more able to cope with the rules and the regulations
Background for the course Aalesund Maritime University College started developing the course in the winter of 2010 after being challenged by Bourbon Offshore Norway The background was that it did not exist any courses that were considered as fully relevant for the treatment and carriage of dangerous and polluting cargoes on board offshore supply vessels
The purpose of the course Better knowledge in the handling and carrying of dangerous and polluting cargoes in a safe way Better knowledge about and how to deal with and understand the legislation and guidelines regarding to transport of dangerous cargoes
Better knowledge about the risks connecting to dangerous and polluting cargoes A tool to secure the vessel’s, the companys and the charterer’s interests related to the safe handling of the cargoes And to get ..…
.... better understanding of what is what Dangerous goods Other guidelines and regulations Dangerous dry bulk SOLAS VII Part A NWEA SOLAS VII Part A-1 Marpol Annex III IMSBC code Classification societies Document of Compliance IMDG code From OLF/NR Document of Compliance, From operators Special requirements for Safety Management system General ships carrying dangerous goods + annex SOLAS Marpol Annex I, IV, V and VI Safety Data Sheets STCW/ISM codeNoxious liquid substances in Oil record book part 1 bulk Bunker analysis Ballast convention SOLAS VII Part B Ballast record book Marpol Annex II Garbage Record Book A673/IBC code Safety Management Certificate / DOC Certificate of Fitness / INLS certificate + annex Oil products in bulk Hazardous waste P&A Manual Marpol Annex I Cargo Record Book IOPP certificate + annex National and international legislation SMPEP Oil record book part 2 Declaration sheet SOPEP/SMPEP
The duration of thecourse 20 hours over 3 days Theoretically lectures, 16 hrs Practical demonstration, 2 hrs Summing up and evaluation, 1 hour Written test, 1 hour
The content of the course
Legislations and guidelines IMO’s international conventions and codes SOLAS MARPOL STCW IBC code IMDG code IMSBC code ISM code National legislations
IMO guidelines The industries guidelines and recommendations, NWEA The ship’s certificate requirements related to dangerous and polluting cargoes
The offshore support vessel’s generalconstruction, equipment and systems forcargo handling Cargo deck and arrangement Cargo tank arrangement and construction Pump and piping arrangements Manifold connection arrangements and hoses Cargo measurment arrangement
Cargo transportand handling Cargo types to be carried Planning of loading and discharging Loading and discharging control Cargo measurement and calculation
Procedures for loading and discharging Relevant cargo documents Tank cleaning Inerting and padding Cargo and slop contamination
Correct communicationagainst the onshoreand the offshoreinstallations Agreed loading and discharging plans including correct starting up and stopping procedures Emergency stop Agreed loading and discharging plan
RisksSafety and pollution prevention Danger to the human health of reactivity of fire and explosion to the marine environment
Understanding offand how to use aSafety Data Sheets
Control of the cargo tank’s and theenclosed spaces’ atmosphere by use ofgas detection equipment
Contingency against oil andchemical spills Correct use of IMDG → EmS – Spill schedules Understanding of SMPEP and SOPEP
Fire preventing Fire fighting and fire extinguish equipment Correct use of IMDG → EmS – Fire schedules
Personnel safety and protection equipment The understanding of contingency plans
First aid if anyone has been exposed by noxious substances Correct use of IMDG → MFAG
The course so far Since the beginning it has been kept 16 courses at the Aalesund University Collage Almost 200 persons both seamen and relevant office personnel, has until now taken the course: Bourbon Offshore, Havila, Farstad, Solstad, DOF, Simon Møksters, Olympic and Østensjø Dolphin Drilling Statoil, ConocoPhillips and BP Norwegian Maritime Directorate
Feedbacks from the participants so far A relevant and useful course Adapted to the offshore support vessels reality Better knowledge about current regulations and guidelines A lot of ”new” information to be absorbed in short time Nice arena to share experience and to discuss problems and challenges with colleges