The sea in my country


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The sea in my country

  1. 1. My Country Greece…… surrounded by sea of many different shades of blue
  2. 2. • Continent Europe• Region Southeastern Europe (Balkan Peninsula)• Coordinates 39 N 22 E• Area Ranked 96th 131,940 km2 (50,940 sq mi) 99.1% land 0.9% water• Borders Total land borders:1,228 km (763 miles) Albania:282 km (175 mi) Bulgaria:494 km (307 mi) Turkey:206 km (128 mi) Rep. Macedonia:228 km (142 mi)• Highest point Mount Olympus: 2,919 m• Lowest point Mediterranean Sea: 0 m• Longest river Haliacmon: 322 km (200 mi)• Largest lakeTrichonida: 98.6 km2 (38.1 sq mi)
  3. 3. • Greece is a country located in Southern Europe, on the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula. Greece is surrounded on the north by Bulgaria, the Republic of Macedonia and Albania; to the west by the Ionian Sea; to the south by the Mediterranean Sea and to the east by the Aegean Sea and Turkey. The country ranges approximately in latitude from 35 00′N to 42 00′N and in longitude from 19 00′E to 28 30′E. As a result, it has considerable climatic variation, as discussed below. The country consists of a large mainland; the Peloponnese, a peninsula connected to the southern tip of the mainland by the Isthmus of Corinth; and a large number of islands, including Crete, Rhodes, Corfu, the Dodecanese and the Cyclades. According to the CIA World Factbook, Greece has 13,676 kilometres (8,498 mi) of coastline 1
  4. 4. • 80% of Greece is mountainous, and the country is one of the most mountainous countries of Europe. The Pindus, a chain of mountains lies across the center of the country in a northwest-to-southeast direction, with a maximum elevation of 2637 m. Extensions of the same mountain range stretch across the Peloponnese and underwater across the Aegean, forming many of the Aegean Islands including Crete, and joining with the Taurus Mountains of southern Turkey.• Mount Olympus is the highest point of Greece and the fourth highest in relative topographical prominence in Europe, rising to 2,919 m above sea level. The Rhodope Mountains form the border between Greece and Bulgaria; that area is covered with vast and thick forests.• Plains also are found in eastern Thessaly, in central Macedonia and in Thrace. Western Greece contains lakes and wetlands.
  5. 5. The sea in my country
  6. 6. • Greece is located in Southern Europe, bordering the Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey. It is in a strategic location dominating the Aegean Sea and the southern entrance to the Turkish Straits. It is a peninsular country, possessing an archipelago of about 3,000 islands.• Greeces coastline measures 15 021 km.
  7. 7. Islands• Greece has a very large number of islands and islets, most of them in the Aegean Sea. No exact figures exist for their total number. Depending on the minimum size to take into account, estimates vary between approximately 1,200 and 6,000. A figure frequently cited in travel guides is 1,425 islands, of which 166 are said to be inhabited. The Greek Tourism Organization speaks of 6,000, with 227 of them inhabited. Only 78 of them have more than 100 inhabitants.
  8. 8. • The largest Greek island by area is Crete, located at the southern edge of the Aegean Sea. The second largest island is Eubea, which is separated from the mainland by the 60m-wide Euripus Strait, and is administered as part of the Central Greece region. After the third and fourth largest Greek Islands, Lesbos and Rhodes, the rest of the islands are two-thirds of the area of Rhodes, or smaller.• The Greek islands are traditionally grouped into the following clusters: The Argo-Saronic Islands in the Saronic gulf near Athens, the Cyclades, a large but dense collection occupying the central part of the Aegean Sea, the North Aegean islands, a loose grouping off the west coast of Turkey, the Dodecanese, another loose collection in the southeast between Crete and Turkey, the Sporades, a small tight group off the coast of Euboea, and the Ionian Islands, located to the west of the mainland in the Ionian Sea (one of these islands, Kythira, is off the southern tip of the Peloponnese Peninsula and part of the Attica region, but still considered part of the Ionian Islands, mainly because of historical reasons). There are also many islands, islets and rocks that surround the coast of Crete.
  9. 9. Some nice photos of our islands
  10. 10. Ionian Islands• The Ionian Islands are a group of seven islands. The six northern island are off the west coast of Greece, in the Ionian Sea. The last island, Kythira, is off the southern tip of the Peloponnesus, the southern part of the Greek mainland.
  11. 11. Aegean Islands• Dodecanese, Sporades, Saronic Islands, and Cyclades: The islands of the Aegean Sea, situated between mainland Greece to the west and north and Anatolia to the east; the island of Crete delimits the sea to the south.