Bucharest eTwinning team Dobrudja and Bărăgan folk costumes
Dobrudja is the territory where valuable multiethnicaldialogues and subtle cultural synteses have takenplace. The Gaeto-Thracians, its ancientinhabitants, had intense trade relations with the Greekfortresses on the Black Sea shore, and thus the territoryof Dobrudja was included in the Roman province ofLower Moesia and remained in the centre of theEastern Roman territory both after the Slavs settleddown in the Balkan Peninsula and after ist dominationby the Ottoman Power. Mentio is made in theFobrudjan documnts of the 17th and 18th centuries ofso called Cojanis (who had come fromIalomița, Buzău, Brăila), Moldavians (from southernMoldavia) and the sheperds (from Brașov, Sibiu andFăgăraș).
The decoration and colour scheme of the basic piecesof Dbrudjan costume reflect these historicalstages, conferring them a unique artistic expression. Itsspecific character is obvious in the women’s costumewhich has two ”catrințe” like in the Danubian areas ofthe Wallachian Plain (Bărăgan, Ialomița, Călărași). Whilethe ”cămașa dreaptă”with platcă tailored of plain orstripped cotton can also be found in the neighbouringareas of the Wallachian Plain, the ”catrințe” locallycalled ”pestelci ” stand out through the different way oofcomposing and displaying the decoration. Unlike in anyethnographic area, the predominantly geometricalmotifs are displayed in vertical patterns on the sides ofthe garment, forming ”ghenare/vărgi”. They are like theframe around a central field decorated differently fromone ethnographic area to another.
Placed at the interference between the folk weartypical of the Wallachian Plain and the Danubianornamental particularities, the fplk costume of Bărăganvillages has several features of its own. The women’scostume preserve the blouse gathered up at theneck, with ”altiță” and ”râuri” at the sleeves, and the”ota ”or ”pestelca” cu ”chenar” (”catrințe”) decoratedwith a composition typical of the lower Danube area.The men’s costume distinguishes itself by the long shirtwhich reaches the ankles, with rich embroideres on thechest front, the sleeves and the loose lower part of thegarment, worn with large red belt. The ”izmene” (longlinen trousers) have the same embroidery on the cuffs,