Innovation for Development-IEEE Webinar


Published on

This presentation highlights the potential of innovation for development (Africa, India).

1 Comment
1 Like
  • Great presentation. I am especially interested to know if the cellphone - microscope connection device is already available. We have connections with pathologist who could assist us with the interpretation, but we can not yet make photos of slides.
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Innovation for Development-IEEE Webinar

  1. 1. Innovation for Development Nicolas Chevrollier
  2. 2. TNO • Knowledge for business • Independent of public and private interests • In depth knowledge on markets and TNO Quality TNO Defence, TNO Science technology of Life Security and and Industry TNO Built Environment TNO Informa- tion and Safety • 350Meuro turnover, 4300 and Geosciences Communicati on employees Technology • 5 core areas • TNO Quality of Life: Work and Employment, Chemistry, Prevention and Healthcare, Innovation Policy, Pharma, Food and Nutrition • TNO Defence, Security and Safety: Defence Industry, Aviation, Security and Safety, Maritime • TNO Science and Industry: Automotive, Sports, Care and Medical Systems, Process industry , Space and Science Instrumentation • TNO Built and Environment and Geosciences: Subsurface, Building and Construction, Environment, Oil and Gas, Traffic and Transport • and TNO ICT, One of the largest ICT knowledge centres in Europe (telecom, IT) 2
  3. 3. Goals of the Webinar • Provide an helicopter view of innovation for development via an illustrative approach • Inspire you to innovate in emerging regions • Create an IEEE momentum on the topic 3
  4. 4. Outline • Setting the scene • What is innovation? • Why is it relevant to emerging regions? • Guidelines • Innovation in products/services • Zoom-in: ICT sector • Innovation in market based approaches 4
  5. 5. Outline • Setting the scene • What is innovation? • Why is it relevant to emerging regions? • Guidelines • Innovation in products/services • Zoom-in: ICT sector in Africa • Innovation in market based approached 5
  6. 6. What is innovation? • The exploitation of new ideas • More than invention • Diffuse to the public/market and exploited in some way • Different types • product innovation • Process innovation • Marketing innovation • Organizational innovation • An innovation could be: • Incremental: adapted or modified • Radical/disruptive: completely new ideas 6
  7. 7. Target group • Emerging regions • Base of the Pyramid Source: World Bank < $3000 source: 7
  8. 8. Why innovation for development? (1) • «innovate or perish» • solutions to challenges of emerging regions • Innovation often comes from constraint Source: Ethan Zuckerman , 8
  9. 9. Challenges! 9
  10. 10. Why innovation for development? (2) • Primary driver of business, financial and economic growth • Competitive advantage • Deliver high-quality jobs • Provide better products Social Impact Source: 10
  11. 11. Solving health challenges • LifeStraw® • Portable water filter for prevention of common diarrhoeal disease • Can be carried around for easy access to safe and clean drinking water. 11
  12. 12. Solving Energy challenges • Solar Cooker • Used in Nepal by refugees TNO developed a heat battery: conversion of thermal energy in electricity for lighting Source: Source: 12
  13. 13. Why innovation for development? (3) • Emerging regions are a fertile playing field for innovators/inventors • Top creativity ghana-2009/ 13
  14. 14. Holistic approach of innovation 14
  15. 15. African Relational Western Rational Culture? Culture Culture Being Helped To Help Relatio Ratio Who What Community Individual Execute Execute Rights Responsibilities Character Credentials Member Actor History Future Relationships Goods Source: Gertjan van Stam, LinkNet, Zambia 15
  16. 16. OLPC • Technical innovation is not enough • Pilots successful but no systematic evaluation. • The system/environment was not ready (non-technical) • teachers • No capacity of the partners to scale up the distribution • Fierce response from the PC industry Source: One Laptop Per Child: Vision vs. Reality, Kenneth L. Kraemer, Jason Dedrick, Prakul Sharma 16
  17. 17. Co-creation • Active participation of all stakeholders (holistic approach) • Create awareness and ownership • Allow to understand the structure of the local community • Emulate peers learning 17
  18. 18. Innovation for development: Guidelines • Don’t fight culture • Embrace market mechanisms • Innovate on existing platforms • Realize that problems aren’t obvious from afar • Understand that what you have is more important than what you lack • Build infrastructure on infrastructure Source: Ethan Zuckerman, • Be holistic • Co-create/ Co-design 18
  19. 19. Outline • Setting the scene • What is innovation? • Why is it relevant to emerging regions? • Guidelines • Innovation in products/services • Zoom-in: ICT sector in Africa • Innovation in market based approached 19
  20. 20. 20
  21. 21. ICT4D impact • e-health • Overcome the lack of medical expertise in rural areas • Help to register and access patient information • e-education • Give students in isolated areas access to education • Help teachers to improve and disseminate study materials • Improve learning methods • e-governance • Improve the information flow within and between governmental departments • Improve transparency towards civil society • Engage the civil society and give voice to these without • livelihoods/e-agriculture • Small entrepreneurs and farmers can get access to market price information and new markets, information on new production methods • Stimulate economic growth 21
  22. 22. Challenges • Lack of reliable energy supply • Lack of wired infrastructures • Lack of well-trained service-personnel • Limitations to OPEX and CAPEX due to limited financial capabilities of target customers 22
  23. 23. The literacy level of many people is very low or limits itself to the local language Rich Interfaces • other ways of communication than text • from text-based to sound and video based. 23 Adpated from Jenny de Boer, TNO
  24. 24. Mobile only services Self-healing ICT • interfaces have to be Self-configurable ICT designed for small(er) screens • less information (text) The ICT literacy often doesn’t reach beyond the mobile phone 24 Adpated from Jenny de Boer, TNO
  25. 25. Different culture(s) bring different meanings of identity, privacy, security and social structures that are used to deploy a product New Business Models • new ways of generating revenu based on the local social structure • share access /pre-paid Identity and Privacy • not everyone has his own mobile phone • identity detached from the physical device 25 Adpated from Jenny de Boer, TNO
  26. 26. Power supply is not a given • how to charge a battery • server/network is down Online or Offline • not everyone is online always and everywhere • Intermittent services or systems supporting intermittence (store and forward mechanisms) 26 Adpated from Jenny de Boer, TNO
  27. 27. Minimum effort, maximum effect Low-bandwidth • few degrees of freedom in designing the user interface Low-cost • Shift in using the latest technology Low-complexity available to making the most of proven technology Low-end phones and connectivity technologies are most common 27 Adpated from Jenny de Boer, TNO
  28. 28. Ushahidi • Platform that crowdsources crisis information • Gather distributed data via SMS, email or web and visualize it on a map or timeline. • Free and open source project • Source: 28
  29. 29. Source: 29
  30. 30. Source: 30
  31. 31. Microscopy and cell phones in Uganda 31
  32. 32. Results – final design • Connects the phone to the microscope • Stabilizes the cell phone • Accurate positioning of the camera 32
  33. 33. Outline • Setting the scene • What is innovation? • Why is it relevant to emerging regions? • Guidelines • Innovation in products/services • Zoom-in: ICT sector in Africa • Innovation in market based approaches 33
  34. 34. National Innovation Government policy Regional Scaling up Enterprises Local business Community Innovations NGO’s + Proof of Concept Knowledge Inst. Level Partners Needs/ demands adapted from Mathilde Miedema, TNO 34
  35. 35. Innovation in market based approaches • Profitable/Scalable • scale deep • scale wide • scale up • Example of Aravind Eye Care • Eliminate needless blindness • 2 million surgeries in 32 years • 2.7 million patiens screened per year • End-to-end, all inclusive business model 35
  36. 36. 3As when serving the BoP • Affordability • Access • Availability Source: The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid by C.K. Prahalad 36
  37. 37. Business models • The poor as customers • A pay-per-use approach • No frills service (e.g, telecommunication) • Paraskilling • Share channels • The poor as suppliers or producers • Contract production • Deep procurement • Demand-led training Source: 37
  38. 38. Base of the Pyramid protocol • Business incubation process for multinational corporations (MNCs) • Based on a participatory philosophy to • Co-discover and co-create new business opportunities • Co-design and launch BoP businesses "The Base of the Pyramid Protocol:Toward Next Generation BoP Strategy”, Erik Simanis and Stuart Hart 38
  39. 39. A structured approach to a non-structured challenge "The Base of the Pyramid Protocol:Toward Next Generation BoP Strategy”, Erik Simanis and Stuart Hart 39
  40. 40. Take away! Solve major challenges Reach social and economic impact Empower people by innovating in emerging regions Be holistic Co-create Embrace market mechanisms 40
  41. 41. Contact Nicolas Chevrollier TNO Information and Communication Technology Room BA 206 Brassersplein 2, 2612 CT Delft Twitter: nchevrollier 41
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.