PLUS  Information Search Process
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PLUS Information Search Process

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PLUS Information Search Process Document Transcript

  • 1. PLAN   LOCATE   USE     SELF-­EVALUATE     Note  –  this  is  a  cyclical  process,  with  the  arrows   going  in  both  directions,  not  a  linear  one.  Expect   to  move  between  all  stages,  and  to  return  to  a   stage  already  considered.     Plan  -­  be  prepared!   P      Make  sure  that  you  clearly  understand  the  task.   P      Think  about  the  theme  or  topic  you  have  been  given.     P      Brainstorm  the  things  you  already  know  before  you  begin.      P      Use  a  thesaurus  to  find  synonyms  and  related  terms  to  broaden  your   search      P      Broaden  your  knowledge  –  use  encyclopedias  (article  outlines),  the   contents  pages,  index  and  glossary  of  reference  books  to  gain  a  broader   understanding  of  your  area  of  research  –  the  wider  your  knowledge  base,   the  more  effective  will  your  questioning  be.     P        Ask  searching,  open-­ended  questions  about  your  topic.  Add  them  to             your  brainstorm.      P        List  the  keywords  you  will  use  to  research  -­‐  these  will  come  from  your     questioning,  your  brainstorm,  from  your  thinking  and  from  your   discussions  with  peers  and  experts.      P      Continue  to  add  to  your  brainstorm  until  you  have  a  good  general   understanding  of  your  area  of  research.      P          Define  and  refine  the  thesis  statement  which  will  guide  your  research          
  • 2.  Locate  -­  find  your  information!  L          Always  use  a  variety  of  resources  –  print,  electronic,  multimedia:  books,       magazines,  newspapers,  journals,  databases,  encyclopedias,  videos,   experts  in  the  field.  Use  the  Library!    L        Look  for  primary  and  secondary  sources.  L        Make  sure  you  understand  what  you  are  reading.  L        Evaluate  all  your  sources  -­‐  Is  the  information  reliable?  Up  to  date?  Biased?   Who  is  the  author?  Is  it  relevant  to  your  research?  The  same  criteria   should  apply  to  a  website  as  to  a  book.    Use  -­  make  notes,  organize  and  share!  U          Record,  organize,  analyze,  synthesize  your  data.      U          Find  information  that  will  support  your  questions  and  clarify  your         brainstorming.  U          Make  notes  –  summarize,  paraphrase,  write  down  actual  quotations  if  you   need  them,  record  your  thoughts  and  opinions.  U          Retain  the  details  of  each  source  you  use  for  in-­text  citations,  as  well  as  a   Works  Cited  page.  U          Decide  how  you  are  going  to  share  the  information  you  have  found,  the   conclusions  you  have  come  to,  the  thoughts  and  ideas  you  have  and  the   new  knowledge  you  have  created.  U          Work  on  your  presentation.  U          Complete  the  Works  Cited  page,  and  check  in-­‐text  citations.        Self-­evaluate  -­  did  I  work  well?  Detailed  and  thoughtful  reflection  -­‐  The  aspects  of  the  research  that  were  successful;  aspects  of  the  research  that  needed  more  work;  the  action  that  resulted/will  result  Some  questions  to  ask  yourself:   • Did  I  complete  the  task  I  was  set?   • Did  I  use  a  range  of  appropriate  sources?   • Did  I  use  my  own  ideas?  Or  did  I  just  copy  from  the  sources  I  found?   • Did  I  cite  my  sources  properly  and  make  a  works  cited  page?   • Did  I  ask  for  help  when  I  needed  to?   • Could  I  have  improved  my  work  in  any  way?   • How  will  I  do  a  better  piece  of  work  next  time?   • What  difference  will  my  work  make?    What  action  will  it  lead  to?