Susan Powers: How To Be a Consumer of Biofuels

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Susan powers of Clarkson University discusses how to begin using biofuels.

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Susan Powers: How To Be a Consumer of Biofuels

  1. 1. Bioenergy for the Consumer Susan Powers, PhD, Clarkson University Scott Gordon, PhD, Green Technologies, LLC Jock Gill, Vermont Grass Energy Collaborative Bill Olsen, St. Lawrence University
  2. 2. Bioenergy for the Consumer <ul><li>Why should I be a consumer of bioenergy? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government programs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>What are the options? </li></ul><ul><li>What products available – </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Generally? Locally? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Now? Next year? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>How can I buy and use these products? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we create demand to help create the supply? </li></ul><ul><li>How can I help to ensure that this remains a SUSTAINABLE energy supply? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why Bioenergy? <ul><li>Biomass is: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Abundant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Renewable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nearly carbon-neutral </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A sustainable source of hydrocarbons. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Biomass can: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fill the gap between oil demand and supply in the near term. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Move regions like ours towards energy independence </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Bioenergy SYSTEM Financing Transportation Policies / Incentives Incentives Marketing Transportation Distribution system By-products Employment Society Emissions Env. Degradation Environment Feedstock Conversion Technol. product Markets Bioenergy industry
  5. 5. They are telling us to use it… <ul><li>Federal - Energy Policy Act 2005 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy security / energy independence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NYS – 90% transportation fuel imported, 45% from OPEC </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewable fuel standard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NYS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>25% renewable electricity by 2013 </li></ul></ul>(2.8%)
  6. 6. Bioenergy Product Options <ul><li>Wood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Logs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pellets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grass pellets </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the grid </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biofuel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiesel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green diesel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethanol </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Home heating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial / institutional heating, combined heat and power </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Bioenergy Consumer Products <ul><li>Wood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Logs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pellets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grass pellets </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the grid </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biofuel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiesel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green diesel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethanol </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Home heating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial / institutional heating, combined heat and power </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Bioenergy Consumer Products <ul><li>Wood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Logs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pellets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grass pellets </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the grid </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biofuel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiesel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green diesel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethanol </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Home heating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial / institutional heating, combined heat and power </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Bioenergy Consumer Products <ul><li>Wood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Logs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pellets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grass pellets </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the grid </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biofuel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiesel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green diesel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethanol </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Home heating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial heating, combined heat and powers </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Bioenergy Consumer Products <ul><li>Wood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Logs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pellets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grass pellets </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the grid </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biofuel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiesel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green diesel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethanol </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Home heating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial heating, combined heat and powers </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Example Conversion Technologies <ul><li>Wood* Conversion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct combustion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High efficiency combustion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gasification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fermentation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Energy Products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combined heat and power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green diesel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethanol </li></ul></ul>* the “original” bioenergy source; “nature’s oldest renewable energy source” Wide variety in processes can result in a wide range of products; Just like petroleum!
  12. 12. But outdoor wood boilers? <ul><li>OWBs may be among t he dirtiest and least economical modes of h eating </li></ul><ul><li>Properly operated, OW Bs emit more fine particulate matter pollut ion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 times more than conve ntional wood stoves, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12 times more than EPA- certified wood stoves, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1000 times more than oil furnaces, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1800 times more than g as furnaces. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fine particulate matter pollution has both short- term and long-term hea lth effects. </li></ul>(Elliot Spitzer, 2005)
  13. 13. Economics – Supply and Demand <ul><li>Rural areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faced with smaller supply of bioenergy products </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wood pellets 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many pellet stoves sold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>but limited supply of pellets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curran Renewable Energy LLC, Massena, proposed wood pellet facility </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Current Biodiesel Supply <ul><li>Biodiesel Fuel Stations </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel Distributors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sprague ( ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collins Oil ( ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Noco ( ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>BD produced in Fulton January 2008 ( ) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Barry Collins Oil <ul><li>Home Heating oil distributor </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated to biodiesel </li></ul><ul><li>Sells biodiesel / oil blends B5, B20 </li></ul><ul><li>St. Lawrence, Franklin, Essex, Clinton Co. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Current Ethanol Supply <ul><li>Ethanol added to gasoline for transportation </li></ul><ul><li>E10 required as oxygenate in gasoline </li></ul><ul><li>Planned ethanol production facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed </li></ul>E85
  17. 17. Creating the Demand <ul><li>Identify customer base </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who is the “consumer”? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advocate for increased use of bioenergy </li></ul><ul><li>Vote and consume knowledgeably </li></ul>Industries Associated Colleges Fleet Transporters Small Businesses K-12 institutions Home- owner
  18. 18. The continuing role of politics <ul><li>Pres. Bush and Gov. Pataki </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethanol advocates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly corn, some from cellulosics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> tax incentives for new production, fuel tax credits </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gov. Spitzer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Spitzer's Silence on Ethanol Fight Speaks Volumes &quot; (April 19, 2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B-20 tax credit at sale – expires June 30, 2007 </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Doing it right <ul><li>SUSTAINABILITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People, prosperity and planet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use bioenergy in a manner that </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not negatively impact human condition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognizes the limits to the Earth’s capacity to renew itself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concentrates on LOCAL supply and demand as much as possible </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conservation most important </li></ul>
  20. 20. Sue’s Opinions on Sustainable Bioenergy in NNY <ul><li>We have a great capacity for forest and dedicated crop biomass production </li></ul><ul><li>We should expand local resource utilization and bioenergy economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biomass harvest / growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biomass conversion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bioenergy product distribution and use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We should approach increased utilization of corn-based ethanol very cautiously </li></ul>
  21. 21. Learning More <ul><li>Tonight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scott Gordon – Biodiesel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jock Gill – Pellets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bill Olsen – Wood gasification </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tomorrow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pellets – 9 am </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bioheat panel – 11 am </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternative Fuels – 11 am </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wood gasification – 3 pm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiesel production - 4 pm </li></ul></ul>
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