Jim Merkel: Sustainability and the College Campus

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Jim Merkel of Dartmouth College on sustainable energy on the college campus

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Jim Merkel: Sustainability and the College Campus

  1. 1. www.dartmouth.edu/~sustain Sustainability at Dartmouth College
  2. 2. The Task: <ul><li>To embed principles of sustainability in all of Dartmouth's roles… </li></ul><ul><li>To make Dartmouth a model of sustainability. </li></ul>
  3. 3. IVY Sustainability Coordinators <ul><li>Brown University – Teichert, Kurt </li></ul><ul><li>Columbia – Mesa, Nilda </li></ul><ul><li>Cornell – Koyanagi, Dean </li></ul><ul><li>Dartmouth – Merkel, James </li></ul><ul><li>Harvard – Sharp, Leith </li></ul><ul><li>Penn – Riley, David </li></ul><ul><li>Princeton – Weber, Shana </li></ul><ul><li>Yale -- Newman, Julie </li></ul>
  4. 4. CEO Ray Anderson <ul><li>Zero footprint by 2020 – in all of Interface’s operations </li></ul><ul><li>Dematerialization – renewable embodied energy </li></ul>
  5. 5. by shaking it waste down 80% saved over $300 million in 12 years. “ it is so hard to shake the opiate of status quo”
  6. 6. Why are educational institutions moving toward sustainable practices? <ul><li>To model sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>To educate creative caring leaders versed in sustainable practices. </li></ul><ul><li>To address the challenge of our time. </li></ul>
  7. 7. There are Other Benefits: <ul><li>Financial </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Health </li></ul><ul><li>Risk Reduction: e.g. Oil Dependence </li></ul><ul><li>Effective Management e.g. Understanding system dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Reputation/Differentiation </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Global Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Alignment with Mission… </li></ul>
  8. 8. Why Worry About Sustainability?
  9. 9. 1-800-NASA
  10. 10. Quantifying Sustainability Humanity’s Consumption Compared to Biospheric Production
  11. 11. Footprints 4.4 Exists 5.5 Humans use 1 80% for other species 0.3 Afghanistan 2 India 2 Iraq 4 China 6 Mexico 8 Ukraine 14 UK 24 USA Footprint – acres Nation or group
  12. 13. Campus per-capita footprint <ul><li>Energy footprint: 7.35 acres </li></ul><ul><li>Garbage footprint: 5.3 acres </li></ul><ul><li>Only 4.4 acres available </li></ul>
  13. 14. Over 200 species go extinct every day 1000 times faster than natural rate
  14. 15. Radical Disparity Wealthiest Billion $70 per day Poorest Billion $0.25 per day Global Gap = 250:1 and growing Inter-human equity
  15. 16. We are alive at a unique time Exponential Growth of Population and Consumerism
  16. 17. “… no longer than a decade , at the most…,” Dr. James Hansen Fred R. Conrad/The New York Times Heads the NASA Institute for Space Studies in New York City
  17. 18. Nineteen of the hottest 20 years on record occurred since 1980. -- The Union of Concerned Scientist
  18. 19. <ul><li>meltwater descends through crevasses to the </li></ul><ul><li>ice sheet base </li></ul><ul><li>lubrication increases the movement of the ice sheet </li></ul><ul><li>the discharge of giant icebergs </li></ul>
  19. 20. Climate Zones are Moving Toward Poles at 35 Miles per Decade: Species are Moving at 5 Miles per Decade: Loose Maple Syrup? Get Deer Tics?
  20. 21. What will we do about it?
  21. 22. The primary factors that drive impact are in our control. (IPAT) <ul><li>I mpact = P x A x T </li></ul><ul><li>A – Affluence . How much we consume. </li></ul><ul><li>P – Population . How many children we have. </li></ul><ul><li>T– Technology . How efficiently we employ tools. </li></ul>
  22. 23. Where to Start?
  23. 24. Projects Include: <ul><li>Indicators </li></ul><ul><li>High Performance Buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Energy and CO2 Reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Solid Waste Reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Waste-free Dining </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability Coordinator Training </li></ul><ul><li>Outreach and Communication </li></ul>
  24. 25. Indicators : <ul><li>Annual Dartmouth Sustainability Report </li></ul><ul><li>Building Feedback Posters in 60 Locations </li></ul>
  25. 26. Outputs       CO2 emissions Other emissions Solid waste Ecological Footprint Inputs    Total energy consumption No. 6 fuel oil Purchased electricity Other fuels Gasoline Water
  26. 29. Building Feedback -- Energy and Water
  27. 30. Dartmouth’s CO2 Emissions
  28. 31. Building Performance
  29. 32. Whittemore Hall, 2000 Amos Tuck School of Business Administration Beginning the Integrated Design Process on Campus <ul><li>Enthalpy Energy Recovery Wheel </li></ul><ul><li>Variable Air Volume Ventilation with Variable Frequency Drives on Fans </li></ul><ul><li>High Performance Envelope with Triple Glazed Windows </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Efficient Lighting & Motors </li></ul>
  30. 33. <ul><li>Possible Solar Thermal Applications : </li></ul><ul><li>Make-up water for steam plant </li></ul><ul><li>Heating pools and hot water in the gym </li></ul><ul><li>Leased equipment with positive cash flow in one to two years. </li></ul>
  31. 34. Energy and CO2 Reduction <ul><li>Energy Task Force </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Conservation Technician </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Inventory – Clean Air Cool Planet </li></ul><ul><li>Resource Working Group </li></ul>
  32. 35. 5,000 light switch stickers
  33. 36. <ul><li>Sharing – Two in car (1/2 footprint) </li></ul><ul><li>Caring – Through careful planning, halve travel + Sharing (1/4 footprint) </li></ul><ul><li>Conserving – 2 X the mpg + Sharing + Caring (1/8 footprint) </li></ul>Bike Commuter Car Commuter Bus Commuter Commuting -- Ecological Footprint Comparisons
  34. 40. <ul><li>Sustainable Dining Club </li></ul><ul><li>Dine with no waste </li></ul><ul><li>DDS Provides: </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Silverware to Borrow </li></ul><ul><li>Washable To-Go Containers in Collis, Food Court and Homeplate </li></ul><ul><li>Diners Provide: </li></ul><ul><li>Cloth Napkin </li></ul><ul><li>Coffee Mug </li></ul><ul><li>Reusable Water Bottle </li></ul><ul><li>Blitz: WASTEFREE </li></ul>
  35. 41. Social Marketing
  36. 42. Education
  37. 43. Garbage From Over 500 Lunches
  38. 44. 12 hours of trash from Collis
  39. 45. Compost Facility in Action
  40. 46. Sales up 10.1% Customer transactions up 7.3%
  41. 47. in Greek houses, dorms and campus offices Training Sustainability Coordinators
  42. 48. El Anatsui: GAWU exhibition The Art of Sustainability
  43. 49. Transformation <ul><li>Disposed materials into stunning art – in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Profound over-consumption to sustainability – in Hanover, NH </li></ul>
  44. 50. Student Initiatives <ul><li>ECO – Env. Conservation Org. </li></ul><ul><li>The Big Green Bus </li></ul><ul><li>ESD – Env. Studies Division of DOC </li></ul><ul><li>Dartmouth Progressives </li></ul><ul><li>The Green Magazine </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel Project </li></ul><ul><li>Farm and Field </li></ul><ul><li>Green Greeks </li></ul>
  45. 51. The Chronicle of Higher Education Wednesday, January 24, 2007 <ul><li>Dartmouth Earns Highest Grade on Sustainability Report Card Along with Williams College, Harvard and Stanford. </li></ul><ul><li>Issued by The Sustainable Endowments Institute </li></ul>
  46. 52. Kinks in the Chain
  47. 53. Single Occupant Automobile
  48. 54. Swimming in Solid Waste
  49. 55. High Embodied Energy Materials and Services Computers Food Buildings Communications Insurances
  50. 56. Cogeneration Plant Uses #6 Fuel Oil
  51. 57. Sustainability Asks us to Look at the World Differently.
  52. 58. The more rigorous the design constraints: <ul><li>The more creative and useful the final system. </li></ul>20 percent vs. factor 20 reduction
  53. 59. <ul><li>Refuse </li></ul><ul><li>Rethink </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce </li></ul><ul><li>Reuse </li></ul><ul><li>Recycle </li></ul>
  54. 60. Sustainability Must Become the Default Option Easier And Less Costly
  55. 61. The prize? A restored planet to pass on to the next generation. Living with-in ecological systems is ultimately challenging .

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