Wk.1 Class Presentation

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Hst 111 Week 1 Slides

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Wk.1 Class Presentation

  1. 1. Class Learning Objective:Students will be able to comprehend, examine, analyze and synthesis the pattern of early migration to the Americas, the accomplishments of the early American civilization and their impact on present cultural attitudes.
  2. 2. Migration from Africa to “America”
  3. 3. Where do we Mark the Beginning of America?
  4. 4. Early Paleo-Indiana, 25,000-11,000 Years Ago
  5. 5. Kennewick Man 2005, Atlatl Spear
  6. 6. Clovis Hunters, 14,000 Years Ago
  7. 7. Archaic Period about 7,000 years ago
  8. 8. Native American Creation Stories
  9. 9. Mesoamerica,Over 5,000 Year Ago
  10. 10. Maize in MesoameriaMaize Cultural : No Domesticated AnimalsAgriculture: Corn, squash, beans
  11. 11. Olmec Civilization 3,000 years ago
  12. 12. Chinampa
  13. 13. Ball Court
  14. 14. Codices (Hieroglyphics)
  15. 15. Other Characteristics of Olmec Civilization• human sacrifices• lip ornaments• periodic market systems• polished obsidian• sandals with heels• 13 as a ritual number year of 18 months of 20 days plus 5 extra days• wood clubs laced with flint or obsidian blades• stepped pyramids jade as precious stone
  16. 16. Olmec/Egyptian
  17. 17. End of Olmec Civilization
  18. 18. New Era 500 to 1500 C.E.
  19. 19. Geography of Incan Empire
  20. 20. Incan AchievementsThe Incan calendar was divided into 12 months.Each month was divided into 3 weeks. Each week had10 days
  21. 21. Quipas
  22. 22. Farming
  23. 23. Roads and Runners and Communication
  24. 24. Government
  25. 25. Inca Army
  26. 26. Tax System
  27. 27. Machu Picchu
  28. 28. • Achievements important to the success of the Inca Empire:• Communication: (roads, runners)• Specialized Professions (engineers, metal workers, stone masons, other artisans)• Service Tax (huge free labor force)• Technology (terrace farming, surplus crops, irrigation systems)• Strong Central Government (all powerful Inca, strict laws, basic needs satisfied)
  29. 29. • Recap of Inventions:• Terrace Farming• Freeze Dried Foods• Use of Gold and Silver• Marvelous Stonework• Wonderful Textiles• Aqueducts (the Incas were frequent bathers)• Hanging Bridges• Panpipes• Systems of Measurement (calendar, quipus)
  30. 30. • Things they did NOT invent:• The wheel, a system of writing
  31. 31. Mayan Civilization
  32. 32. Aztec Empire
  33. 33. Aztec View ofTenochtitlan
  34. 34. Ruins of the CityCenter, Tenochtitlan
  35. 35. The Codex Mendoza :The Founding ofTenochtitla n
  36. 36. Tenochtitlan: The “Venice” of the Americas
  37. 37. Floating Gardens
  38. 38. Aztec Writing
  39. 39. Aztec Sun Stone -- Calendar
  40. 40. Aztec Sun Motifs
  41. 41. Aztec Codex(15c Manuscript)
  42. 42. The AztecsWereFierceWarriors
  43. 43. Aztecs SacrificeNeighboring Tribes tothe Sun God
  44. 44. Heart Sacrificeon an Aztec Temple Pyramid
  45. 45. Wall of Skulls, Tenochtitlan
  46. 46. SacrificialStatue, Tenochtitlan
  47. 47. Aztec Gold
  48. 48. Group Discussion• When we think of Native Americans we often visualize Indians on horseback with feather headdresses; tepees and buffalo robes. We get this image from television and movies, but it is not an accurate picture of almost all Indian tribes. Using what you know from your reading for this class or anything you read in the past or seen, what do you see as the “typical” Indian of the Pre-Columbian Era? Is there such a thing as a “typical” Indian in your estimation? Yes? No? Why do you feel the way you do? What evidence can you find to support your opinion?
  49. 49. Aztec and Europe: End of a Civilization

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