Class Learning Objective:Students will be able to comprehend, examine, analyze and synthesis the pattern of early migration to the Americas, the accomplishments of the early American civilization and their impact on present cultural attitudes.
Other Characteristics of Olmec Civilization• human sacrifices• lip ornaments• periodic market systems• polished obsidian• sandals with heels• 13 as a ritual number year of 18 months of 20 days plus 5 extra days• wood clubs laced with flint or obsidian blades• stepped pyramids jade as precious stone
• Achievements important to the success of the Inca Empire:• Communication: (roads, runners)• Specialized Professions (engineers, metal workers, stone masons, other artisans)• Service Tax (huge free labor force)• Technology (terrace farming, surplus crops, irrigation systems)• Strong Central Government (all powerful Inca, strict laws, basic needs satisfied)
• Recap of Inventions:• Terrace Farming• Freeze Dried Foods• Use of Gold and Silver• Marvelous Stonework• Wonderful Textiles• Aqueducts (the Incas were frequent bathers)• Hanging Bridges• Panpipes• Systems of Measurement (calendar, quipus)
• Things they did NOT invent:• The wheel, a system of writing
Group Discussion• When we think of Native Americans we often visualize Indians on horseback with feather headdresses; tepees and buffalo robes. We get this image from television and movies, but it is not an accurate picture of almost all Indian tribes. Using what you know from your reading for this class or anything you read in the past or seen, what do you see as the “typical” Indian of the Pre-Columbian Era? Is there such a thing as a “typical” Indian in your estimation? Yes? No? Why do you feel the way you do? What evidence can you find to support your opinion?